Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/134228


Title: 沙烏地阿拉伯與以色列外交關係影響因素之研究
The study of the factors of the diplomatic relationship between Saudi Arabia and Israel
Authors: 李學昌
Li, Xue-Chang
Contributors: 張景安
李學昌
Li, Xue-Chang
Keywords: 沙烏地阿拉伯
以色列
外交關係
利益平衡
Saudi Arabia
Israel
Diplomatic relationship
Balance of interest
Date: 2021
Issue Date: 2021-03-02 15:02:16 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本文將分析沙烏地阿拉伯王國(以下簡稱沙國)與以色列外交關係變化之影響因素。自1948年以色列建國後,沙國與以色列隨著中東局勢的變化,相應地發展出不同的外交互動模式。因此,本文將從1948年至2017年為止,在大約七十年的時間脈絡中,分析沙以外交關係變化的影響因素。此外,本文將以利益平衡論(balance of interest)做為分析的理論基礎,再輔以內部因素、區域因素與外部勢力三大面向作為分析的切入點。
本文首先根據沙以外交關係的發展脈絡,將其分為三個時期,分別為1948-1979年、1979-2001年與2001-2017年。再者,將利用內部因素聚焦於沙以政權穩定與意識形態之分歧,以區域因素分析沙以對區域強權變化所採取的外交政策,最後,則探討國際勢力如何對沙以外交關係產生影響。透過三大面向的分析後,本文將再使用利益平衡論對沙以外交關係的變化因素提出解釋,探討沙國與以色列究竟是採取制衡、扈從,亦或是其他類型的外交戰略來處理雙方外交關係之改變。
最後,本文發現1948-1979年沙以外交關係大多受區域因素所主導,因為此時國家安全的責任主要由沙國與以色列各自承擔。然而,在1979-2001年以及2001-2017年,沙以外交關係則受外部勢力之影響較深,原因在於有很大部份的安全責任轉移至美國,此外,沙以外交關係中的合作遠大於對抗,意識形態的障礙雖存在,但對沙以外交關係的影響較小。
The thesis analyzes the factors of the diplomatic relationship between Saudi Arabia and Israel. Since 1948, the establishment of Israel, Saudi Arabia and Israel have developed different kinds of interactive molds following the changes of the circumstances in Middle East. Thus, the thesis will explain the diplomatic relationship’s factors from 1948 to 2017, within about 70 years. Also, I will apply the theory of balance of interest for the base of explanation and use the three dimensions which are internal factor, regional factor and external factor to be the point of access.
First of all, the thesis is according to the development of diplomatic relationship and categorizes it to three periods which are 1948-1979, 1979-2001 and 2001-2017. Moreover, I will use internal factor to focus on the stability of regime and the conflict of ideology and utilize regional factor to analyze Saudi and Israel’s reaction toward the power change of regional countries. Finally, I will research how the external factor influences Saudi and Israel’s diplomatic relationship. Through the analysis of the dimensions, the thesis will use the theory of balance of interest to submit explanations of the change in the diplomatic relationship. I will make it clearer that whether Saudi Arabia and Israel adapt balance or bandwagon or the other strategies to cope with the changes of their diplomatic relationship.
Finally, the research finds that Saudi and Israel’s diplomatic relationship is influenced by the regional factor in 1948-1979 because the responsibility of national security is responsible to themselves. However, in 1979-2001 and 2001-2017, the diplomatic relationship is influenced a lot by the external factor. The reason is that the responsibility of national security has transferred to the United State in large part. Also, the cooperation is stronger than confrontation in their diplomatic relationship. The obstacle of the conflict of the ideology still exist but it doesn’t impact a lot on their diplomatic relationship.
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網路資料
Gross Samantha (2017). The 1967 war and the oil weapon. 2019/12/1. Brookings. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/markaz/2017/06/05/the-1967-war-and-the-oil-weapon/
Gross Samantha; Riedel Bruce; Pita Adrianna (2017). The 1967 war, the rise of Saudi Arabia, and modern energy politics. 2019/12/1. Brookings. https://www.brookings.edu/podcast-episode/the-1967-war-the-rise-of-saudi-arabia-and-modern-energy-politics/
Matza Doron; Hoffman Adam (2019). From taboo to cooperation: Israel is changing relation with Arab World. 2020/12/16. LSE Middle East Center. https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/mec/2019/03/29/from-taboo-to-cooperation-israels-changing-relations-with-the-arab-world
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
中東與中亞研究碩士學位學程
107560008
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107560008
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[中東與中亞研究碩士學位學程] 學位論文

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