政大學術集成


Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/108125


Title: 日本能源治理之研究: 以311東日本震災前後之能源政策比較
A study on Japan's energy governance: a comparison of Japan's energy policies before and after the March 11 east Japan earthquake
Authors: 胡佳宜
Hu, Jia Yi
Contributors: 林義鈞
Lin, Yi Jun
胡佳宜
Hu, Jia Yi
Keywords: 311東日本大震災
日本能源治理
日本能源政策
全球能源治理
Fukushima
Japan's energy governance
Japan's energy policy
Global energy governance
Date: 2017
Issue Date: 2017-04-05 15:38:08 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 全球能源消費大國之中,日本的低能源蘊藏量以及高能源利用率常引起多方研究。本文從蒐集並整理日本戰後至2011年間的能源政策、比較311前後兩個執政黨(民主黨、自民黨)的能源政策立場,到探究日本於311後能源政策轉折的方向及原因、並且進一步推敲出日本的能源治理模式。因此發現,日本在二戰之後就開始運用一系列的政策手段與能源市場干預途徑,突破低能源蘊藏量之先天不利條件,達到高能源利用率之後天技術優勢所創造的經濟成長。而當日本經歷2011年3月11日東日本大震災後,政府更強烈介入能源市場,希望進行能源結構的轉型,使得日本得以維持能源高自主率與溫室氣體低排放率的目標。本文因此結論,日本雖然身為能源匱乏國,但是它的能源政策充分體現出了國家介入能源市場由上而下治理模式的特性,使得日本得以突破能源約束,在諸多能源不利之條件下開創了近半世紀的經濟高度發展期。此外,本文亦結論日本於全球能源治理的角色可以歸納為三:(1)全球溫室氣體減量暨全球能源安全提升的追隨者;(2)區域性能源合作的示範者;(3)全球核能安全建立的示範者等三種角色。
Japan is noted for its low energy endowment but high energy efficiency among the global top energy consuming nations. In this study, collection of the past Japanese energy policies from 1945 to 2011, comparison of the political stances on the energy strategies between the two Japanese ruling parties, Liberal Democratic Party and The Democratic Party, and investigation on factors causing a change of Japan’s energy policy post Fukushima contributed to outlining the pattern of Japan’s energy governance. This study found that Japan’s intervening in its the post-war domestic energy market by means of a string of policy instruments has successfully made Japan overcome the predicament of high energy demands out of low energy reserves, further achieve the edge of high energy efficiency, and therefore create its outstanding economic growth. Nevertheless, after experiencing another energy predicament post Fukushima, Japan made more effort on the intervention into its energy market to transform its domestic energy consumption structure with a view to maintaining high energy self-sufficient rates and low GHGs emissions. To conclude, although Japan is a nation of insufficient energy resources, its energy policies reveal the trait that the state intervenes in the energy market by the top-down governance approach to make its way to break through the energy constraints, creating a nearly half-century’s economic prosperity. Besides, we also conclude that Japan plays three major roles in the domain of global energy governance: 1. a follower of global GHGs emission abatement and global energy security enhancement, 2. a demonstrator on regional energy cooperation and, 3. a model of building global nuclear power safety.
Reference: 參考文獻
中文
專書
尹晓亮,2011,《战后日本能源政策》。中國:社会科学文献出版社。
期刊
尹晓亮,2011,〈日本规避能源约束的政策策略 [J]〉。《南开学报》 6: 37-46。
李世暉、郭國興,2011,〈日本政黨輪替思維之探析-兼論民主黨的角色與定位〉。《問題與研究》 50(1): 1-33.
鍾京佑,2006,〈全球治理與國際建制:行為主體與行為模式〉。《國際關係學報卷》21: 113-139.
博、碩士論文
大澤順子,2003),《日本能源政策之研究》。台北:國立台灣大學政治學研究所 碩士論文。
吳子維,2005,《俄羅斯遠東石油管線爭議案之研究—國內、決策層次分析》。台北:國立政治大學俄羅斯研究所 碩士論文。
網站資料
評析日本京都議定書執行對策,《國政研究報告》,財團法人國家政策研究基金會,2002。2016年4月11日、http://old.npf.org.tw/PUBLICATION/SD/091/SD-R-091-018.htm


日文
小野隆. (1976). 昭和 50 年代におけるエネルギー安定化政策. 燃料協会誌, 55(8), 648-655. 2016年4月11日、https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jie1922/55/8/55_8_648/_article/-char/ja/
山口聡. (2007). 電力自由化の成果と課題--欧米と日本の比較. 調査と情報, (595), 1-11.
外務省. (2010). “京都議定書に関する日本の立場” . 外務省. 2010年12月、http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/gaiko/kankyo/kiko/kp_pos_1012.html
国土交通省. (2013). “運輸部門における地球温暖化対策”. 囯土交通省. 2013年9月27日、
http://www.meti.go.jp/committee/summary/0004000/pdf/038_01_00.pdf
和田洋典. (2007). “日本型資本主義論の新たな視座 (1)─ 資本主義の多様性とグローバリゼーションの観点から─”. 一橋法学, 6(2), 981-1012. 
柏木孝夫. (2015). 1. “電力自由化とスマートコミュニティの行方 (< 小特集> 最新の情報通信技術から見たインフラ統合社会と今後の展開-スマートコミュニティ実現のためのインフラはどうあるべきか-)”. 電子情報通信学会誌, 98(2), 94-98.
経済産業省. (2002). “エネルギー政策基本法”. 経済産業省2002. 2016年4月11日、 http://law.e-gov.go.jp/htmldata/H14/H14HO071.html
経済産業省. (2006). “新・国家エネルギー戦略”. 経済産業省2006. 2016年4月11日、http://www.enecho.meti.go.jp/category/saving_and_new/next_generation/pdf/senryaku-youyaku.pdf (要約版)
経済産業省. (2010 ). “エネルギー基本計画”. 経済産業省2010. 2010年6月、http://www.meti.go.jp/committee/summary/0004657/energy.pdf
経済産業省. (2014). “エネルギー基本計画”. 経済産業省2014. 2014年4月、 http://www.meti.go.jp/press/2014/04/20140411001/20140411001-1.pdf
資源エネルギー庁. (2013). “エネルギー白書’. 資源エネルギー庁2013.
http://www.enecho.meti.go.jp/about/whitepaper/2013html/
資源エネルギー庁. (2014). “エネルギー白書’. 資源エネルギー庁2014.
http://www.enecho.meti.go.jp/about/whitepaper/2014html/
資源エネルギー庁. (2015). “エネルギー白書’. 資源エネルギー庁2015.
http://www.enecho.meti.go.jp/about/whitepaper/2015html/
環境省. (2012). “エネルギー・環境に関する選択肢”. 環境省2012. 2016年7月11日、http://www.env.go.jp/council/06earth/y060-110/mat01_2.pdf
環境省. (2012). “革新的エネルギー・環境戦略”. 環境省2012. 2016年7月11日、https://www.env.go.jp/council/06earth/y060-111/mat01_1.pdf


英文
APERC. (2007). A Quest for Energy Security in the 21st Century. Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre Report (2007). Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://aperc.ieej.or.jp/file/2010/9/26/APERC_2007_A_Quest_for_Energy_Security.pdf
Dubash, N. K., & Florini, A. (2011). Mapping global energy governance. Global Policy, 2(s1), 6-18.
Duffield, J. S., & Woodall, B. (2011). Japan's new basic energy plan. Energy Policy, 39(6), 3741-3749.
Eguchi, Y. (1980). Japanese energy policy. International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), 56(2), 263-279.
Elliott, D. (2012). Fukushima: impacts and implications. Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://www.palgraveconnect.com/pc/polintstud2013/browse/inside/9781137274335.html#page=0
EIA (Energy Information Administration), US Department of Energy. (2011). Japan Energy Data, Statistics and Analysis. March.
Energy, U. N. (2006). Energy in the United Nations: An Overview of UN-Energy Activities. United Nations, 49.
Finkelstein, L. S. (1995). What is global governance?. Global governance, 367-372.
Florini, A., & Sovacool, B. K. (2009). Who governs energy? The challenges facing global energy governance. Energy Policy, 37(12), 5239-5248.
Florini, A., & Sovacool, B. K. (2011). Bridging the gaps in global energy governance. Global governance: a review of multilateralism and international organizations, 17(1), 57-74.
Goldthau, A., & Witte, J. (2009). Back to the future or forward to the past? Strengthening markets and rules for effective global energy governance. International Affairs, 85(2), 373-390.
Goldthau, A., & Witte, J. M. (Eds.). (2010). Global energy governance: The new rules of the game. Brookings Institution Press.
Greenpeace (2012). Lessons From Fukushima. Greenpeace report and press release, February. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://www.greenpeace.org/international/Global/international/publications/nuclear/2012/Fukushima/Lessons-from-Fukushima.pdf
Hayashi, M., & Hughes, L. (2013). The Fukushima nuclear accident and its effect on global energy security. Energy Policy, 59, 102-111.
Hook, G. D., & Dobson, H. (Eds.). (2007). Global governance and Japan: the institutional architecture (Vol. 7). Routledge.
Hook, G. D. (Ed.). (2010). Decoding boundaries in contemporary Japan: the Koizumi administration and beyond. Routledge.
Huenteler, J., Schmidt, T. S., & Kanie, N. (2012). Japan's post-Fukushima challenge–implications from the German experience on renewable energy policy. Energy Policy, 45, 6-11.
Ida, T., Takemura, K., & Sato, M. (2015). Inner conflict between nuclear power generation and electricity rates: A Japanese case study. Energy Economics,48, 61-69.
IEA. (2013). World Energy Outlook. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/pressmedia/recentpresentations/londonnovember12.pdf
Intharak, N., Julay, J. H., Nakanishi, S., Matsumoto, T., Sahid, E. J. M., Aquino, A. G. O., & Aponte, A. A. (2007). A quest for energy security in the 21st century. Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre Report.
Keohane, R. O. (2012). Twenty years of institutional liberalism. International Relations, 26(2), 125-138.
Kirton, J. (2009). A Committed Contributor: Japan in G8 and G20 governance.Japan (Still) Matters: What Role in the World.
Krasner, S. D. (1983). International regimes. Cornell University Press.
Krooth, R., Edelson, M., & Fukurai, H. (2015). Nuclear Tsunami: The Japanese Government and America's Role in the Fukushima Disaster. Lexington Books.
Kruyt, B., van Vuuren, D. P., De Vries, H. J. M., & Groenenberg, H. (2009). Indicators for energy security. Energy Policy, 37(6), 2166-2181.
Kuramochi, T. (2015). Review of energy and climate policy developments in Japan before and after Fukushima. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 43, 1320-1332.
Lau, L. C., Tan, K. T., Lee, K. T., & Mohamed, A. R. (2009). A comparative study on the energy policies in Japan and Malaysia in fulfilling their nations’ obligations towards the Kyoto Protocol. Energy Policy, 37(11), 4771-4778.
Lesage, D., Van de Graaf, T., & Westphal, K. (2009). The G8's role in global energy governance since the 2005 Gleneagles summit. Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations, 15(2), 259-277.
Lesage, D., Van de Graaf, T., & Westphal, K. (Eds.). (2010). Global energy governance in a multipolar world. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd..
Lin. (2017). State Capitalism and Chinese Food Security Goverance. Japanese Journal of Political Science. (forthcoming)
Lord, R., Goldberg, S., & Rajamani, L. (Eds.). (2011). Climate change liability: transnational law and practice. Cambridge University Press.
Löschel, A., Moslener, U., & Rübbelke, D. T. (2010). Indicators of energy security in industrialised countries. Energy Policy, 38(4), 1665-1671.
Lugg, A., & Hong, M. (Eds.). (2010). Energy Issues in the Asia-Pacific Region(Vol. 2). Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
March, J. G., & Olsen, J. P. (1989). Rediscovering institutions. The Free Press. New York
METI, J. (2010). The strategic energy plan of Japan: Meeting global challenges and securing energy futures.
METI, J. (2010). The Strategic Energy Plan of Japan. (2010) Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://www.meti.go.jp/english/press/data/pdf/20100618_08a.pdf
Minamikawa, H. (2007). Japan’s Environmental Policies. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://www.arb.ca.gov/research/seminars/japan/japan1.pdf
Moe, Espen, (2012). Vested interests, energy efficiency and renewable in Japan. Energy Policy. 40 (1), 260-273. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Espen_Moe/publication/251560845_Vested_interests_energy_efficiency_and_renewables_in_Japan/links/5543694c0cf234bdb21a6cd9.pdf
Nakano, J. (2011). Japan’s energy supply and security since the March 11 earthquake. Center for Strategic & International Studies, Commentary, 23. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://csis.org/publication/japans-energy-supply-and-security-march-11-earthquake
Nippon Keidanren. (2007). Toward the Post 2012 International Framework on Climate Change (Tentative Translation). Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://www.keidanren. or.jp/english/policy/2007/033.pdf.
Oberthür, S., & Ott, H. E. (1999). The Kyoto Protocol: international climate policy for the 21st century. Springer.
Ralph Hambrick, Jr., (1998). Review: Building the Policy Studies Enterprise: A Work in Progress. Public Administration Review. Vol. 58, No. 6 (Nov. - Dec., 1998), 533-539 Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/977580?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Reed, M. G., & Bruyneel, S. (2010). Rescaling environmental governance, rethinking the state: A three-dimensional review. Progress in Human Geography.
Rosenau, J. N., & Czempiel, E. O. (Eds.). (1992). Governance without government: order and change in world politics (Vol. 4). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rosenau, J. N. (2003). Distant proximities: Dynamics beyond globalization. Princeton University Press,
Samuels, R. J. (2013). 3.11: Disaster and change in Japan. Cornell University Press.
Sandler, T. (1992). Collective Action: Theory and Application. The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI.
Scalise, P. J. (2012). Japanese energy policy after Fukushima. Policy Innovations.
Schneider, M., Froggatt, A., & Thomas, S. (2011). Nuclear Power in a Post-Fukushima World. Worldwatch Institute.
Smil, V. (2008). Energy in nature and society: general energetics of complex systems. MIT press.
Smil, V. (2010). Energy transitions: history, requirements, prospects. ABC-CLIO.
Sugawara, A. (1994). Nuclear power development in Japan.
Sugiyama, N., & Takeuchi, T. (2008). Local policies for climate change in Japan. The Journal of Environment & Development, 17(4), 424-441.
Takase, K., & Suzuki, T. (2011). The Japanese energy sector: current situation, and future paths. Energy Policy, 39(11), 6731-6744.
Thijs Van de Graaf. (2013). The Politics and Institutions of Global Energy Governance. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://www.palgraveconnect.com/pc/doifinder/10.1057/9781137320735.0003
UNFCCC. (2014). National greenhouse gas inventory data for the period 1990–2012. Note by the secretariat. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2014/sbi/eng/20.pdf
UNFCCC. (2016). Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://unfccc.int/essential_background/kyoto_protocol/items/1678.php
Valentine, S., Sovacool, B. K., & Matsuura, M. (2011). Empowered? Evaluating Japan's national energy strategy under the DPJ administration. Energy Policy, 39(3), 1865-1876.
Van Asselt, H., Kanie, N., & Iguchi, M. (2009). Japan’s position in international climate policy: navigating between Kyoto and the APP. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 9(3), 319-336.
Vivoda, V. (2012). Japan’s energy security predicament post-Fukushima. Energy Policy, 46, 135-143.
Vivoda, V. (2014). Energy security in Japan: challenges after Fukushima. Ashgate  Publishing, Ltd.
Von Hippel, D., Suzuki, T., Williams, J. H., Savage, T., & Hayes, P. (2011). Energy security and sustainability in Northeast Asia. Energy Policy, 39(11), 6719-6730.
WNA. (2014). Nuclear Power in Japan. Retrieved April 11, 2016, from http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/Country-Profiles/Countries-G-N/Japan/
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
國家發展研究所
100261018
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G1002610182
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of Development Studies] Theses

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormat
018201.pdf1570KbAdobe PDF293View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing