Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/131334


Title: 動勢心理觀察量表修訂及相關因素研究
A study of Dongshi Psychological Observation Scale
Authors: 朱妤璇
Contributors: 李宗芹
朱妤璇
Keywords: 動勢
評量
動作觀察
Dongshi
scale
movement observation
Date: 2020
Issue Date: 2020-08-03 18:39:38 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 研究目的:身體是每個人專屬且獨特的寶藏,裡面裝載著關於自身的一切,使身體擁有豐富多元的表達方式。本研究欲探討身體動勢與心理狀態的關聯程度,希望修訂動勢心理觀察量表及動勢自陳式量表,以身體的角度發覺隱藏於身體之內的潛藏心理特質,使個體可以在過程中更加認識自己並達到自我改善。

研究方法:依據李宗芹所提出之動勢心理理論設計出九題觀察評量題項,經過預試進行修訂,共招募46位研究參與者(女性27人、男性19人,平均年齡22.39歲、標準差2.10)參與動勢心理觀察研究,同時亦填答羅氏自尊量表、自戀性人格測驗、時間緊迫量表、身體意識量表、身體反應量表、情緒調節量表、身體欣賞量表、身體活動經驗量表進行評估。評量現場由施測者進行口頭指導語說明引導後,以影像錄製記錄參與者的身體動作,由評分者觀看研究影像進行計分,最後將動勢心理觀察量表及動勢自陳式量表做信效度的檢驗。

研究結果:依據動勢心理觀察量表中三面向(身形力度、韻律密度、感覺強度)計分結果,進行相關心理構念量表分數的差異比較。在三面向及整體動勢結果顯示,多數相關心理構念量表沒有顯著差異,僅在感覺強度面向上身體欣賞量表達顯著,以及在整體動勢上身體欣賞量表及羅氏自尊量表達顯著。在動勢自陳式量表結果具有較佳的內部一致性及再測信度。

討論:目前研究數據未支持理論假設,可能原因有(1)所選用之效標量表與動勢理論吻合度不高;(2)身體經驗的不足或焦慮的測驗環境影響身體自由表達的程度,使自我評估與觀察結果不一致;以及(3)測驗流程與評估過程有諸多可調整之方向。動勢為重視過程、動態的身體心理理論,仍在發展階段,此篇研究結果未達研究預期,後續仍需繼續發展以釐清其中機轉。
Purpose: The body is a unique treasure for everyone, which contains everything about ourselves with different ways of expression. The purpose of this study is to establish a Dongshi psychological observation scale (DPOS) and the revision of Dongshi psychological scale (DPS), which exploring the relationship between body and mind, so that individuals can better understand themselves and achieve self-improvement from the body perspective.

Method: According to the Dongshi theory by Lee (2010), nine items of observation and evaluation were designed for Dongshi psychological observation scale. The sample consisted of 46 university students (27 females, 19 males) with ages ranging from 20 to 27 (M=22.39, SD=2.10). The participants’ movement were recorded by video recording after oral instructions. The Dongshi psychological scale was administered to 171 participants. Two studies examine the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and criterion validity.

Results: All participants were divided into three groups by the three aspects of Dongshi (the strength of body figural, the intensity of body rhythm, the strength of body corporeal feeling) and overall body tendency. The result of Dongshi psychological observation scale shows no significant difference in most psychological scale. Those who had lower degree of the strength of body corporeal feeling in Dongshi had more body appreciation, and those who had lower degree of overall body tendency had more body appreciation and self-esteem. The Dongshi psychological scale has internal consistency and high test-retest reliability.


Discussion: These findings do not support theoretical hypothesis, which may be due to (1) the psychological scale we selected is inadequacy; (2) the lack of body experience or the anxious test environment affects the body expression; and (3) research process in the observation and evaluation still has to improve.
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
輔導與諮商碩士學位學程
106172002
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106172002
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[輔導與諮商碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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