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Title: 2010年至2017年英語科國中基測與會考克漏字測驗分析
Analysis of the Cloze Test Items in English Basic Competence Test and Comprehensive Assessment Program from 2010 to 2017
Authors: 彭凡家
Peng, Fan-Chia
Contributors: 尤雪瑛
Yu, Hsueh-Ying
Peng, Fan-Chia
Keywords: 克漏字測驗
Cloze test
Basic competence test
Comprehensive assessment program
Date: 2018
Issue Date: 2018-08-27 15:06:07 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 對台灣國中生而言,2001年實施至2013年的國中基本學力測驗以及2014年開始實施的國中教育會考,是兩項重要的高中入學考試。其中,英文閱讀測驗題組中每年會有二篇的克漏字測驗,克漏字測驗能夠測驗受試者英文學習的整合能力,且在台灣被廣泛地使用於各項考試中,本研究主要目的在於:(1)研究從2010年至2017年基測與會考的克漏字試題主要測驗了哪些語言能力; (2)分析這8年的克漏字試題分別在基測與會考中測驗的能力為何,以及討論其相同與相異之處。本研究使用Jonz (1990)的克漏字分類法為其研究工具以探討其分類結果。
本研究結果顯示:(1) 2010年至2017年基測與會考著重於受試者要能找出跨越句子與句子間文本線索的能力; (2) 2010至2013年的基測,著重於檢視受試者時態句法的能力; (3) 2014至2017年的會考,著重於檢視受試者篇章結構的能力。根據本研究發現,筆者針對未來研究方向及教學實務提出了建議。

To every ninth-grade student of junior high school, the Basic Competence Test (BCT) from 1999 to 2013 and the Comprehensive Assessment Program (CAP) from 2014 are the two most important senior high school entrance examinations. Among the reading tests of both exams, two of them are the cloze tests. The cloze test targets at measuring the candidates’ performances on the integrated ability in language, and it is widely used in the different testing contexts in Taiwan. The research thus aims to investigate: (1) from 2010 to 2017, what kind of language knowledge in the cloze tests were measured in BCT and CAP, and (2) the similarities and differences of the cloze item types tested and designed in BCT and CAP. To achieve the purpose, this research analyzed the cloze items in BCT and CAP in the past 8 years, and Jonz’s taxonomy was utilized as the instrument to classify the target test items.
The analysis results of the present study are shown as follows: (1) the primary language knowledge tested from 2010 to 2017 was about the higher-order knowledge that focused on the ability to integrate the contextual clues across sentential level; (2) the most frequently-tested items in BCT was the syntactic knowledge in tense; and (3) the most frequently-measured item in CAP was the textual relationship in discourse. Based on the findings of this research, the researcher yielded suggestions for the future research and implications for teaching.

Key words: cloze test, Basic Competence Test, Comprehensive Assessment Program
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