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A Study of Competition-Cooperation Between India and China in the 21st Century
China-India relations;competition-cooperation model;“strategic cooperation”;China-India Strategic Partnership;border dispute
|Issue Date:||2018-07-27 15:01:24 (UTC+8)|
This article studies the competition-cooperation model between China and India from the perspective of decision-makers. While China and India experience fast economic growths, there are inevitably competition and cooperation between the two. The choice to cooperate or compete depends on how the decision-makers perceive the interest structure of the engagement of the two countries on issues. However, oftentime it is not easy to judge whether the two countries are in a zero-sum or non-zero sum game on one issue. “Strategic cooperation” has frequently been adopted, which in its ideal form combines practical engagement with an open option of balance. The decision-makers of China and India want to cooperate on important issues and set aside disputes in order to create a peaceful environment for economic development whilst maintaining the option of activating balance act for hedging purposes. However, due to the volatility of interest structures, lack of mutual trusts and the political risks faced by decision-makers, sometimes, the balance act in the “strategic cooperation” is activated and led to mutual re-balancing. In 2013, the need of the new Chinese leadership to consolidate power reinforced China’s tough stands on border issue, leading to mutual re-balance and tension on the border. However, given that the balance act was taken in order to push forward cooperation and relieve domestic tension, it is unlikely that border tension will escalate. It will not improve cooperation but will deepen mutual distrust and limit the development of bilateral relations in the future. In 2014, a new government was elected in India and the new leadership might cast new challenges on the bilateral relations.
|Relation:||問題與研究季刊, 57卷2期, 59-86|
|Appears in Collections:||[Issues & Studies] Articles|
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