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Title: 先秦「反諸夏文化」思想之夷狄起源蠡測
Authors: 張其賢
Contributors: 政治學系
Keywords: 禮樂;反諸夏文化;「戎」;「狄」;由余;墨子;老子
rituals (li);Counter-Zhuxiaism;Rong;Di;Yu-yu;Mozi;Laozi
Date: 2013
Issue Date: 2017-12-08 14:47:13 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 對於禮樂的重視,是春秋時期「諸夏」集團之文化特點,也是此集團之文化認同的核心。然而在春秋史料中,卻存在長期被忽略的材料,顯示春秋時期「戎狄」的思想家(如由余)對於「諸夏」的禮樂觀,曾經提出批判性的看法。這些批判性看法,個人稱之為「反諸夏文化」思想。學界過去的研究一般認為:以批判禮樂為要點的「反諸夏文化」思想,其起源是內生的(endogenous),是起於「諸夏」思想家對於「諸夏」思想的反省與自我批判,墨子和老子可作為代表。本計畫無意質疑內生說,但嘗試指出另一種可能性:以批判禮樂為要點的「反諸夏文化」思想,其起源亦有可能是外生的(exogenous),是起於「戎狄」思想家對於「諸夏文化」的否定與質疑。
This research project aims to investigate the possible Yi-Di origins of cultural Counter-Zhuxiaism which emerged at the later part of the Spring and Autumn period. By cultural Counter-Zhuxiaism I mean the strands of thought which were critical to the view that the rituals (li) were the fundamental means for achieving good political life. Cultural Counter-Zhuxiaism could be found in the thought of Mozi and Laozi. The widely accepted academic view regards their thought as originating from self-criticism of Zhuxia’s thinkers. In contrast to this view, I argue for the possibility that the Cultural Counter-Zhuxiaism of Mozi and Laozi might originated from thinkers of Man, Yi, Rong and Di. In other words, it was not endogenous but rather exogenous.
Relation: 執行起迄:2013/08/01~2015/01/31
Data Type: report
Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 國科會研究計畫

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