Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/134138


Title: 政治興趣與媒體使用對政治極化之影響
Impacts of political interest and media usage on political polarization
Authors: 林南華
Lin, Nan-Hua
Contributors: 俞振華
Yu, Chen-Hua
林南華
Lin, Nan-Hua
Keywords: 政治極化
政治興趣
媒體使用
部分等比例有序勝算對數模型
political polarization
political interest
media usage
partial proportional odds model
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-03-02 14:45:08 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 自西元2000年起,不論是菁英還是大眾層面,台灣都已出現政治極化的現象。其中除了菁英的動員,媒體可能是造成大眾政治極化的重要因素。近年來,網路的興起提供更多元便利的資訊管道,無形中造成民眾更常接觸相同政治立場的資訊。因此許多證據指出,網路媒體是造成政治極化的主因。
本研究回顧國內外有關政治極化與媒體使用的相關文獻,爬梳大眾政治極化的成因,發現政治興趣可能是造成民眾政治極化的重要因素,而媒體使用可能扮演催化劑的角色。因此,本研究根據既有文獻,將政治極化區分為情感性極化與意識形態極化,並將媒體區分為網路媒體與傳統媒體,提出以政治興趣作為自變數、媒體使用時間作為調節變數的模型,觀察兩者對情感性極化以及意識形態極化的影響。
經過部分等比例有序勝算對數模型的分析,結果顯示,當民眾沒有政治興趣,其網路媒體使用時間越長,則越不傾向較高程度的情感性極化,也越不傾向高程度的意識形態極化,然而,網路媒體使用時間與傳統媒體使用時間則沒有預期中的調節效果。
Taiwanese politics became extremely polarized at both the elite and popular levels since 2000. Besides the mobilization of elites, media would also be a critical factor to mass polarization. In recent years, the internet's more convenient and diversified information channels have drawn the electorate into more exclusive echo chambers that disseminate information with homogenous political points of view. Therefore, evidence points to the internet media as the primary cause of political polarization.
This study reviews foreign and domestic literature concerning political polarization and media usage, and sort out the causes that led to the public's political polarization. It is found that political interests may be the reason that caused political polarization, and the media was a catalyst.
Therefore, this research divided political polarization into affective polarization and ideological polarization, and the media into internet media and conventional media, and proposed a model using political interest as the independent variable, and media usage time as the moderator, to observe the effects each of the two variables has on affective polarization and ideological polarization.
Partial proportional odds model analysis indicates that when segments of the general public show no political interest, they are less likely to develop higher affective polarization with more prolonged internet media usage. However, internet media usage time and conventional media usage time do not have the expected moderating effect.
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
政治學系
106252011
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0106252011
Data Type: thesis
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