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|Other Titles:||A Few Issues on the Study of the Xunzi|
Xunzi;Mencius;Confucianism;Warring States’ Chinese Thought
|Issue Date:||2016-08-11 15:10:44 (UTC+8)|
This essay seeks some effective ways to analyze the content and context in which Xunzi’s thought has taken into form and attempts to present author’s own perspective in which we might more appropriately evaluate, positively or negatively, the historical significance of Xunzi’s thought. As a synthetic Confucian thinker at the eve of the Warring States period, Xunzi’s thought reveals its characteristics in the following three aspects. First, Xunzi’s synthesis of the preceding various Warring States’ thoughts must not be regarded as merely a mosaic, but a highly integrated synthesis that was perhaps the most perfect among other thoughts of his time. Second, Xunzi’s argument on human nature is no less subjective than that of Mencius in the sense that both emphasized the practice of Confucian moral value and set the same ultimate realm (i.e., Confucian sagehood) to achieve. The main difference between them is that Xunzi tried to show the different starting point from Mecnius’. Xunzi argued that the moral practice must be set out on the basis of the thorough negation of the self which would be always in danger to become evil. And third, it is highly unlikely that Xunzi’s thought critically influenced the formation of the Legalism of his time (e.g., Han Fei and Li Si’s Legalist theories), because Xunzi presented his firm belief in moral values after he incorporated the Legalist theories antedating his thought. Yet, Xunzi’s political theory may have facilitated the advent of the powerful political regime in the following history. In the last part, the essay concludes with pointing out that amid of the overwhelming intellectual strand of synthesis, Xunzi’s thought has achieved its almost highest level of integration which Confucianism and other schools of thought were directed to reach. The integration by Xunzi was relatively successful compared to the case of the Lüshi chunqiu and the Huainanzi.
|Relation:||政治大學哲學學報, 11, 85-110|
The national Chengchi university philosophical
|Appears in Collections:||[政治大學哲學學報 THCI Core] 期刊論文|
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