Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Developing EFL Learners’ Intercultural Competence through Films: A Case Study of Taiwanese Junior High School Students
|Issue Date:||2020-08-03 18:33:15 (UTC+8)|
Research has found that films are a good way to provide rich resources for intercultural learning. Although a number of studies were conducted in the past to explore how to use films to cultivate college students’ intercultural competence (IC), few studies have been reported on the use of films in high school students in the EFL context. Given the importance of cultivating students’ intercultural competence in this globalized world, this study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of using films on developing a group of Taiwanese junior high school students’ intercultural competence as well as their perceptions of this approach. A total of 13 students from the same elective course were recruited to participate in the study. Data were collected from the participants’ reflective diaries and interviews, which were analyzed qualitatively. The results showed that students developed their IC in three dimensions: affective, cognitive, and behavioral ones. Students also held a positive attitude towards intercultural learning through films. Finally, based on the results of this study, some suggestions for intercultural learning and teaching through films are provided.
Alalou, A. & Chamberlain, E. (1999). Using student expectations and perceived needs to rethink pedagogy and curriculum: A case study. Foreign Language Annals, 32, 27-44.
Allen, L. Q. (2000). Culture and the ethnographic interview in foreign language teacher development. Foreign Language Annals, 33, 51-57.
Allen, L. Q. (2004), Implementing a Culture Portfolio Project within a Constructivist Paradigm. Foreign Language Annals, 37(2), 232-239.
Allwright, D. & Bailey, K. M. (1991). Focus on the language classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Angelova, M., & Zhao, Y. (2016). Using an online collaborative project between American and Chinese students to develop ESL teaching skills, cross-cultural awareness and language skills. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 29(1), 167-185.
Arasaratnam, L. A., & Doerfel, M. L. (2005). Intercultural communication competence: Identifying key components from multicultural perspectives. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 29, 137–163.
Baker, W. (2009). The cultures of English as a lingua franca. TESOL Quarterly, 43(4), 567–592.
Bateman, B.E. (2004), Achieving Affective and Behavioral Outcomes in Culture Learning: The Case for Ethnographic Interviews. Foreign Language Annals, 37, 240-253.
Bennett, M. (1993). Towards ethnorelativism: A development model of intercultural sensitivity. In M. Paige (Ed.), Education for the intercultural experience (pp. 21–71). Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.
Björk, E. L., & Eschenbach, J. (2014). Reel life: Film as a tool for intercultural dialogue in the classroom and beyond. Journal of Intercultural Communication, (36).
Brislin, R., & Yoshida, T. (1994). Intercultural Communication Training: An Introduction. London: Sage Publications Ltd.
Byram, M. (1997). Teaching and assessing intercultural communication competence. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Byram, M. & Fleming, M. (1998). Language Learning in Intercultural Perspective: Approaches through Drama and Ethnography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cardon, P.W. (2010). Using films to learn about the nature of cross-cultural stereotypes in intercultural business communication courses. Business Communication Quarterly, 73(2), 150–165.
Chao, T. (2013). A diary study of university EFL learners intercultural learning through foreign films. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 26(3), 247-265.
Chao, T. (2014). The Development and Application of an Intercultural Competence Scale for University EFL Learners. English Teaching and Learning, 38(4), 79-124.
Chapple, L. and A. Curtis. (2000). Content-based instruction in Hong Kong: students responses to film. System, 28,419-33.
Chen, G. M. & Starosta, W. J. (1996). Intercultural communication competence: A synthesis. In B. Burleson (Ed.), Communication Yearbook 19 (pp.353-383). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Chen, G. M. & Starosta, W. J. (1998). A review of the concept of intercultural awareness Human Communication. Human Communication, 2(1), 27-54.
Chen, G. M. (2003). Foundations of intercultural communication. Taipei: Wu-Nan Publishing.
Condon, J. (1986). Exploring intercultural communication through literature and film. World Englishes, 5(2/3), 153-161.
Cunico, S. (2005). Teaching language and intercultural competence through drama: some suggestions for a neglected resource. Language Learning Journal, 31(1), 21-29.
Deardorff, D. K. (2006). Identification and assessment of intercultural competence as a student outcome of internationalization. Journal of Studies in International Education, 10, 241-266.
Fantini, A. E. (2000). Assessing Intercultural Competence: A YOGA Form. Brattleboro, VT: School for International Training.
Fantini, A. E. (2007). Exploring and assessing intercultural competence: Research report 07–01. St. Louis, MO: Centre for Social Development, Washington University.
Gudykunst, W. B. (2004). Bridging differences: Effective intergroup communication. London: Sage.
Hertel, T., & Harrington, S. (2018). Promoting Cultural and Linguistic Competence with Documentary Film in Spanish. Hispania, 98(3), 549-569.
Hofstede, G. (2001). Cultures’ consequences: comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Jin, S. (2015). Using Facebook to promote Korean learners’ intercultural competence. Language Learning & Technology. 19(3), 38-51.
Ke, I. C. (2012). English as a lingua franca (ELF) in intercultural communication: findings from ELF online projects and implications for ELT in Taiwan. Taiwan Journal of TESOL, 9(2), 63-93.
Kiss, T. & Weninger, C. (2016). Cultural learning in EFL classroom: the role of visuals. ELF Journal, 71(2).
Kramsch, C. (2009). Third culture and language education. In L. Wei, & V. Cook (Eds.), Contemporary Applied Linguistics. Language Teaching and Learning. London: Continuum.
Landis, D., Bennet, J. M., & Bennet, M. J. (Eds.). (2004). Handbook of intercultural training (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Lee, L. (2010). Blogging: Promoting learner autonomy and intercultural competence through study abroad. Language Learning & Technology, 15(3), 87-109.
Lee, S. C. (2019). Integrating entertainment and critical pedagogy for multicultural pre-service teachers: film watching during the lecture hours of higher education. Intercultural Education, 30(2), 107-125.
Liaw, M. L. (2006). E-learning and the development of intercultural competence. Language Learning & Technology, 10(3), 49-64.
Lustig, M. W., & Koester, J. (2006). Intercultural competence: Interpersonal communication across cultures. New York, NY: Allyn and Bacon/Pearson Education.
Marcus, A.S., & Stoddard, J. D. (2009). The inconvenient truth about teaching history with documentary film: strategies for presenting multiple perspectives and teaching controversial issues. The Social Studies, 100(6), 279-284.
McKay, S. L. (2004). Teaching English as an international language: The role of culture in Asian contexts. The Journal of Asia TEFL, 1(1), 1-22.
McDonough, J., & McDonough, S. (1997). Research methods for English language teachers. London: Arnold.
Mendenhall, M. E., Kuhlmann, T. M., & Stahl, G. K. (Eds.). (2001). Developing global business leaders: Policies, processes, and innovations. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Mirzaei, A., & Forouzandeh, F. (2013). Relationship Between Intercultural competence and L2-Learning Motivation of Iranian EFL Learners. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 42 (3), 300-318.
Mortensen, M. (2017). Using film as a tool to promote intercultural competence in a Norwegian English language classroom.
Nault, D. (2006). Going global: Rethinking culture teaching in ELTcontexts. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 19(3), 314–328.
Pegrum, M., Hartley, L., & Wechtler, V. (2005). Contemporary cinema in language learning: From linguistic input to intercultural insight. Language Learning Journal, 32(1), 55–62.
Roell, C. (2010). Intercultural training with films. English Teaching Forum, 2, 2-15.
Samovar, L., Porter, R., & McDaniel, E. (2009). Communication between cultures. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Shawback, M., & Terhune, N. (2002). Online interactive courseware: Using movies to promote cultural understanding in a CALL environment. ReCALL, 14(1), 85-95.
Shemshadsara, Z.G. (2012). Developing cultural awareness in foreign language teaching. English Language Teaching, 5(3), 95–99.
Spitzberg, B. H. (2000). A model of intercultural communication competence. In L. A. Samour & R. E. Porter (Eds.), Intercultural communication: A reader (pp. 375-387). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Stephens, J. L. (2001). Teaching culture and improving language skills through a cinematic lens: A course on Spanish film in the undergraduate Spanish curriculum. ADFL Bulletin 33.1:22-25.
Stockwell, E. (2018). Revisiting WebQuests to develop intercultural communication competence. International Journal of Technology and Inclusive Education, 7(1), 1196-1205.
Sturm, J. L. (2012). Using Film in the L2 Classroom: A Graduate Course in Film Pedagogy. Foreign Language Annals, 45(2), 256-259.
Summerfield, E. (1993). Crossing cultures through film. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press, Inc, 2-3.
Ting-Toomey, S. (1999). Communicating across cultures. New York: Guilford.
Tognozzi, E. (2010). Teaching and evaluating language and culture through film, Italica, 87(1), 69-91.
Tomlinson, B., & Musuhara, H. (2004). Developing cultural awareness. MET, 13(1), 1–7.
Troung, L. b., & Tran, L. T. (2014). Students' intercultural development through language learning in Vietnamese tertiary education: a case study on the use of film as an innovative approach. Language and Intercultural Communication, 14(2), 207-225.
Ulichny, P. (1996). Cultures in conflict. Anthropology & Education Quarterly, 27, 331-364.
Wang, T. & Yu, G. (2018). English film appreciation from the perspective of cross cultural communication. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 8(6), 681-685.
Wilkinson, L. C. (2007). A developmental approach to uses of moving pictures in intercultural education. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 3(1), 1-27.
Wiseman, R. (2003). Intercultural Communication Competence. In W. Gudykunst (Ed.), Cross-cultural and Intercultural Communication (pp. 191-208). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
Wood, D. J. (1999). Aspects of video movie English teaching. Journal of Chikushi Jogakuen University 11: 93–104.
Yang, L. H., & Fleming, M. (2013). How Chinese college students make sense of foreign films and TV series: implications for the development of intercultural competence in ELT. The Language Learning Journal, 41 (3), 297-310.
Yue, J. Y. (2019). Use of foreign films in cultivating intercultural communicative competence in ELF- a case study. Theory and practice in language studies, 9(2), 198-203.
|Appears in Collections:||[Department of English] Theses|
Files in This Item:
All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.