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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/119174


Title: 非政府組織與贊助者之間的角力: 組織間關係和社交網絡在反人口販賣領域的影響
How Non-Governmental Organisations Confront Donors: The Effects of Inter-Organisational Relations and Social Networks in the Anti-Human Trafficking Field
Authors: 李諾
Forsman, Linus
Contributors: 王韻
Wang, Ray
李諾
Forsman, Linus
Keywords: 非營利組織
人口販運
組織的相互關係
發展
人權
NGO
Human trafficking
Inter-Organisational relations
Development
Human rights
Date: 2018
Issue Date: 2018-08-02 16:37:49 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 即便收受鉅額金援,與人權發展相關的非政府組織,其行動往往成效不彰。關於這些組織的相互關係及社交網絡,與其行動成效的關聯性,在學術界有許多不同的爭辯與理論。過往文獻對於贊助者與非政府組織之間的關係如何影響其工作成效有許多對立的看法;一種最可能的解釋是兩者之間的協調問題影響了非政府組織的工作成效。此篇論文探討了在東南亞的反人口販運非政府組織之組織間關係和社交網路,筆者查閱了相關文獻,並在非政府組織間進行訪談,觀察組織成員的工作與他們的關係網絡。經由過程追蹤方法,分析顯示贊助者的類型,對案例中之非政府組織表現至關重要。尤有甚者,贊助者往往因為官僚作風,犧牲了非政府組織的效能,若贊助者仰賴政府經費,這個傾向會更加嚴重。此外,贊助者對非政府組織的要求,似乎較傾向可量化的短期計畫,而非長期計畫。某些贊助者反而還擾亂了非政府組織的合作關係網路,甚至該機構與服務對象之間的關係。然而,非政府組織試圖通過談判來抵制這些干預。贊助者與非政府組織之間的信任程度,似乎也可以減緩這些不良影響;更深的信任感,將能促成非政府組織與贊助者之間的談判更有效,並讓贊助者提供的資源,得到更妥善的管理。反之,嚴重的信任問題,將導致非政府組織終止與贊助者的合作關係。
NGOs working with human rights and development make a relatively small impact with their work, considering their vast number and the monetary support they receive. Scholars have formulated a great deal of conflicting arguments and theories on the inter-organisational relations and network effects on NGOs performance. The literature disagrees on the process of how the relationship between donor organisations and NGO affect the NGO’s work. One promising explanation for their limited impact is the problems of coordination. Particularly, this study explores concepts on inter-organisational relations and network effects on an anti-human trafficking NGO working in Southeast Asia. The researcher has investigated documents and conducted interviews at the NGO, as well as observed their work. By using a process tracing method, the data shows that the type of donor matters for the performance of the case NGO. The main finding is that the donors bureaucratises the NGO at the expense of its performance, the effect is stronger if the donors are dependent on governmental back-donors. Furthermore, the demands on the NGO from the donors seem to favour short-term projects that are measured quantitatively, rather than long-term projects. Some donors have also disturbed the NGO’s network of partners and its relationship to the target group. However, the NGO tries to resist the demands through negotiation. Levels of trust between the donor and the NGO seems to moderate mentioned effects, as higher trust facilitates a successful negotiation by the NGO with the donor, and improves management assistance provided by the donor. Severe trust issues have lead the NGO to end its relationship with its donor.
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Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
國際研究英語碩士學位學程(IMPIS)
105862019
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105862019
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[International Master's Program in International Studies] Theses

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