Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/106910


Title: 中國新生代農民工支出之型態與影響因素
Expenditure patterns and determinants of the new-generation migrant workers in China
Authors: 柯得祥
Ke, De Siang
Contributors: 蘇昱璇
Su, Yu Hsuan
柯得祥
Ke, De Siang
Keywords: 農民工
新生代
支出影響因素
ELES
Migrant worker
New-generation
Expenditure patterns
ELES
Date: 2017
Issue Date: 2017-03-01 17:19:51 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 農民工是中國改革開放過程中因為城鎮化、工業化所產生的流動人口群體,由於政府當局對於戶口遷移的嚴格控制,使中國農民工在農村與城市工作崗位間候鳥式往返,出現異於其他國家人口遷移的群體特徵。而新生代農民工研究則是傳統農民工研究在新階段的延續和發展,過去文獻指出,新生代農民工對農村的歸屬感不如傳統農民工強烈,且追求在城市中長期穩定的生活。
本論文探討新生代農民工及其參照群體——「傳統農民工」與「新生代城鎮居民」——的消費行為有何差異,並使用ELES擴展線性支出系統模型來估計新生代農民工及其參照群體的邊際消費傾向。研究結果顯示,與新生代城鎮居民相比,新生代農民工住房支出較高、成人教育培訓支出較低,可能使他們在未來的職涯發展面臨更大挑戰。而邊際消費傾向分析結果指出,新生代農民工和新生代城鎮居民的邊際消費傾向明顯高於傳統世代的居民,尤其是在購房租房方面支出的邊際消費傾向較高,凸顯出目前新生代居民普遍面臨的家庭支出壓力。在支出影響因素的分析部分,研究結果指出家庭人數愈多的家庭明顯有更多的子女教育支出;房屋產權擁有者的性別對於家庭消費支出也有很大的影響,男性產權擁有者的家庭會花費較多於購、建、租房支出,而女性產權擁有者的家庭則會提高子女教育支出;另外參與社會保險則有助於平滑家庭中的消費支出項目,顯著增加耐用消費品、文化休閒娛樂支出、非個人自付醫療支出、購買生產資料支出等支出之可能性。
Migrant workers in China is a group of floating population generated by the urbanization and industrialization from the reform and opening-up policy. Unlike migration in other countries, migrant workers in China migrate back and forth between rural hometowns and workplaces in cities because of the strict Hukou restrictions. Research in new-generation migrant workers is a new progression of traditional migrant worker studies. Existing literature has indicated that the new-generation migrant workers do not have much sense of belonging like traditional migrant workers, but they pursue a long-term and stable city life instead.
This thesis attempts to identify the differences of consumption behavior between new-generation migrant workers and their reference groups, the traditional migrant workers and the new-generation urban residents. The Extended Linear Expenditure System (ELES) model is also applied to compute the marginal propensity to consume (MPC). Results show that new-generation migrant workers spend more on housing but less on vocational training than new-generation urban residents, and the lower expense on vocational training may bring more challenges to new-generation migrant workers for their careers in the future. The ELES results show that the new-generation migrant workers and urban residents have much higher MPC than the traditional generation, especially in housing, which highlights the heavy burden faced by the new generation. The findings of the determinants of expenditures show that bigger families spend more on children’s education. Male property ownership is associated with higher spending on housing, and female property ownership with higher children’s education. Social security program participation also helps achieve consumption smoothing in a family and increases the possibility of consuming durable goods, leisure and entertainment expense, non-personal medical deductibles and means of production expenses.
Reference: Besley, T., & Ghatak, M. (2009). Property Rights and Economic Development. In D. Rodrik & M. R. Rosenzweig (Eds.), Handbook of Development Economics (5th ed., Vol. 5, pp. 4525–4592). Elsevier.
Blundell, R., Pistaferri, L., & Preston, I. (2008). Consumption inequality and partial insurance. American Economic Review, 98(5), 1887–1891.
Chou, S.-Y., Liu, J.-T., & Hammitt, J. K. (2003). National Health Insurance and precautionary saving: evidence from Taiwan. Journal of Public Economics, 87(9), 1873–1894.
Deaton, A. S., & Muellbauer, J. (1980). An almost ideal demand system. The American Economic Review, 70(3), 312–326.
Deaton, A. S., Ruiz-Castillo, J., & Thomas, D. (1989). The Influence of Household Composition on Household Expenditure Patterns: Theory and Spanish Evidence. The Journal of Political Economy, 97(1), 179–200.
Duan, C., & Ma, X. (2011). A Study on the New Situation of the Younger Generation of Farmer-turned Migrant Workers in China. Population & Economics, 4, 16–22.
Duflo, E. (2012). Women empowerment and economic development. Journal of Economic Literature, 50(4), 1051–1079.
Engel, E. (1857). Die produktions-und konsumptionsverhältnisse des königreichs sachsen. Zeitschrift Des Statistischen Bureaus Des Königlich Sächsischen Ministeriums Des Innern, 8, 1–54.
Engen, E. M., & Gruber, J. (2001). Unemployment insurance and precautionary saving. Journal of Monetary Economics, 47(3), 545–579.
Galiani, S., & Schargrodsky, E. (2010). Property rights for the poor: Effects of land titling. Journal of Public Economics, 94(9), 700–729.
Gruber, J., & Yelowitz, A. (1997). Public health insurance and private savings (RPRT). National Bureau of Economic Research.
Hoddinott, J., & Haddad, L. (1995). Does female income share influence household expenditures? Evidence from Côte d’Ivoire. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 57(1), 77–96.
Houthakker, H. S. (1957). An International Comparison of Household Expenditure Patterns, Commemorating the Centenary of Engel’s Law. Econometrica, 25(4), 532–551.
Hubbard, R. G., & Judd, K. L. (1987). Social security and individual welfare: precautionary saving, borrowing constraints, and the payroll tax. The American Economic Review, 630–646.
Jones, G. W. (2007). Delayed marriage and very low fertility in Pacific Asia. Population and Development Review, 33(3), 453–478.
Kantor, S. E., & Fishback, P. V. (1996). Precautionary saving, insurance, and the origins of workers’ compensation. Journal of Political Economy, 419–442. JOUR.
Lazear, E. P., & Michael, R. T. (1980). Family Size and the Distribution of Per Capita Income. The American Economic Review, 70(1), 91–107.
Li, P., & Li, W. (2007). Economic status and social attitudes of migrant workers in China. China & World Economy, 15(4), 1–16.
Lluch, C. (1973). The extended linear expenditure system. European Economic Review, 4(1), 21–32.
Lluch, C., & Williams, R. (1975). Consumer demand systems and aggregate consumption in the USA: An application of the extended linear expenditure system. Canadian Journal of Economics, 49–66.
Lundberg, S. J., Pollak, R. A., & Wales, T. J. (1997). Do husbands and wives pool their resources? Evidence from the United Kingdom child benefit. Journal of Human Resources, 463–480.
Nelson, J. A. (1988). Household economies of scale in consumption: Theory and evidence. Econometrica, 56(6), 1301–1314.
Phipps, S. A., & Burton, P. S. (1998). What’s mine is yours? The influence of male and female incomes on patterns of household expenditure. Economica, 65(260), 599–613.
Soberon-Ferrer, H., & Dardis, R. (1991). Determinants of household expenditures for services. Journal of Consumer Research, 385–397.
Wang, S.-Y. (2013). Marriage networks, nepotism, and labor market outcomes in china. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 5(3), 91–112.
Wang, S.-Y. (2014). Property rights and intra-household bargaining. Journal of Development Economics, 107, 192–201.
Wu, X., & Treiman, D. J. (2004). The Household Registration System and Social Stratification in China: 1955-1996. Demography, 41(2), 363–384.
Zhang, J. (2007). A DID analysis of the impact of health insurance reform in the city of Hangzhou. Health Economics, 16(12), 1389–1402.
中國國家統計局(2015)2014年全國農民工監測調查報告。
方匡南、章紫藝(2013)社會保障對城鄉家庭消費的影響研究。統計研究,3,51–58。
王春光(2001)新生代農村流動人口的社會認同與城鄉融合的關係。社會學研究,3,1,73。
王興周(2008)新生代農民工的群體特性探析—以珠江三角洲為例。廣西民族大學學報:哲學社會科學版,30,4,51–56。
白重恩、李宏彬、吳斌珍(2012)醫療保險與消費:來自新型農村合作醫療的證據。經濟研究,2,41–53。
全國總工會新生代農民工問題課題組(2010)全國總工會關於新生代農民工問題研究報告。工人日報,pp。6–21。
吳紅宇、謝國強(2006)新生代農民工的特徵,利益訴求及角色變遷—基於東莞塘廈鎮的調查分析。南方人口,21,2,21–31。
李桂芳、陳宗玄、朱瑞淵(2009)台灣家庭外食消費支出影響因素之世代分析。碩士論文。朝陽科技大學。
李培林、田豐(2011)中國新生代農民工: 社會態度和行為選擇。社會,31,3,1–23。
沈蕾、田敬傑(2012)上海新生代農民工消費結構分析。消費經濟,4,48–52。
周偉文、侯建華(2010)新生代農民工階層: 城市化與婚姻的雙重困境—S市新生代農民工婚姻狀況調查分析。社會科學論壇,(18),151–159。
周葆華、呂舒寧(2011)上海市新生代農民工新媒體使用與評價的實證研究。新聞大學,2,145–150。
林俊妤、朱瑞淵、陳宗玄(2009)台灣家庭國外旅遊支出影響因素之研究 - 世代分析之應用。碩士論文。朝陽科技大學。
孫超驥、郭興方(2010)新生代農民工的消費行為研究。價格月刊,11,85–88。
高穎、吳昊(2012)人口流遷對北京市平均初婚年齡的影響。人口研究,36,5,58–68。
張雨林(1984)縣屬鎮的農民工: 吳江縣的調查。社會學通訊,1。
符平、唐有財(2009)倒 “U” 型軌跡與新生代農民工的社會流動。浙江社會科學,12,41–47。
許傳新(2007)新生代農民工的身份認同及影響因素分析。學術探索,3,58–62。
閆超(2012)基於社會認同視角的新生代農民工炫耀性消費行為影響機理研究。博士學位論文。長春吉林大學。
陳昭玖、艾勇波、鄧瑩、朱紅根(2011)新生代農民工就業穩定性及其影響因素的實證分析。江西農業大學學報:社會科學版,10,1,6–12。
陳藝妮、金曉彤、田敏(2014)我國新生代農民工消費問題的研究述評與展望。Consumer Economics,30,3。
楊春華(2010)關於新生代農民工問題的思考。思想政治工作研究,3,17–19。
賈小玫、冉淨斐(2004)農村社會保障制度與消費需求增長的實證分析。科學。經濟。社會,22,2,52–55。
劉妮娜、張汝飛(2013)新生代流動人口家庭消費水準與消費結構研究。Consumer Economics,29,6,31–34。
劉傳江(2010)新生代農民工的特點,挑戰與市民化。人口研究,2,34–39。
劉懷廉(2005)中國農民工問題。
謝培熙、朱豔(2011)新生代農民工消費研究述評。河海大學學報:哲學社會科學版,13,4,59–62。
韓靜軒、馬力、苗麗安(2001)我國城鎮居民消費需求結構計量經濟分析。大連理工大學學報:社會科學版,22,3,14–18。
簡新華、張建偉(2007)從農民到農民工再到市民——中國農村剩餘勞動力轉移的過程和特點分析。中國地質大學學報:社會科學版,7,6,12–18。
羅霞、王春光(2003)新生代農村流動人口的外出動因與行動選擇。浙江社會科學,1,109–113。
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
國家發展研究所
103261018
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0103261018
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[國家發展研究所] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormat
101801.pdf3511KbAdobe PDF7View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing