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Compromise and Cooperation: The Previous I-Kuan Tao Leader Zhang Peicheng’s Participation in the Council of Daoism, 1966-1983
Zhang Peicheng;Council of Daoism(COD);the end of the martial law period;written rules;unwritten rules
|Issue Date:||2018-03-16 14:09:12 (UTC+8)|
With regard to the transitional period from a time dominated by martial law to its end, scholarship has had discussion of the previous I-Kuan Tao leader Zhang Peicheng’s participation in the Council of Daoism(here after COD) based on the changing relationship between politics and religions. To understand the historical transformation prior to the end of the martial law period, I research on the COD’s inside materials-the complete collection of the Council’s meeting minutes over twenty years, and hope that a desperate investigation of these valuable documents will contribute to our understanding of Zhang’s decision that led the I-Kuan Tao Jichu Xiantian sect to joining the COD under a specific condition. A close examination of the Council’s meeting minutes-whether they are about major affairs or minor ones-helps us to raise many questions that have been hidden in history. First, why did Zhang and the sect he led ＂attach themselves＂ to the DOC and yet still construct a relationship with them based on mutual interests, such as donation, loan, and activities like participating the National Day ceremonies and receiving rewards on behalf of the DOC? I understand this phenomenon as an interweaving practice of ＂written rules＂ and ＂unwritten rules.＂ Second, why is that Zhang and his group were able to be ＂incorporated＂ into the DOC? All the titles and positions that were created for the purpose of covering were carefully designed and easily accepted. Third, Zhang himself was involved in the negotiation that resulted in the cooperation between the COD and the institutes of Daoism in provinces and cities. It took twists and turns to reach unification. This history is comparable to I-Kuan Tao’s later experience when they were establishing their own Council. This paper aims to understand how a religious leader and his unauthorized sect survived with certain strategy and flexibility. The history that I-Kuan Tao has been through is an experience shared by religious sects that have been suppressed by the authority. It helps us to understand how Taiwan society has journeyed through a time dominated by martial law towards freedom of religion.
|Relation:||華人宗教研究, 2, 135-172|
|Appears in Collections:||[華人宗教研究] 期刊論文|
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