Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/122321


Title: 互動式網頁數位學習成效之研究—以數位單眼模擬器學習基礎攝影為例
Research on digital learning effectiveness of interactive website - a case study of learning basic photography on digital camera simulator
Authors: 謝孟霖
Hsieh, Meng-Lin
Contributors: 陳聖智
廖峻鋒

Chen, Sheng-Chih
Liao, Chun-Feng

謝孟霖
Hsieh, Meng-Lin
Keywords: 互動式網頁
數位學習
自主學習
攝影學習
使用者介面
學習成效
Interactive website
Digital learning
Self-learning
Learning photography
User interface
Learning effectiveness
Date: 2019
Issue Date: 2019-02-12 15:57:19 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 21 世紀是數位化的世紀,數位相機是每個家庭中皆能看見的科技產品,加上智慧型拍照手機與修圖軟體的普及化,拍照成為一項全民運動,然而,基礎攝影的觀念卻不如相機的硬體普及。攝影的數位自主學習浪潮,在中文化的資訊中,目前僅存在單純圖文式的教學網站,然而學習攝影的過程,如果不能同時感受各種攝影參數對成像的即時變化,無法讓學習者感同身受地有效學習。
本研究設計互動式基礎攝影學習網站,作為攝影的數位自主學習系統/輔助學習系統,以互動式網頁(Interactive Website)為主要載體,發展全中文的互動式學習、評量系統。本研究規劃的互動式基礎攝影學習網站系統由三部分構成:全中文攝影教學網站、數位單眼模擬器、數位學習評價系統組成。在在本研究的實驗中,透過實際建置靜態攝影觀念呈現網頁、選用現行的單眼相機模擬器CameraSim Pro、設計數位問卷形式之測驗與問卷調查等方式,邀請受測者參與實驗,記錄受測者之學習行為與測驗數據加以驗證,並討論其數位學習成效。
在研究方法中,採用前實驗法與調查研究法,試圖以兩種研究方法探討下列研究問題:數位學習如何提升學習基礎攝影之成效?如何讓本身無持有實體相機的使用者,透過數位學習提升基礎攝影學習成效?如何以客觀、科學化的方式評估攝影的數位學習成效。本研究透過攝影知識呈現網頁與相機模擬器,提供本身無持有實體相機的使用者(本研究的目標使用者為攝影生手)t攝影知識觀念的學習與等同實體相機的對焦、曝光、取景構圖操作練習,以兩種研究方法記錄受測者於實驗中的表現行為與數據,並以 SAS 統計軟體進行科學化的分析,試圖找到客觀詮釋研究問題的方法。
在前實驗法中,採用單組前後測設計為實驗方法,以數據結果討論數位學習系統之學習成效的客觀依據。實驗結果顯示 7 位受測者中有 6 位受測者的前後測表現達到顯著差異,故推論互動式網頁的數位學習方式能正向提升受測者對基礎攝影觀念的了解程度與單眼相機操作的正確性。在調查研究法中,設計問卷調查與訪談調查,以數位問卷蒐集受測者的基本資料與對攝影的認知程度。實驗結束後兩個月進行簡易的觀察訪談,記錄受測者後續的攝影作品與攝影理念,簡易評論受測者在實驗後實行拍攝行為的成果。所有受測者皆有出色的表現,其作品在對焦、曝光、取景構圖三種性質皆達到一定的正確水準。挑出受測者進行深度訪談,了解受測者學習攝影的初衷、拍攝照片之動機與接受本研究之數位學習後對於攝影行為的改變。
The 21st century is a digitalized age. Digital cameras have become the technological products that can be seen in every family. However, the concept of basic photography is not as well-known as the popularization of camera hardware itself. There are only static websites with images and texts in all the Chinese photography-learning websites. However, learning photography requires the acquaintance of changes between every parameter. Therefore, interactive websites with dynamic changes of camera could effectively help learners understand the concept of photography.
This study designed an interactive website as a digital self-learning system and learning support system. The website system was fully in Chinese, with interactive learning and evaluation functions. The system was consisted of 3 parts: Websites of photography concepts, Digital camera simulator and Learning evaluation system. By creating websites, using the existed software CameraSim Pro and designing on-line surveys, this study conducted experiments of learning effectiveness.
The research purpose was to enhance digital learning effectiveness by using the website system, and meanwhile, trying to find out a moderate method that subjectively evaluate learning effectiveness. In the research method, this study applied experiment method and survey method. For experiment method, this study applied single-group pretest-posttest design. In both pretest and posttest, subjrsects participated the photography knowledge test and the camera simulator test. After collecting answers and behavior data from the experiments, this study computeid the statistical significance, reliability and validity. As a result, 85.7%g csubjeic ts showed significant differences (protest V.S. pretest). By interpreting the statistical result, this study found it an effective learning way by learning photography on interactive website. For the survey method, this study designed on-line questionnaires for user satisfaction, SUS (System Usability Scale) and user information, and additionally, interviewed subjects after the experiment for the extreme experimental results.
In conclusion, by interpreting all the statistical data, questionnaires data and interviews after experiments, interactive websites with camera simulator could enhance the digital learning effectiveness of photography.
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
數位內容碩士學位學程
104462011
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104462011
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[數位內容碩士學位學程] 學位論文
[數位內容碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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