Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/100989


Title: 有關大陸知識產權司法體制改革的思考
Authors: 張玉瑞;韓秀成
Keywords: 知識產權;司法體制改革
Date: 2008-10
Issue Date: 2016-08-31 16:36:20 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 大陸知識產權確權行政訴訟,存在著法院知識產權庭、行政庭管轄相衝突問題——以「民事糾紛在先」為界限,將知識產權確權行政訴訟分為無民事糾紛在先、有民事糾紛在先的,分別由行政庭、知識產權庭兩個系統審理。專利復審委員會和商標評審委員會,要作為所有行政確權訴訟的被告。主要發達國家的歷史結論和立法、措施建議為:確立知識產權庭、知識產權法院的專業管轄;知識產權確權行政案件,有一方當事人的,行政機關不作被告;從用戶觀點出發,構築法院和行政機關的和諧關係,減少審級。 大陸知識產權執法(指地方專利、商標、版權等機關在管理、行政執法活動)中產生的行政訴訟,行政機關也一律作為被告。其結果是行政機關行政執法的積極性受傷害,在客觀上削弱了國家對知識產權的管理能力。引入當事人訴訟制度,有助於解決這一問題。\r 所謂「大知識產權審判格局」,指設立了知識產權庭的地方,有關知識產權的民事、行政、刑事案件,由知識產權庭統一審理,以達到統一、穩定、準確要求。考察世界知識產權司法制度的歷史、現狀會發現:以知識產權司法審判工作的專業化為旗幟,形成大知識產權審判格局,歷史趨勢。
In the mainland of China, defendants in patent or trademark infringement cases usually go to the patent or trademark office to ask plaintiff’s patent or trademark void; according to the administritive procedure law the patent or trademark office have to go to the Beijing Court to defense their administritive decisions. The years past,so many cases pile up. Same situations appear in the IP Law administritive enforcement: if a administritive office solve a IP infringement case, it must be ready to go to the administritive court to defense. The way to solve the problem is to introduce the INTER PARTIES litigation. Inside the courts, IP Cases jurisdiction also artificially divided into the IP case division or administritive case division, the standards of review for civil or administritive cases are different. The way to solve the problem is to enable the IP case division to handle all IP cases even criminal cases.
Relation: 政大智慧財產評論, 6(2), 1-14
NCCU Intellectual Property Review
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[智慧財產評論] 期刊論文

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