Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/115834


Title: 台灣青年西進發展機會與挑戰:以海峽兩岸青年創業基地為例
The opportunities and challenges of Taiwan youth westward development: a case study of cross-strait youth entrepreneurship base
Authors: 曾詩婷
Tseng, Shih Ting
Contributors: 王定士
Wang, Ding Shu
曾詩婷
Tseng, Shih Ting
Keywords: 海峽兩岸青年創業基地
創業育成
青年創業
創業政策
質性研究
Cross-strait youth entrepreneurship base
Business incubation center
Youth entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurship policy
Qualitative research
Date: 2018
Issue Date: 2018-02-05 16:22:04 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 中國政府鼓勵創新及創業,推動雙創政策,喊出「大眾創業,萬眾創新」的口號。中國提出雙創政策後,積極對全球攬才,台灣青年也被有計劃地納入中國政府發展新創「人才工程」的版圖中。為了鼓勵台灣青年進軍中國創業,中國政府陸續於各地區設置海峽兩岸青年創業基地,除了提供完善的創業環境,還有優厚的創業基金,希望能吸引台灣青年西進中國創業。
本研究旨在探討海峽兩岸青年創業基地對台灣青年創業之影響,並對台灣青年赴陸創業提供建言。本研究透過訪談4位創業相關的人士,包含在台灣和中國創業的青年以及台灣和中國的創業育成中心經理,觀察目前台灣青年在台灣及中國的創業狀態以及其面對的創業困境。
根據實際訪談的初級資料分析之結果,中國積極扶持青年創業目的主要是想要降低失業率,而且對青年創業的支持,從中央政策到實際地方的落實推廣相當迅速。海峽兩岸創業基地以提供辦公空間、資源對接、人才獎補、住房津貼等為主。但中國青創基地常因媒體的渲染誇大,事實上資源並不能輕易取得。台灣青年到中國創業前應該要先準備一筆創業資金,並根據自身創業項目需求而審慎選擇創業基地,較能實際取得支援,因為不同規模的基地所能提供的資源也不同。
China encourages innovation and entrepreneurship to advance structural reform and raises the idea of" Mass Entrepreneurship and Innovation ". Measures have been taken by Chinese government to attract global talents, including Taiwanese youth. To encourage young talents from Taiwan to startup in China, Chinese government had established many cross-strait youth entrepreneurship bases in various places. It not only builds up entrepreneurial environment, but also provides generous venture capital, hoping to attract Taiwanese young entrepreneurs into China.
The main purpose of this study is to explore the impacts of the cross-strait youth entrepreneurship base on the startups of Taiwan youth and propose suggestions for Taiwanese youth who want to start business in China. Through interviewing with two Taiwanese young entrepreneurs separately in Taiwan and China youth entrepreneurship bases and two managers of Taiwan business incubation center and China entrepreneurship base, we examine the current state of entrepreneurial environments of both sides and the entrepreneurial dilemma facing by Taiwanese young people.
Based on the analysis of primary data from in-depth interviews, the main purpose of China's active support of youth entrepreneurship is to reduce the unemployment rate. China's promotion of youth entrepreneurship policies has been implemented fairly rapidly from the central government to local governments. The cross-strait youth entrepreneurship base provides office space, resources docking, talent subsidy and housing allowance etc. But too much false media reports on cross-strait youth entrepreneurship bases. In fact, entrepreneurs cannot easily obtain venture capital fund and resources. Taiwanese young entrepreneurs should first prepare a start-up fund before starting their business in China. Taiwanese entrepreneurs should carefully choose their entrepreneurship base according to the needs of their start-up projects so that they will be able to obtain suitable support, because different bases with different scales can provide different resources.
Reference: Chinese Sources:
中央政府門戶網站,大眾創業、萬眾創新是中國經濟發展新引擎,線上檢索日期:2017 年6月18日,網址:http://big5.gov.cn/gate/big5/www.gov.cn/zhengce/2015-03/05/content_2827169.htm
王俐几,(2016)。 我國中部創業聚落的推動策略與政策。台灣經濟研究月刊,第39卷第9期,第90-97頁。
林欣吾,(2015)。精進台灣創業政策的策略方向與做法。台灣經濟研究月刊,第38卷第2期,第77-84頁。
青年創業圓夢網官方網站,線上檢索日期:2017 年6月15日,網址:http://sme.moeasmea.gov.tw/startup/
海峽兩岸青年創業基地官方網站,線上檢索日期:2017 年6月13日,網址:http://big5.taiwan.cn/cyjd/jdfl/
徐幸瑜,(2017)。面對大陸對台政經措施台灣對青年創業要有因應思維,經濟評論,台灣經濟研究院。
翁栢萱,大陸中小企業創新創業政策與發展經驗之研究,線上檢索日期:2017 年8月22日,網址:https://www.ly.gov.tw/Pages/Detail.aspx?nodeid=6586&pid=84957
陳華昇,(2016)。中國大陸創業聚落的國際連結。台灣經濟研究月刊 ,第39卷第4期,第78-84頁。
經濟部中小企業處,(2000)。育成產業概論。99年度培育育成專業人才計畫參考用書。
經濟部,青年創業專案,線上檢索日期:2017 年7月16日,網址:https://www.yda.gov.tw/WebTools/FilesDownload.ashx?Siteid=563426067575657313&MmmID=563620307024550216&fd=NewsLetter_Flies&RD=1&Pname=%E9%9D%92%E5%B9%B4%E5%89%B5%E6%A5%AD%E5%B0%88%E6%A1%88%E6%A0%B8%E5%AE%9A%E6%9C%AC_20150909175327.pdf
廖劍峯,(2016)。大陸國台辦設立海峽兩岸青年創業基地探析。展望與探索,第14卷第11期,第92-110頁。
閻亢宗,(2017)。中共對臺輿論戰與我對應策略。康大學報,第7期,第1-15頁。
謝明瑞、周信佑,(2016)。兩岸青年攜手創業。國政研究報告,財團法人國家政策研究基金會。


English Sources:
Cohen B,(2006). Sustainable Valley Entrepreneurial Ecosystems, Business Strategy and the Environment, 15(1):1-14.
GEM,(2016).Global Entrepreneurship Monitor:2015 /16 Global Report.
GEM,(2017).Global Entrepreneurship Monitor:2016 /17 Global Report.
Gillham,B.,(2000). Case Study Research Method, London and New York: Continuum.
Isenberg, D.,(2011) .The Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Strategy as a New Paradigm for Economic Policy: Principles for Cultivating Entrepreneurship, The Babson Entrepreneurship Ecosystem Project.
Kassarjian,Harold,(1977).Content Analysis in Consumer Research, Journal of Consumer Research, 4(1), pp.8-18.
Prahalad, C. K.,(2005). The fortune at the bottom of the pyramid: eradicating poverty through profits. Saddle River, NJ: Wharton School Publishing, p65
Taylor, S. & Bogdan, R.,(1984). Introduction to qualitative research methods: The search for meaning. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Vogel, P.,(2013). The Employment Outlook for Youth: Building Entrepreneurship Ecosystems as a Way Forward. In Conference Paper for the G20 Youth Forum.
World Economic Forum,(2014).Entrepreneurial Ecosystems Around the Globe and Early-Stage Company Growth Dynamics.
Wikipedia ,Retrieved August 10 2017, from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Startup ecosystem
Website of The State Council of PRC, Retrieved August 18 2017, from:http://big5.gov.cn/gate/big5/www.gov.cn/zhengce/2015-03/05/content_2827169.htm
Website of Recruitment Program of Global Experts, Retrieved August 21 2017, from: http://www.1000plan.org/en/plan.html
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
102926014
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0102926014
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS)] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormat
601401.pdf2614KbAdobe PDF0View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing