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Title: Inclusion of the Outsider-Grammaticalization of the Verbal Particle Maai in Cantonese
Other Titles: 從「附加」到「主觀評價」-粵語助詞「埋」的語法化過程
Authors: 左靄雲
Chor, Winnie
Keywords: 方向助詞;粵語;「埋」;語法化;主觀化
directional particle;Cantonese;MAAI;grammaticalization;subjectification
Date: 2010-12
Issue Date: 2016-08-11 11:35:19 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本文探討粵語助詞「埋」的語法化過程。「埋」作為趨向動詞表示「接近」、「靠攏」。通過語法化過程,「埋」成為一個表「朝向」的方向助詞,附於動詞後。其後,「埋」發展成有量化功能的助詞,表「附加」,並進一步語法化為賦有主觀色彩評價的標記,表明說話人對句中的直接賓語持負面評價。「埋」的語法化過程中涉及數個語用機制,包括語用推斷(pragmatic inferencing)及主觀化(subjectification)。本文認為「埋」有「附加」>「主觀評價」的語義演化途徑,這獲歷時語料所證實,亦有跨語言的證據所支持。
This paper explores the grammaticalization of the verbal particle maai in Cantonese. Originally a verb of movement meaning ‘approach/get close to’ a reference point, maai has undergone grammaticalization to become a directional particle meaning ‘towards’. It then developed into an additive quantifier meaning ‘also/as well’, and has further been reinterpreted as an evaluative marker, marking the speaker’s negative evaluation of the object of the verb to which maai is suffixed. A number of pragmatic processes are involved in maai’s grammaticalization, in particular pragmatic inferencing and subjectification. The evolutionary pathway ‘addition’ > ‘subjective evaluation’ is attested by historical data and is also supported by cross-linguistic evidence.
Relation: 臺灣語言學期刊, 8(2), 33-62
Taiwan Journal of Linguistics
Data Type: article
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Appears in Collections:[台灣語言學期刊 THCI Core ] 期刊論文

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