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Title: Confucianism and Democratic Values in Three Chinese Societies
Authors: 張佑宗;朱雲漢;蔡自強
Chang, Yu-Tzung;Chu, Yun-Han;Tsai, Frank
Keywords: democratic values;Confucian values;modernization;survey research;political culture
Date: 2005-12
Issue Date: 2016-10-25 15:56:10 (UTC+8)
Abstract: Since the third wave of democratization reached East Asia in the 1990s, whether the new democracies of East Asia could consolidate their democracies has been an issue of interest. While proponents of Asian values pointed to the cultural specificity of Confucian political culture and argued that democratic values may not truly take root in East Asia, proponents of modernization theory saw democratic values as the natural outcome of economic development. This study aims to ground this debate in an empirical study of Confucian and democratic value orientations in three Chinese societies: mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. We develop indices based on survey research measuring Confucian and democratic values, and use these to analyze their distribution across the three Chinese societies. We also use them in conjunction with a multivariate analysis to uncover the causal structural relationship between Confucian values and democratic values. Our results show that Confucian values have a negative influence on democratic values and vice versa, but also show that modernization is a strong contributor to democratic consciousness. There are grounds for optimism for the future of democracy in Chinese societies, as education has an important role in the development of democratic consciousness, and these will continue to dampen Confucian values in line with modernization.
Relation: Issues & Studies,41(4),1-33
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[Issues & Studies] 期刊論文

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