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Title: 邱琪爾之《醋湯姆》與《頂尖女子》中與父權共謀的女人
The women’s collusion with patriarchy in Caryl Churchill's Vinegar Tom and Top Girls
Authors: 吳珮瑄
Wu, Pei-Xuan
Contributors: 姜翠芬
Jiang, Tsui-Fen
Wu, Pei-Xuan
Keywords: 女性主義
Date: 2018
Issue Date: 2018-04-09 15:38:48 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 凱蘿‧邱琪兒在《醋湯姆》和《頂尖女孩》主要運用社會女性主義的觀點,探討女性在資本主義與父權的宰制下所遭受的壓迫。兩部作品中不但關注女性在社會上的地位,更重視在不同的社會階級下,女性會因階級上的差異而自我分化。
第二章在分析《醋湯姆》 中,邊緣弱勢女性在面對父權壓迫時的種種煎熬、憤怒、 與掙扎。《醋湯姆》以十七世紀基督徒獵殺女巫事件為背景,劇中被指控為女巫者,大多為社會邊緣人。其中指控他人為女巫者,竟也不乏女性,他們為了自我的利益和生存,願與父權共謀,欺壓弱勢階級,但自身也受父權機制的壓制。此外,本劇穿插的歌曲將十七世紀迫害女巫的厭女思想連結到二十世紀持續詆毀女性的態度。
This study of Vinegar Tom and Top Girls demonstrates how Caryl Churchill asserts her socialist feminist concerns of intertwining class and gender issues. Both plays reveal the relationships between economic situation and gender oppression. She makes explicit that the class hierarchy plays a significant role in determining women’s experiences. The power and injustice are practiced by patriarchy and capitalism which uphold the oppression for women. The main concern of both plays is the indictment of the women in powerful class who participate in the patriarchal system.
In Vinegar Tom, the witch accusations result from the patriarchal and class prejudice against poor and marginalized women. The power and interdependence of patriarchy and capitalism is manifested by some women who are patriarchal agents to victimize the women of lower class. In addition, by using the songs, Churchill presents shocking connection between medieval misogynist attitudes to witches and people’s continuing denigrating attitudes to women in general.
Top Girls manifests, in spite of the historical women’s success, lack of solidarity and abandonment of motherhood remain unchanged in the present time. Thatcherite politics promoted the image of the high-flying female achiever who was capable of transcending class boundaries and of attaining material success in the work place. However, in this play, the successful woman, Marlene is a believer of patriarchy in disguise of a woman who forsakes her origins and family. In addition, there is a theme of performed gender roles in both plays. The women who collude with patriarchy focus on their dressing to achieve the practical purpose.
In both plays, Churchill addresses the women who do not build solidarity or foster change for the majority of women. The women of upper class oppress the other women to attain their achievements or pursue their own benefit. The women of lower class cannot escape the plight and they are hostile to those upper class women’s advances. The women’s collusion with patriarchy strengthens the stable of the patriarchal system and causes a bleaker environment for those disadvantaged women.
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