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Title: 面對歷史:盧梭論普遍意志與立法家
Facing History: Rousseau on the General Will and the Legislator
Authors: 鄭泰鈞
Cheng, Tai-Chun
Contributors: 周家瑜
Chou, Chia-Yu
鄭泰鈞
Cheng, Tai-Chun
Keywords: 讓‧雅克‧盧梭
歷史
普遍意志
立法家
社會契約論
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
History
General Will
Legislator
Social Contract
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-02-01 14:18:33 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本文試圖通過盧梭為其文本一致性所辯護的「融貫體系」,說明在此之中所隱含的歷史觀,深切地影響其對於普遍意志與立法家的思考。筆者主張,《社會契約論》旨在克服《第二論述》的歷史發展中曾經出現的假契約,而立法家的角色,則是為了引導自我奴役的社會人,得以成為獨立訂立契約的公民,兩部著作的目標均是為了回應人性歷史不可避免的腐化。最後,筆者從盧梭為日內瓦、波蘭與科西嘉書寫的改革意見中,指出其以立法家的角色,基於對歷史的判斷,提供化解特定社會困境的療方。
This thesis attempts to articulate how Rousseau’s implicit view of history deeply influenced his perspective towards the General Will and the Legislator, through the way he defended the “coherent system” for the consistency of his texts. In this thesis, I contend that the aim of both The Social Contract and The Second Discourse is to resolve the inevitable corruption in the history of human nature. Specifically speaking, the main idea of The Social Contract is to overcome the false contract emerged in history development described in the Second Discourse. In addition, the role of Legislator is to direct the self-enslaved social men to become the citizens who are able to establish Social Contract on their own. Finally, I conclude that in the reforming projects for Geneva, Poland and Corsica, as a legislator, Rousseau provides the remedy for certain social impediment, based on his judgment of history.
Reference: 一、 Jean-Jacques Rousseau本人的著作
1979. Emile : or, On education. New York: Basic Books.(Translated by Allan Bloom)
1990. The Collected Writings of Rousseau, Vol. 1. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England. (Edited by Roger D. Masters and Christopher Kelly ; Translated by Judith R. Bush, Christopher Kelly, and Roger D. Masters)
1992. The Collected Writings of Rousseau, Vol. 3. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England. (Edited by Roger D. Masters and Christopher Kelly ; Translated by Judith R. Bush, Christopher Kelly, Roger D. Masters and Terence Marshall)
1994 The Collected Writings of Rousseau, Vol. 4. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England. (Edited by Roger D. Masters and Christopher Kelly ; Translated by Judith R. Bush, Christopher Kelly, Roger D. Masters)
1997a. The discourses and other early political writing. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.(Edited and translated by Victor Gourevitch)
b. The social contract and other later political writings. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.(Edited and translated by Victor Gourevitch)
2001. The Collected Writings of Rousseau, Vol. 9. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England. (Edited by Christopher Kelly and Eve Grace ; Translated by Christopher Kelly and Judith R. Bush)
2005. The Collected Writings of Rousseau, Vol. 11. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England. (Edited by Christopher Kelly ; Translated by Christopher Kelly and Judith R. Bush)

二、中文參考資料
朱堅章,1972,〈盧梭政治思想中自由觀念的分析〉,《國立政治大學學報),(26): 183-206。
彼得‧蓋伊,2008,《啟蒙運動(下):自由之科學》,新北市: 立緒文化。(劉森堯及梁永安合譯)。譯自Peter Gay. 1971. The Enlightenment : an interpretation Vol. 2. New York: Knopf.
維特多‧沙博爾夫斯基,2018,《跳舞的熊》,新北市: 衛城,遠足文化出版。(林蔚昀譯)。譯自Witold Szabłowski. 2018. Tańczące niedźwiedzie.
蕭高彥,2013,《西方共和主義思想史論》,臺北市: 聯經出版社。
陳嘉銘,2014,〈「創造出公民,要什麼就都有了」?論盧梭的自由、愛國主義和實現共和的弔詭〉,《人文及社會科學集刊》,26(2): 175-218。

三、外文參考資料
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Scott, John T.
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Shklar, Judith N.
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Staen. Christophe V.
2019. “Rousseau and science.” In The Rousseauian Mind, eds. Eve Grace and Christopher Kelly. New York, NY: Routledge.
Strauss, Leo
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
政治學系
106252023
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106252023
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 學位論文

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