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Title: 邊跑邊搶—馬克操的反思及其應用
Capturing while Running: Reflection and Application on the Mach Drills
Authors: 鄭睿承
Rui-Cheng, Zheng
Keywords: 田徑;馬克操;肢體操作;空間;運動
Mach drills;limb operation;space;sport
Date: 2017-12
Issue Date: 2018-03-16 15:43:27 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 田徑運動中的徑賽項目於馬克操的出現後,選手在成績的表現上有了明顯的進步。因此,馬克操訓練成了選手的一條必經之路。馬克操是依照跑步的動作過程,分解成數個單項動作,從每一個單項動作中找出不正確的地方加以修正,並讓跑步姿勢更趨於完美。一般的馬克操訓練主要以肢體性的操作為主,選手在初學馬克操後,成績大多會有明顯的進步,但當選手的程度達到一定的水準後,僅以肢體性的操作,對於跑步姿勢的調整及成績的突破似乎稍嫌不足。筆者身為一名田徑短跑選手,曾受惠益於馬克操,當面臨訓練上的瓶頸時,不禁讓人想到在現今馬克操的訓練模式上,是否已發揮最大效果了呢?本研究旨在反思現今馬克操的訓練模式,整理與比較了國內現役優秀選手及教練的看法及參考了其他訓練文獻,分析並歸納出其各自的核心概念後發現,現今馬克操的訓練模式似乎多停留在動作操作的面向上進行,鮮少從意識層面上進行發展。筆者希望能藉著反思馬克操訓練模式,從意識層面進行探討,試著提出「空間搶奪」的概念,重新對其進行改造,使馬克操訓練原先的焦點在於抬腿、用力的「做好動作」,轉向變成有意識、有目標的去搶奪空間的「做到動作」,使其能發揮出最大效能,並有利於增進選手表現。
Athletes’ scores have been significantly improved after the Mach drills were invented in the track and field. Hence, the Mach drills become a must for the athletes. The drills divide one’s movements of running into several movements, pick up the inaccurate movement and then correct it. This will make the running gestures become more perfect. Generally speaking, the Mach drills are based on the operation of the limbs. Athletes’ scores can be significantly improved after having initially learned the drills. However, this does not seem good enough for the athletes who master the drill to a certain extent, as the adaptation of athlete’s running postures and scores are concerned. As a splinter, the researcher was once assisted by the Mach drills. However, meeting the bottleneck in training, the researcher cannot help but wonder if Mach drills have been operated to achieve their ultimate effects. By surveying the interviews, comparing the distinguished athletes and trainers’ viewpoint, and referencing the training texts, the researcher analyzes and induces their core concepts. The researcher discovers that today’s training of the Mach drills seems largely to remain on the focus of movement operation, and fail to develop from one’s conscious. Hence, the researcher attempts to enhance the notion of spatial caption in terms of consciousness from the anti-Mach drills training, in order to reshape the drills. This permits the training to focus on the consciousness and the goal to capture the spatial “having done the exact act” from “having done the act” of lifting the legs and pressing power, in order to operate their ultimate function and benefit athletes’ performance.
Relation: 政大體育研究, 第 24 期, 頁 73-85
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[政大體育研究] 期刊論文

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