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Title: 地球温暖化問題をめぐる日本の対策--運輸部門を中心に 日本對全球暖化問題的因應對策--以運輸部門為中心
Other Titles: 日本對全球暖化問題的因應對策--以運輸部門為中心(Japan's Measures Against Global Warming in the Transportation Sector)
Authors: 呂建良
Keywords: 日本;全球暖化;京都議定書;運輸部門;Japan;global warming;the Kyoto Protocol;transportation sector
Date: 2012-03
Issue Date: 2016-12-02 16:53:55 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 産業革命以降、人類の経済活動は石油化学エネルギーを大量に使用しており、大気中の温室効果ガス(主にCO2)の濃度が急速に上昇し、地球温暖化現象がますます顕著になったため、人類の生存と発展に深刻な課題をもたらしている。世界各国を見渡すと、運輸部 門は常に石油化学エネルギーの主要消費産業の一つであり、日本のCO2 排出量からしても、運輸部門が2 割を占め、うち自動車が9 割を占めていることから、日本政府は同部門(特に自動車)のCO2 排出量削減を非常に重視している。自動車のCO2 排出量を削減するため、日本政府は、新しいエネルギー消費標準の制定、租税措置によるエコカーの奨励、高度交通システムの採用等を積極的に進め、現在、運輸部門のCO2 排出量削減策においては、すでに初歩的な成果が見られている。 自工業革命以來,人類的經濟活動大量使用石化能源,已使得大氣中溫室氣體(以二氧化碳為主)的濃度急速增加,造成愈來愈明顯的全球暖化現象,也為人類的生存與發展帶來嚴峻的挑戰。環顧世界各國,運輸部門一直是石化能源的重要消費部門之一。在日本的二氧化碳排放來源中,交通運輸便占兩成,其中汽車的排放占9成,因此日本政府相當重視交通運輸部門(尤其針對汽車)的排碳減量。為了抑制汽車排放二氧化碳,日本政府積極制定新油耗標準、以租稅手段推廣節能車種、採用智慧型運輸系統,並且發展「新一代汽車」。目前,日本在運輸部門減少排放二氧化碳的政策已經見到了初步成效。
Hu Jintao's military leading group has been kept at its strong power base. Hu still trusts people who belongs same group with Jiang Zemin era and has assigned them to the important posts in the Central Military Commission. The main interests of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) are enlarging a important point of their strategic task from power to win the war to talent for carrying out stratagem. Military new role 'historical mission' gave them more powerful role in politics. The distinctive feature of political work is to put in a good amount of effort to making rules and regulations. China's Taiwan policy has changed from 'early reunification' to 'anti-independent'. After Beijing addressed their policy to safeguard their interests concerning sovereignty, national security and development, the U.S.-China military confrontation became very obvious in 2010. However, CPC' central showed their strong initiative to solve this problem as Hu Jintao directly managed to improve relationship with U.S. At the fifth Plenary Session of the 17th CPC Central Committee, it was referred to the importance of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and adjusted its hard-line foreign policy. The top post in Committee of Border and Coastal Defense comes from military and Combat Operation Command team at the General Staff Department of the PLA takes charge of its operation to maintain its power in the coastal defense policy.
Relation: 問題と研究,41(1),115-141
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[問題と研究] 期刊論文

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