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Daily Activities in the Calendars of Medieval China (Ninth and Tenth centuries): The Case of the Body Care Activities
medieval China;calendar;hemerology;body care
|Issue Date:||2017-10-31 14:49:21 (UTC+8)|
Activities, what it is advisable to do or not, appear in the daily headings of Chinese calendars at the beginning of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). They have survived, thanks to documents found at Dunhuang, and are a relatively significant number of calendars, around fifty, spread over a period of time perfectly defined, from the ninth to the tenth century. The extreme abundance of divination methods used in the calendar to determine, among other, activities, leads at first to wondering about how calendars were made, with the inclusion of Japanese sources. In a second step, given the hundreds of listed activities, we try to identify the relevant category in order to make a statistical analysis over a period of some two hundred years. However, outside of this quantitative approach, how can we understand these activities that appear devoid of context? Here we take the example of body care, essentially summarized in the calendars by the expressions ＂wash the hair and the body＂ (muyu 沐浴), ＂shaved head＂ (titou 剃頭), ＂wash the head＂ (xitou 洗頭), ＂remove the white hair＂ (ba baifa 拔白髮), ＂cut the nails of hands and feet＂ (shou jian jia zu 剪手足甲). By convening diverse sources, literary, medical, religious etc., we try to answer the following questions: What were the Chinese conceptions of these activities in general and particularly in the hemerology of calendar? Is there a solution of continuity between discourses on body care and what is shown the calendar? Finally, does the calendar develop a specific discourse on the body?
|Relation:||國立政治大學歷史學報, 45, 1-59|
|Appears in Collections:||[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文|
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