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    Title: 關鍵專利與公司財務績效-以台灣電子業為例
    Crucial patent and company financial performance from Taiwanese electronics firms
    Authors: 李佳壎
    Li, Chia-Hsun
    Contributors: 李浩仲
    李文傑

    李佳壎
    Li, Chia-Hsun
    Keywords: 財務績效
    專利
    網絡分析
    台灣電子業
    Financial performance
    Patent
    Network analysis
    Taiwanese electronics firms
    Date: 2019
    Issue Date: 2019-09-05 17:09:51 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 公司表現受到許多因素影響,其中一個很重要的因素為技術的表現。根據過去的文獻,本文使用財務報表中的指標來衡量財務績效,而使用專利衡量技術與創新。有別於以往的研究,本研究嘗試以專利網絡分析的方式,定義出產業技術發展過程中專利的關鍵性。使用incoPat蒐集台灣半導體產業、TFT-LCD技術相關光電產業、LTE技術相關通訊產業的專利,再使用datastream、台灣經濟新報資料庫蒐集這些產業公司相關財務資訊,並藉此來觀察擁有這些專利的公司未來財務績效的展現。研究結果顯示,擁有重要專利的公司對現金流量(CF)、總資產報酬率(ROA)有正向且顯著的影響。因此創新是公司在成長中一個很重要的因素,擁有更多關鍵的專利,在未來的產業發展上可為公司帶來更多獲利。
    Based on the neoclassical understanding in financial economic research, exogenous factors driving up total factor productivities would correlate positively with firm’s production growth. Under this belief, this dissertation start by bridging the gap to associate the quality of firm-level technology with the market value of firms in the stock exchange market. Utilizing a hand-collected dataset composed of financial performance as well as patent application approval in Taiwanese semiconductor firms, the research target can be fulfilled. On the one hand, the firm-level patent quality can be used to compute the adjusted centrality serving as the firm-level technology quality. Secondly, the metric in both technology side and financial performance can be associated. The results robustly validate that firms’ crucial patents would be beneficial to operational performance of firms. Specifically articulated here is that firms with crucial patents can evolve larger scales in terms of cash flow and operational profits.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    經濟學系
    106258024
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106258024
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU201900783
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 學位論文

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