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Title: Two Facets of “Nitya-sukha-atma-subha” in the Nirvāṇa Sūtra and Their Relation to the Buddhist Nature
Authors: 謝獻誼
Xie, Xian-yi
Contributors: 中文博三
Keywords: Nirvāṇa Sūtra;nitya-sukha-atma-subha;Buddha nature;kong-kong;Viparyasa-catuka
Date: 2013-07
Issue Date: 2018-08-28 10:37:18 (UTC+8)
Abstract: The thesis is an attempt on two sides: one is returning to the development of India Buddhism to analyze the thought of "Nitya-sukha-atma-subha," which has the following two meanings in the Nirvāṇa Sūtra: the concept of practicing Buddhist and the state of renunciation in Buddhism. The other attempt is to discuss how the Buddha nature in the Nirvāṇa Sūtra could be both a concept and a state. As a concept, the discussion on "Nitya-sukha-atma-subha" is contrary to the point of "Viparyasa-catuka" in the Nirvāṇa Sūtra. The mistake of "Viparyasa-catuka" is including two gradations between "Prthag-jana" and "Hinayana," but the classics stands on the negative way. As a state, the point of "Nitya-sukha-atma-subha" is not only regarded as a situation about "renunciation" or "the state of Nirvana" in the Nirvāṇa Sūtra, but also as interlinking the view of "the reality of Nirvana" supported by the Madhyamaka. However there are still some differences between the Nirvāṇa Sūtra and Madhyamaka: the former has a positive attitude towards the state of Nirvana, that is to say, the Nirvāṇa Sūtra identifies with the hypostatic meaning between "renunciation" and "Nirvana," but the latter doesn't. Rather Madhyamaka keeps the same opinion on "kong-kong." Finally, in order to understand thoroughly the level of concept and state, the Nirvāṇa Sūtra discusses the idea of Buddha nature, which has the characteristic of “the situation of Buddha” and “the condition of being Buddha.” This represents a unique theory
Relation: 中國文學研究, No.36, pp.1-36
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[中國文學系] 期刊論文

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