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Title: Late Qing Woman Writers' New Concept of Marriage: Using Nuyu Hua, Jiemei Hua and Xiayi Jiaren as Examples
Authors: Huang), 黃錦珠(Jin-Zhu
Huang, Jin-Zhu
Keywords: 晚清女作家小說;婚戀觀;自由結婚;男女交際;夫婦愛情
Late Qing;woman writers;concept of marriage;freedom of marriage;socialization between male and female;love between husband and wife
Date: 2011-12
Issue Date: 2018-04-03 16:18:27 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 晚清開始醞釀的新婚姻主張,逐漸擺脫宗法、家族的考量,承認當事人以感情為基礎的個人意志,是現代型態的婚姻觀念與體制之先聲。當時的婚姻主張,可以說集中於「自由結婚」一詞。強調婚姻自由、自主的同時,也呼籲男女社交應該自由、公開。婚姻與戀愛議題,遂成為晚清女權運動外一章。當來自男性先導們的呼籲逐漸在社會上擴散之際,向來被認定以婚姻為歸宿的婦女們,如何接納新觀念?又如何與向來的傳統處境磨合?新觀念帶來新契機的同時,是否也引發新危機?這是筆者深感興趣的論題。本文將以王妙如《女獄花》、黃翠凝《姊妹花》、邵振華《俠義佳人》等三部女作家小說為對象,由婦女自身的表述出發,探討其中所透顯的婚戀觀。
A reformulation of the concept of marriage began to emerge in Late Qing China as intellectuals struggled to break away from the bonds of the traditional family and clan system and attempted to establish a different kind of marriage concept based on autonomous personal feeling and will. This new voice came to form the modern concept of marriage, which developed into the main trend in twentieth century China with its focus on ”freedom of marriage”(自由結婚). Besides emphasizing free choice of marriage as well as personal independence, it also advocated more liberal social relations between the sexes.Issues concerning marriage and love therefore came to be a chapter in the development of the woman rights movement in the Late Qing period, yet these concerns were originally almost exclusively voiced by male intellectuals. This paper discusses how women, who were generally more deeply embedded in traditional society, reacted and responded to ”male” demands for woman rights. How did they reflect on and deal with their environment? Did calls for reform bring about a new era or prepare the next crisis? This article will analyze specific female narratives as found in Wang Miaoru's(王妙如)The Flower Walled in(Nuyu Hua,《女獄花》), Huang Cuining's(黃翠凝)The Sisters(Jiemei Hua,《姊妹花》) and Shao Zhenhua's(邵振華)Courageous Beauty(Xiayi Jiaren,《俠義佳人》)in order to investigate the emerging concept and significance of marriage.
Relation: 東亞觀念史集刊, 1, 261-298
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[東亞觀念史集刊] 期刊論文

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