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Title: 初體驗與粗體驗:台灣民眾對立委新選制的認知、參與及評價
First and Nascent Experience: Citizen's Perception, Participation, and Evaluation of the New Legislative Electoral System in Taiwan
Authors: 游清鑫
Yu, Ching-Hsin
Keywords: 複數選區單記非讓渡投票制;混合式選舉制度;政治知識;滾動調查;定群調查
SNTV-MMD;msixed member system;political knowledge;rolling poll;panel survey
Date: 2012-05
Issue Date: 2017-11-02 15:12:39 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 台灣2008年的立委選制從複數選區單記非讓渡投票制改為混合式選舉制度,面對新舊選制的差異,多數學術界的討論集中在新選制如何影響政黨或是候選人的選舉,較少探索民眾對新選制的知識以及選制知識如何影響其參與行為,本文透過選前30天的滾動調查瞭解民眾對新選制的認知程度以及在不同時間的變化情形,發現民眾對新選制的瞭解程度不算高,但隨著投票日的接近,瞭解程度也有增加的趨勢;而且民眾的年齡、教育程度、媒體接觸、政治興趣以及政黨認同等因素,與民眾對選制知識的累積有密切的關聯性。其次,由選後的定群調查發現,當民眾選制知識愈高時,也愈會在選舉時投票。再者,與原有選制相比,民眾對新選制同時有正面與負面的評價,民眾認為新選制有利於提高候選人的素質與有利台灣民主的發展,但卻會增加社會對立,其中,民眾的政黨認同是影響選制評價的重要因素,但選制知識的高低則沒有顯著關聯性。在討論與結語部分,本文提醒2008年的選舉乃是台灣民眾對新選制的第一次經驗,隨著經驗的增加,其選制知識也會跟著增加,並藉由紐西蘭選制改革的經驗以及本文的分析結果,說明政府的宣傳資訊以及政黨在選舉期間的動員策略,皆會影響民眾對新選制的認知與評價。
Taiwan has adopted a new mixed member system which carries significant differences from the long-implemented SNTV-MMD system for the election of legislators in 2008. Mainstream literature continues to discuss the electoral impacts on political parties and candidates by the new system while citizen's knowledge of the new system and its concomitant effects on citizen's behavior are less concerned. The purpose of this essay is to explore citizen's perceptions, participations and evaluations of this new system. Based on a 30-day rolling poll data, it firstly examines the distribution and change of citizen's knowledge of the new electoral system. It finds that citizen's knowledge of the new electoral system is not high. Also, citizen's knowledge is increased as election approaches when more campaign information is provided. It is followed by a discussion that citizen's age, education, media exposure, political interests, and party identification are closely associated with citizen's increase of knowledge. Then, by way of analyzing post election panel survey data, this essay makes clear that an increase of citizen's knowledge also contributes to citizen's intention to vote in election. However, citizen maintains a mixed assessment of the new electoral system that, compared with the SNTV-MMD system, the new electoral system is good for recruiting better candidates and the development of democracy but fears for causing social tensions. It also finds citizen's party identification plays a significant role in the assessment while citizen's knowledge of new system does not. In the discussion and conclusion section, it suggests a cautious perspective that citizen in Taiwan has only one experience of the new system. It is reasonable to argue that citizen's knowledge may increase as more elections are implemented under the new system. Meanwhile, based on the New Zealand experience and findings of this essay, more information of the new system, either from the government, mass media, or political parties, will contribute to citizen's knowledge of new system.
Relation: 選舉研究 , 19(1) , 1-32
Data Type: article
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