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Title: Non-Disposal "Ka" in Taiwan Southern Min
Other Titles: 台灣閩南語中非表處置意的 Ka
Authors: 林惠玲
Lin, Huei-Ling
Keywords: 台灣閩南語;ka 字句;受事者;標的;來源;受惠者;受害者
Taiwan Southern Min;ka-construction;patient;goal;source;benefactive;adversative
Date: 2016-01
Issue Date: 2016-08-11 12:00:54 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 台灣閩南語的 ka 字除了引導受事者外,尚可引導標的、來源、受惠者、受\r 害者論旨。受事者、標的、來源 ka 字句的 ka 名詞組與動後受詞語意相關。\r 另外,與受事者 ka 字句相較之下,標的、來源 ka 字句通常除主詞外,動 詞尚需二論元。而受惠者/受害者 ka 字句與其他 ka 字句不同處在於,受惠 者/受害者論元常為非必要論元。本文討論的對象為非表處置意的 ka 字句。\r 本文採用 Lin (2010)就處置意 ka 字句所提出的分析法來解釋標的/來源 ka 字句的結構。另外,受惠與受害 ka 字句語意相關,並且有相同的結構。這\r 四類非表處置意的 ka 字句中,兩類(標的、來源)跟表處置意 ka 字句有\r 相同的結構,而受惠者/受害者 ka 字句則有其獨有的結構。
In addition to denoting disposal, ka in Taiwan Southern Min has other functions such as introducing goal, source, benefactive, and adversative. Like the disposal ka-construction, the ka NP in goal/source ka constructions is semantically related to the postverbal object. Compared with the disposal ka-construction, goal/source ka-constructions sometimes require one more postverbal argument. As for benefactive/adversative ka-constructions, they differ from the other ka-constructions in that the benefactive/adversative argument is often optional. This paper discusses the non-disposal ka constructions, and it argues that Lin’s (2010) account of the disposal ka-construction can be applied to account for goal/source ka-constructions. The benefactive ka-construction and the adversative ka-construction are semantically related, and they also have the same structure. To sum up, among the four types of non-disposal ka construction, two of them (goal and source) are argued to have the same structure as that for a disposal ka-construction, and the benefactive/adversative ka-constructions have their own distinctive structure.
Relation: 臺灣語言學期刊, 14(1), 1-28
Taiwan Journal of Linguistics
Data Type: article
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Appears in Collections:[台灣語言學期刊 THCI Core ] 期刊論文

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