Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/112803


Title: 中國「一帶一路」倡議對「大湄公河次區域」發展的機會與挑戰:「地緣政治」與「地緣經濟」研究途徑
A Study on the potential effects of the “One Belt, One Road” Initiative in the Development of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS): Geopolitical and geo-economic perspectives
Authors: 郭佳勳
Kuo, Chia Hsun
Contributors: 王定士
Wang, Ding Shu
郭佳勳
Kuo, Chia Hsun
Keywords: 一帶一路
大湄公河次區域
地緣政治
地緣經濟
One Belt, One Road
Greater Mekong Subregion
Geopolitics
Geo-economics
Date: 2017
Issue Date: 2017-09-13 15:47:03 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 當今全球正面臨著政治、經濟、環境等多項議題的挑戰,國家為求發展及自身地位,致力於經貿或安全等面向之區域整合,惟國家間競爭行為亦從未稍歇。中國於2013年提出一帶一路倡議,企圖加強與歐亞大陸的連結,維持自身經濟發展領先地位,其中,中南半島因鄰接中國大陸,且具有重要戰略價值,是中國對外發展的首選,同時,該地區亦受到美、日、俄等強國重視。
前於1992年,亞洲開發銀行倡議大湄公河次區域合作計畫案,協助中南半島經貿發展與實質建設,中國在此機制下,與中南半島國家建立了豐富的合作經驗,亦提供了該區大量的資金與技術。隨著中國經濟實力不斷提升以及一帶一路的提出,中國持續加碼投資,欲掌握該區發展主導權並排除美日等勢力之意圖不言可喻。
惟經濟建設利多不僅為大湄公河次區域提供機會,亦將帶來些許挑戰,本研究整理一帶一路倡議對大湄公河次區域發展的機會與挑戰如下:
1.中南半島五國面臨的利益與機會:帶來更多的資金與建設、區域貿易機制變得具體可行、帶來其他強國的投資或技術合作、啟動新興產業發展契機
2.中南半島五國面臨的挑戰與威脅:過度依賴中國易受中方控制、介在強國間易不慎得罪某方、限縮政治決策上的主體性、開發對環保的影響
3.中國面臨的利益與機會:獲取能源替代路徑、讓企業走出去以維持經濟成長表現、加強西部地區開發、平衡南海爭議、提升人民幣國際化
4.中國面臨的挑戰與威脅:政治及資金方面的風險、當地種族或環保衝突、外國勢力挑戰
Today, the world is facing the challenges of politics, economic structure, climate change and so on. The countries endeavored to make integration in aspects of economy, trade and security while the competition among countries has never been in a rest. In 2013, China has proposed OBOR initiative in an attempt to strengthen ties with the Eurasian continent and to maintain its leading status in economic development. The Indochina Peninsula, due to the adjacency to China and important strategic value, was regarded as the first choice of going out by China. At the same time, this region has also been valued by other powers, such as the United States, Japan and Russia.
In 1992, the Asian Development Bank initiated the Greater Mekong Subregion Cooperation Program to assist the economic and substantial development in the Indochina Peninsula. Under this mechanism, China has established a wealth of cooperation experience with the Indochina Peninsula countries and also offered lots of funds and technology. With the continuous enhancement in economy and the implementation of OBOR, China kept on increasing investment. The intentions of hoping to dominate this region and exclude the strength of the United States and Japan are very clear.
China’s initiative may create opportunities for the region but may cause challenges as well. The potential effects of the OBOR in the development of the Greater Mekong Subregion are as follows:
1. The interests and opportunities of the five countries in the Indochina Peninsula: more money and construction being brought, to make the regional trade mechanism feasible, to gain investment or technical cooperation from other powers and to activate the development of emerging industries.
2. The challenge and threat of the five countries in the Indochina Peninsula: over-reliance on China leading to concession to China, being easy to offend certain side of the powers, to diminish the liberty of political decision-making and the impact on the environment.
3. The interests and opportunities of China: to find out alternative transport route of energy, to let the enterprises go out and to maintain economic growth, to strengthen the development of the western region, to relieve the conflict in the South China Sea and to internationalize the RMB.
4. The challenge and threat of China: political and financial risks, local race or environmental conflict and challenges from foreign powers.
Reference: English

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蘋果日報(2016年8月18日)。開發皎漂特區 納一帶一路。參照:http://hk.apple.nextmedia.com/international/art/20160818/19741111
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
103926006
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0103926006
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文

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