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Title: 康德、胡塞爾和謝勒在倫理學建基問題上的爭執
Other Titles: The Dispute of Kant, Husserl and Scheler Regarding the Foundation of Ethics
Authors: 張偉
Keywords: 理性先天;情感先天;倫理學的建基;康德;胡塞爾
Rational a Priori;Emotional a Priori;the Foundation of Ethics;I. Kant;E. Husserl
Date: 2012-07
Issue Date: 2016-08-11 16:07:58 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 藉由倫理學開端上的初始爭論人們可以追問:倫理學究竟建基於理性或是情感?在康德倫理學中,通過道德判斷原則和道德執行原則的區分,他規定了理性和情感在倫理學中各自的功能,並且最終堅持倫理學的理性先天原則。然而,胡塞爾和謝勒卻宣稱,康德沒有認清情感領域中的先天本質法則性。相對於康德,他們通過質料先天理論揭示了情感領域中的先天性。但與胡塞爾繼續高舉理性大旗,終而將倫理學視為「第二哲學」不同,謝勒張揚了情感的獨立性、原本性,並將其倫理學建基於此種先天-情感之上,據此堅持了現象學倫理學的絕對的、第一性地位。
Due to the dispute on the origin of ethics, one can ask such a question, whether ethics is grounded on reason or feeling/emotion. In Kant’s ethics, he determined the functions of reason and feeling/emotion in ethics by the distinction of the principle of judgment of morality and the principle of execution of morality, and eventually held to a principle of “rational a priori”. However, Husserl and Scheler believed that Kant disregarded the a priori essential laws of feeling. In contrast with Kant, they revealed the a priori in the fields of feeling/emotion by the theory of material a priori. Husserl held the flag of reason high and finally regarded ethics as “secondary philosophy”. But Scheler did not follow him. He revealed the independence and primacy of feeling/emotion, and founded his ethics on the apriori-emotion. Thus, he held on the absolute, primary status of the phenomenological ethics.
Relation: 政治大學哲學學報, 28, 131-180
The national Chengchi university philosophical
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[政治大學哲學學報 THCI Core] 期刊論文

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