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Title: Restrictiveness, exclusivity, adversativity, and mirativity: Mandarin chinese zhishi as an affective diminutive marker in spoken discourse
Authors: Wang, Yu Fang
Tsai, Meichi
Schams, Wayne
Yang, Chiming
Contributors: 政大附中
Date: 2013
Issue Date: 2018-09-06 17:45:32 (UTC+8)
Abstract: Mandarin Chinese zhishi (similar to English ‘only’), comprised of the adverb zhi and the copula shi, can act as an adverb (ADV) or a discourse marker (DM). This study analyzes the role of zhishi in spoken discourse, based on the methodological and theoretical principles of interactional linguistics and conversation analysis. The corpus used in this study consists of three sets of data: 1) naturally-occurring daily conversations; 2) radio/TV interviews; and 3) TV panel discussions on current political affairs. As a whole, this study reveals that the notions of restrictiveness, exclusivity, and adversativity are closely associated with ADV zhishi and DM zhishi. In addition, the present data show that since zhishi is often used to express a ‘less than expected’ feeling, it can be used to indicate mirativity (i.e. language indicating that an utterance conveys the speaker‘s surprise). The data also show that the distribution of zhishi as an adverb or discourse marker depends on turn taking systems and speech situations in spoken discourse. Specifically, the ADV zhishi tends to occur in radio/TV interviews and TV panel news discussions, while the DM zhishi occurs more often in casual conversations. © 2013 John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Relation: Chinese Language and Discourse, Volume 4, Issue 2, pages: 181 –228
Data Type: article
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Appears in Collections:[附屬高級中學 ] 期刊論文

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