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Title: All-inclusive View of Gujincitong (Historical Anthology of Ci Poetry) and an Analysis of Selected Ci Poetry of Su Shi and Xin Qiji
Authors: 侯雅文
Hou, Ya-Wen
Contributors: 中文系
Keywords: 古今詞統;蘇辛;辨體;統觀;晚明
Gujincitong (Historical Anthology of Ci Poetry);Su Shi;Xin Qiji;Anthology of Ci Poetry;differentiation;Song-Dynasty Ci Poetry
Date: 2015-12
Issue Date: 2018-03-28 17:22:18 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 明思宗崇禎六(1633)年,卓人月、徐士俊二人合編的《古今詞統》(初名《古今詩餘選》)刊行。卓人月〈古今詩餘選序〉云:「故余茲選,選坡詞極少,以剔雄放之弊,以謝詞家委曲之論。選辛詞獨多,以救靡靡之音,以升雄詞之位置」,徐士俊〈古今詞統序〉宣稱:「不使子瞻受詞詩之號,稼軒居詞論之名」。故總合這二段話來看,如何透過對「蘇詞」、「辛詞」的編選及評說,以重新定位蘇、辛的詞史地位,是《古今詞統》的編選重點之一。藉此,可見卓、徐二人的特別詞觀。上述二篇序文評述蘇詞、辛詞的觀點,實承自南宋以來詞學家並稱、並舉蘇、辛的論述,而意圖予以扭轉、改造。此一「並稱」、「並舉」蘇辛詞的傳統,至少涵有如下二種意義:一方面以「豪放」為蘇辛詞的「共同處」,用來對照「諧婉」、「婉約」的詞風,這一層用法,涉及「詞」由「辨類體」所衍生的「本色」論述;另一方面則以「詞詩」、「詞論」去區辨蘇、辛的「差別處」,這一層用法另外涉及蘇、辛前後的「源流」論述。據此,卓人月、徐士俊對「蘇辛詞」所採取的選評觀點,也就涵有重新省思以上二種並舉、並稱「蘇辛」之傳統的意義。當代學界雖不乏對《古今詞統》予以研究的論文,然於卓、徐二人如何操持別具意涵的「新變」意識,據此提出「統」觀,以消解特定「辨體」論述的偏主(執),並由此改造蘇、辛的詞史地位等論題,尚未予以深入的探討,故本文為之。綜合上述,本文的主要論題有二:一、重新詮釋《古今詞統》的「統」觀及其所對治的辨體論述。二、闡釋《古今詞統》選評「蘇辛詞」的方式、指標意義及結果。
In 1633, Gujincitong (Historical Anthology of Ci Poetry), co-edited by Cho Jenyue and Xu Shijun, was published and originally named as Gujinshiyuxuan, alternatively referred to as Shiyuguanxuan. Xu Shijun claims in the "Preface of Gujincitong", to "define Su Shi as poetical (Ci-shi) and Xin Qiji as rhetorical (Ci-lun) from a traditional perspective,," while Cho Jenyue states in the "Preface of Gujinshiyuxuan" that "In this anthology, we have selected very few of Su Shi’s works in order to decrease the gallantry and highlight the delicacy of Ci poetry, while an exceptionally large number of Xin Qiji’s works have been selected to indicate the melancholy of Ci poetry and to enhance evaluation more balanced judgment about Ci poetry." Since Gujinshiyuxuan is a significant predecessor for Gujincitong, the two statements indicate the emphases made by the editing of Gujincitong to re-evaluate Su Shi’s and Xin Qiji’s literary status through the selections and reviews of their Ci poems, which also reflects Cho's and Xu's unique literary criteria for Ci poetry. Previous studies devoted to Gujincitong, however numerous, have not fully elaborated on how Cho and Xu employed a newly-evolved all-inclusive view to eliminate subjectivity and prejudgment of a discourse differentiating them so as to influence the literary position of Su Shi and Xin Qiji as Ci poets. This essay is therefore intended to fill this gap.
Relation: 東華漢學, No.22, pp.77-118
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[中國文學系] 期刊論文

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