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Title: 1960年代臺灣歌仔戲「柏華閩劇團」新加坡演出印記考索
Authors: 蔡欣欣
Tsai, Hsin-Hsin
Contributors: 台文所
Keywords: 新加坡;臺灣歌仔戲;柏華閩劇團;唱片;口述歷史
Singapore;Taiwanese opera;Bohua Hokkien Opera Troupe (Bohua minju tuan);records;oral history
Date: 2015-01
Issue Date: 2018-06-26 17:12:53 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 太平洋戰爭結束後,基於國家國統與外交政策,劇團商業市場經濟等考量,臺灣歌仔戲紛紛受邀前往東南亞等地公演。1964年10月星馬僑商邀約聚合了南部「新台光歌劇團」與北部演員約50人組成的「柏華閩劇團」,作為二戰後首度在新加坡演出的臺灣歌仔戲班。在為期一年半的星馬巡迴演出期間,除在「遊藝場」進行商業售票營運外,也參與廟會外臺演出與國家劇場義演等活動,並受新加坡當地唱片公司的邀請,在新加坡錄製唱片與發行銷售,並在「麗的呼聲」金色電臺定期廣播。這段將近半世紀的臺灣歌仔戲海外傳播足印,由於時代久遠及資料欠缺,歷來較少被關注論述。因此本論文擬通過這些在「特定時空場域」所錄製的唱片蒐羅,及結合史料耙梳、文物考證、口述訪談與田野採錄等研究策略,重返1960年代的歷史現場,初步建構當時臺灣歌仔戲班在新加坡的演出印記。
After the Pacific War, considering the legitimacy of the country (ROC), diplomatic policy and commercial benefits, many Taiwanese opera troupes accepted invitations to perform in Southeast Asia. In October, 1964, some overseas Chinese merchants in Singapore and Malaysia hosted Bohua Hokkien Opera Troupe, which comprised of fifty actors and actresses from both northern Taiwan and from Xintaiguang Taiwanese Opera Troupe based in southern Taiwan. Bohua was the first Taiwanese opera troupe performing in Singapore after World War II. During the one and a half years it performed in Singapore and Malaysia, Bohua not only made commercial performances in amusement parks but also took part in some outdoor religious festivals and gave some charity shows in national theatres and at other occasions. Besides, it was invited by a local Singaporean record company to make records for sale and regular broadcasting on Rediffusion Golden Radio. Because it took place in nearly half a century ago and research materials were lacking, the history of Taiwanese opera's overseas imprints has received relatively little scholarly attention. This paper reconstructs the historical background of the 1960s, and proposes an initial account of the imprints of this Taiwanese opera troupe in Singapore at that time. A number of research methods are employed: collecting records produced in the specific context, analyzing historical materials, examining cultural relics, and conducting interviews and field investigation.
Relation: 戲劇學刊, No.21, pp.97-133
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[臺灣文學研究所] 期刊論文

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