Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/120305


Title: 中國大陸一帶一路下的境外港口布局
China’s Layout in Overseas Ports Along the Belt and Road
Authors: 邢昌元
Hsing, Chang-Yuan
Contributors: 邱坤玄
Chiu, Kun-Shuan
邢昌元
Hsing, Chang-Yuan
Keywords: 一帶一路倡議
海上絲綢之路
地緣政治
港口
海權戰略
BRI
Maritime silk road
Geopolitics
Port
Sea power strategy
Date: 2018
Issue Date: 2018-10-01 12:18:23 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 2013年,中國大陸提出「21世紀海上絲綢之路」並對外宣稱藉協助各國建設港口基礎設施,達到設施連通、貿易暢通,進而共同開發海洋資源。然審視中國大陸的海外港口投資發展迄今,雖然不似珍珠鏈戰略所說將港口挪作軍事用途,卻可以發現中國是依著海上通道咽喉點來選擇投資港口,以貿易角度而言,這些港口的貨櫃吞吐量並非名列前茅,天然條件亦非最佳,卻都是地理戰略位置非常重要的節點。中國為了降低其他國家對其疑慮,透過海上反恐合作、護航任務,提高國際形象,換個角度想中國已經具有藍水海軍的能力,海權實力不容小覷。
中國大陸推行一帶一路倡議到全球,亞太、南亞國家囿於鄰近中國,政軍實力不強,因此多傾向支持帶路倡議,印度有感地緣上遭受侵犯,因此強烈反對一帶一路,海灣國家與非洲國家普遍內部政局不穩、基礎建設落後又長期與中國交好,所以歡迎帶路倡議,歐盟國家的主旋律雖拒絕一帶一路,然近年內部問題叢生,經濟下滑,各國私底下歡迎中國前來投資,美國因新政府雖拒絕帶路政策,然退出TPP削弱了在亞洲的影響力,而日本成了中國大陸港口布局的阻力,從東南亞到南亞都可以看見日本競爭港口投資的身影。
China proposed “the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road” in 2013, claiming that China will help countries build ports, so as to realize onfrastructure connectivity and unimpeded trade. Judging from China’s investment in overseas ports, China did not adopt the “String of Pearls. Strategy” and militarize the ports it invested in. However, it can be found that those ports are along the chockpoints of the maritime routes. Although the ports neither give outstanding throughput performance nor enjoy superb natural conditions in terms of trade, their position are great geopolitical and strategic importance. In order to ease concern around the world, China is improving its global image through maritime counterrorism cooperation and escort missions. However, such moves also that its Navy has acquired blue water capabilities, so China’s maritime strength should not be underestimated.
China sells its BRI to the world. Most of the Asia-Pacific and South Asian countries, which are geographically close to China and weak in political, economic, and military strengths, tend to support the initiative. India, feeling geopolitically threatened, strongly oppose it. Most Gulf and African countries suffer from polical instability and poor infrastructure, but they also welcome the initiative thank to their long-time close delations with China. EU member states, in general, reject the initiative, but they still welcome Chinese investment in private due to problems within the EU and gloomy economy. As for US, those the new administration turn down the initiative, its withdrawal from the TPP also weakened its influence in Asia. As a result, Japan has become the new obstacle for Chinese port investments in the region, leading to fierce Sino-Japanese competition over the ports in Southeast Asian and South Asian countries.
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港口代碼—沙璜,港口查詢,網址:https://gangkou.51240.com/IDSAB_1472__gk/
蔡祁珊,「世界大國的軍事角逐之地:吉布地」,wowAfrica阿非卡,2016年9月7日,網址:https://wowafrica.tw/view_post_list/posts/150068012453
張彥超,「印尼丹戎不碌港:東南亞未來轉運樞紐」,壹讀,2018年2月20日,網址:https://read01.com/zh-tw/7D4Og88.html
「中遠海運阿布達比碼頭動工」,新華網,2017年11月6日,網址:http://www.xinhuanet.com/2017-11/06/c_129733868.htm
陳牧民,陳牧民觀點:中國在印度洋佈局–斯里蘭卡漢班托塔港觀察紀實,風傳媒,2015年1月27日,網址:http://www.storm.mg/article/40406/20150126/陳牧民觀點:中國在印度洋佈局–斯里蘭卡漢班托塔港觀察紀實
「閻學通對話米爾斯海默:中國能否和平崛起」,觀察者,2013年12月3日,網址:https://www.guancha.cn/YanXueTong/2013_12_03_189543.shtml
「郜笙:中國造船業具有明顯優勢」,人民網,2008年05月15日,檢索日期:2017年10月30日,網址:http://scitech.people.com.cn/BIG5/7243799.html
李欣怡,「大陸造船業穩居世界第一:遠超日本韓國」,天境傳媒,2017年10月21日,網址:http://kool88.com/article/201710/5300025
「『國油國運』–陣痛中加速突圍」,招商局能源運輸股份有限公司,2007年8月11日,網址:http://www.cmenergyshipping.com/News/1031.html
「到2020年『國油國運』,將帶來95 艘VLCC 的需求」,招商局能源運輸股份有限公司,2015年4月20日,網址:http://www.cmenergyshipping.com/news/2412.html
「上海洋山港碼頭-邁向無人化」,聯合新聞網,2017年12月11日,網址:https://udn.com/news/story/7333/2867640
「世界港口–吉布地」,通用運費網,2017年5月20日,網址:http://www.ufsoo.com/port/djibouti/
「觀察:中國在吉布提設軍事基地幹什麼」,BBC中文網,2017年7月12日,網址:https://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/chinese-news-40586499
趙軍,「中國參與埃及港口建設:機遇、風險及政策建議」,人民網,2018年7月17日,網址:http://world.people.com.cn/n1/2018/0717/c187656-30152658.html
「中國企業承建以色列阿什杜德新港 將成歐亞橋樑」,觀察者,2015年9月12日,網址:https://www.guancha.cn/Third-World/2015_09_12_333975.shtml
世界港口–比雷埃夫斯港,通用運費網,2016年9月3日,網址:http://www.ufsoo.com/port/piraeus/
「希臘比港首迎2萬標準箱級集裝箱船」,新華網,2018年2月27日,網址:http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/www.xinhuanet.com/world/2018-02/27/c_1122460394.htm
郝敬東、張穎傑,「美國軍事戰略如何謀篇佈局」,中國軍網,2017年9月26日,網址:http://www.81.cn/jfjbmap/content/2017-09/26/content_188874.htm
「中國與東盟關于非傳統安全領域合作聯合宣言」,中國-東協中心,2002年11月5日,網址:http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/www.asean-china-center.org/2002-11/05/c_13354084.htm
郭宏軍,「望加錫、龍目、巽他海峽–穿越印尼、溝通兩洋的咽喉要道」,人民網,2003年10月15日,網址:http://www.people.com.cn/GB/junshi/1078/2135345.html
張棋炘,「習近平周邊外交下的中孟關係(上)」,南亞觀察,2016年1月14日,網址:http://southasiawatch.tw/ sino-bangladesh-relation 習近平周邊外交下的中孟關係上/。
「中國海軍第29批護航編隊起航奔赴亞丁灣」,央視新聞網,2018年4月6日,網址:http://m.news.cctv.com/2018/04/06/ARTIp00yhmnbiimxI4hzXstN180406.shtml
「515濱州號」,海軍360,網址:http://www.haijun360.com/news/054AXJKIIJ/2016/1230/1612301049164HA05CJ4KB2G067K4F5E.html
「組圖:『新生』報到!東港艦濱州艦正式入列」,人民網,2016年12月30日,網址:http://military.people.com.cn/BIG5/n1/2016/1230/c1011-28989210-8.html
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「埃及期待中國投資」,中非合作論壇,2017年5月27日,網址:http://www.focac.org/chn/zfgx/zfgxjmhz/t1465718.htm
「中馬皇京港將取代新加坡成地區最大港口」,每日頭條,2017年4月5日,網址:https://kknews.cc/zh-tw/world/6n6abom.html
「麻六甲貿易圈納新」,北京商報網,2016年11月21日,檢網址:http://www.bbtnews.com.cn/2016/1121/169777.shtml
「麻六甲皇京港的背後」,航運界,2016年12月2日,網址:http://www.ship.sh/news_detail.php?nid=2332
「皇京港搶了新加坡的生意」,北京商報網,2017年8月6日,網址:http://www.bbtnews.com.cn/2017/0806/205149.shtml
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二、英文部分
一、 書籍
Sir Corbert, Julian, Some Principles of Maritime Stratege(Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1988).

二、 期刊論文
Tukumbi, Lumumba-Kasongo, “China-Africa Relations: A Neo-Imperialism or a Neo-Colonialism? A Reflection”, African and Asian Studies, Vol. 10, Issue 2-3(2011).
BP Statistical Review of World Energy, BP, June, 2018, accessed July 1, 2018
Till, Geoffrey, “Dominion, Trade and the Maritime Silk Road: A Review of the Issues”, Soundings Sea Power Centre–Australia, Vol. 9(February 2016)
Arase, David, “China’s Two Silk Roads Initiative: What it means for Southeast Asia”, Daljit Singh ed. Southeast Asian Affairs(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).
Seo, Jungmin and Young Chul Cho, “Rethinking Beijing’s Geostrategic Sensibilities to Tibet and Xinjiang: Images and Interest”, Pacific Focus, Vol. 28, Issue 2(August, 2013).
Fallon, Teresa, “The New Silk Road: Xi Jinping’s Grand Strategy for Eurasia”, American Foreign Policy Interests, Vol. 37, Issue 3(20 Jul 2015)
Summers, Tim, “China’s ‘New Silk Routes’: sub-national regionsand networks of global political economy”, Third World Quarterly, Vol. 37, No. 9(16 Mar 2016)
Ferdinand, Peter, “Westward ho – the China dream and ‘one belt, one road’: Chinese foreign policy under Xi Jinping”, International Affairs, Volume 92, Issue 4(July, 2016)
BP Energy outlook 2018 edition, British Petroleum, London, British: February 20, 2018.
Callahan, William, “China’s ‘Asia Dream’: The Belt Road Initiative and the new regional order”, Asian Journal of Comparative Politics, Vol. 1, Issue 3(September 2016)
Li, Zhu, “The maritime Silk Road and India: The Challenges of Overcoming Cognitive Divergance”, Asia Policy, No. 22, Issue 2(July 2016)
Flecker, Michael, “Early Voyaging in the South China Sea: Implications on territorial claims”, Nalanda-Sriwijaya Centre Working Papers, No. 19(August 2015)
Len, Christopher, “China’s 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Initiative, Energy Security and SLOC Access”, Maritime Affairs, Vol 11, Issue 1(June 2015)
Bhattacharyya, Anushree, “China’s Strategic Advancements in Southeast Asia: Trade Diplomacy and Connectivity”, Maritime Affairs, Vol 6, Issue 1, (September 2010)
Fasslabend, Werner, “The Silk Road: a political marketing concept for world dominance”, European View, Vol. 14, Issue 2( December 2015).
Rai, Adwita, (2016) “Revisiting Maritime Past: maritime Silk Road and Project Mausam”, Vijay Sakhuja and Jane Chan eds., China’s Maritime Silk Road and Asia(Delhi: Vij Books India, January 2016)
Stuart-Fox, Martin, “Southeast Asia and China: The Role of History and Culture in Shaping Future Relations”, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 26, No. 1( April 2004)
Zhaoming, Xiong, “The Hepu Han tombs and the maritime Silk Road of the Han Dynasty”, Antiquity, Vol. 88, Issue 342(December 2014)
Dooley, Howard, “The Great Leap Forward: China’s Maritime Renaissance”, The Journal of East Asian Affairs, Vol. 26, No. 1(Spring/Summer 2012)
三、 官方資料

“Northern Territory election 2016”, Parliament of Australia, January 19, 2017, https://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/rp/rp1617/NT_election_2016
“Port development – from a transport center to a logistic platform”, Review of Maritime Transport 1992, (Ggeneva: United Nations Confrece on Trade And Development, UNCTAD), 31 Dec 1993.
“Port development – from a transport center to a logistic platform”, Review of Maritime Transport 1992, (Ggeneva: United Nations Confrece on Trade And Development, UNCTAD), 31 Dec 1993
“Ports Newsletter N°19”, United Nations Confrece on Trade And Development, UNCTAD, November 1999,
“Sharp Power: Rising Authoritarian Influence”: New Forum Report”, National Endowment for Democracy, December 5, 2017, https://www.ned.org/sharp-power-rising-authoritarian-influence-forum-report/
“The World Bank In South Asia”, The World Bank, http://www.worldbank.org/en/region/sar
“The World Factbook: Arctic Ocean”, Central Intelligence Agency, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/xq.html
Abu Dhabi Port Authority, https://www.adports.ae/en/
Ashdod Port Authority, https://www.ashdodport.co.il/english/aboutashdodport/facilities/pages/cranes.aspx
Darwin Port Authority, https://www.darwinport.com.au/
Darwin Port Authority, https://www.darwinport.com.au/
Gwadar Port Authority, http://www.gwadarport.gov.pk/
Japan Government, 2017/9/5. White Paper on Development Cooperation 2016,
McDevitt, Michael, “Becoming a Great ‘Maritime Power’ A Chinese Dream”, CNA's Center for Naval Analyses, 2016. 6.
Melaka Gateway official website, http://melakagateway.my/
Port de Djibouti Authority, http://www.portdedjibouti.com/
Port Said Port Authority, http://www.psdports.org:80/e-default.asp
Ports Newsletter N°19, United Nations Confrece on Trade And Development, UNCTAD, Nov 1999.
Suez Canal Zone Authority, https://www.sczone.eg/English/aboutsczone/Pages/overview.aspx
The Chittagong Port Authority, http://www.cpa.gov.bd/
The Strait of Malacca, a key oil trade chokepoint, links the Indian and Pacific Oceans, U.S. Energy Infor, EIA, August 11, 2017, https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=32452
United States, 2017/12. National Security Strategy of the United States of America.
United States, 2018/4/2, Briefing on The Indo-Pacific Strategy, https://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2018/04/280134.htm
United States, 2018/7/24. Press Availability With Secretary of Defense James Mattis, Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop, and Australian Defense Minister Marise Payne, https://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2018/07/284471.htm
World Oil Transit Chokepoints, U.S. Energy Information Administration, EIA, July 25,2017.
四、 網路資料
“Beijing's global interests will spread to Arctic”, The Oxford Analytica Daily Brief, January 26, 2018, https://dailybrief.oxan.com/Analysis/ES229371/Beijings-global-interests-will-spread-to-Arctic
Maria Abi-Habib,” How China Got Sri Lanka to Cough Up a Port”, The New York Times,June 26, 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/25/world/asia/china-sri-lanka-port.html
Ananth Krishnan , “China offers to develop Chittagong port”, The Hindu, March 16, 2010, https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-international/China-offers-to-develop-Chittagong-port/article16002756.ece
Serajul Quadir, “China to develop Bangladesh industrial zone as part of South Asia push”, Reuters, April 4, 2018, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-bagnladesh-china/china-to-develop-bangladesh-industrial-zone-as-part-of-south-asia-push-idUSKCN1HB1M2
“Envoy: China-Malaysia ties to further improve under Dr M”, The Star Online, May 24, 2018, https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2018/05/24/envoy-china-malaysia-ties-to-further-improve-under-dr-m/
“Gwadar: trade hub or military asset”, Gateway House, May 14, 2018, http://www.gatewayhouse.in/cpec-gwadar-trade-or-military/
Sundaramurthy, Asha , “India Keeps Australia Out of the Malabar Exercise – Again”, The Diplomat, May 8, 2018, https://thediplomat.com/2018/05/india-keeps-australia-out-of-the-malabar-exercise-again
Glosserman, Brad, “Making the Indo-Pacific Real”, CSIS, March 7, 2018, https://www.csis.org/analysis/pacnet-18-making-indo-pacific-real
“Inside China’s $1 billion port in Lanka where ships don’t want to sotp”, The Time Of India, Apr 18, 2018, https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/international-business/inside-chinas-1-billion-port-where-ships-dont-want-to-stop/articleshowprint/63811395.cms
Davidson, Helen, “Chinese company secures 99-year lease of Darwin port in $506m deal”, The Guardian, October 13, 2015, https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2015/oct/13/chinese-company-secures-99-year-lease-of-darwin-port-in-506m-deal
Hill, John, “DARWIN – A CHINESE PORT & CHOKE POINTS July 2017”, Towards the Final Hour, July 31, 2017, http://towardsthefinalhour.com/2017/07/darwin-chinese-port-choke-points-july-2017/
“Sri Lanka to move naval unit to Hambantota”, The Hindu, June 30, 2018, , https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/sri-lanka-to-move-naval-unit-to-hambantota/article24300898.ece
”Ship Sizes”, Maritime-Connector, http://maritime-connector.com/wiki/ship-sizes/
Gregory Poling, “Kyaukpyu: Connecting China to the Indian Ocean”, Center for Strategic and International Studies, CSIS, April 4, 2018, May 6, 2018, https://amti.csis.org/kyaukpyu-china-indian-ocean/
Yau, Joshua and Yeroen van der Leer, , “China’s new silk route: The long and winding road,” PwC's Growth Markets Centr, February, 2016, https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/growth-markets-center/assets/pdf/china-new-silk-route.pdf
Raza, Syed Irfan, China given contract yo operate Gwadar port, Dawn, February 18, 2013, http://www.dawn.com/news/786992
Top 100 Container Ports 2017, Lloyd’s List (London: 2017 edition), https://lloydslist.maritimeintelligence.informa.com/one-hundred-container-ports-2017
“Piraeus Port Authority S.A. (PPA)”, Hellenic Republic Asset Development Fund, https://www.hradf.com/en/portfolio/view/123/piraeus-port-authority-s-a-ppa
Kam, Stefanie, “Making China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ more Turkic”, The Diplomat, July 4, 2016, http://thediplomat.com/2016/07/making-chinas-one-belt-one-road-more-turkic/
Tiezzi, Shannon, “3 years on, Where Does China’s Silk Road Stand?”, The Diplomat, August 31, 2016, https://thediplomat.com/2016/09/3-years-on-where-does-chinas-silk-road-stand/
Teoh ,Shannon , “Malacca harbour plan raises questions about China's strategic aims”, The Straits Times, November 14, 2016, http://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/malacca-harbour-plan-raises-questions-about-chinas-strategic-aims
Hambantota Deep Sea Port Phase 1, CSIS, https://reconnectingasia.csis.org/database/projects/hambantota-deep-sea-port-construction-phase-i/3a42824b-5fb2-479f-b21f-cc39db2c6eb4/
Hambantota Deep Sea Port Phase 2, CSIS, https://reconnectingasia.csis.org/database/projects/hambantota-deep-see-port-phase-ii/938b50ad-7e21-418e-a475-7ac007e53314/
Betigeri, Aarti, “Hambantota: ’the Chinese port’ ”, Lowy Institute, 4 July 2018, https://www.lowyinstitute.org/the-interpreter/hambantota-the-chinese-port
Noi, Goh Sui, “Wary world watches as China plays peacemaker”, The Straits Times, January 1, 2018, https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/wary-world-watches-as-china-plays-peacemaker
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“Pakistan: a reckless mortgage”, Gateway House, November 30 ,2017, http://www.gatewayhouse.in/chinese-investments-in-pakistan/
Shepard, Wade, “Next Up On China's Maritime Silk Road: Abu Dhabi”, Forbes, Aug 2, 2017, https://www.forbes.com/sites/wadeshepard/2017/08/02/next-up-abu-dhabi-chinas-maritime-silk-road-breaks-into-the-middle-east/#6caa5f519bbe
“The World Bank In Djibouti”, World Bank, April 17, 2018, https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/djibouti/overview
Gao, Charlotte, “China Officially Sets Up Its First Overseas Base in Djibouti”, The Diploma, July 12, 2017, https://thediplomat.com/2017/07/china-officially-sets-up-its-first-overseas-base-in-djibouti/
“Strait of Malacca Is World's New Piracy Hotspot”, NBC News, March 27, 2014, https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/strait-malacca-worlds-new-piracy-hotspot-n63576
Soeriaatmadja, Wahyudi, “Indonesia plans traffic system for busy Sunda Strait”, The Straits Times, August 4, 2016, https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/indonesia-plans-traffic-system-for-busy-sunda-strait
Menon, Rhea, “Thailand's Kra Canal: China's Way Around the Malacca Strait”, The Diploma, April 6, 2018, https://thediplomat.com/2018/04/thailands-kra-canal-chinas-way-around-the-malacca-strait/
“Indonesia, India plan to develop strategic Indian Ocean port”, The Times Of India, May 30, 2018, https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/indonesia-india-plan-to-develop-strategic-indian-ocean-port/articleshow/64382906.cms
“Indian Navy Gains Access to Port on Strait of Malacca”, The Maritime Eexecutive, May 17, 2018, https://www.maritime-executive.com/article/indian-navy-gains-access-to-port-on-strait-of-malacca#gs.l_j3T6M
Pearson, Natalie Obiko, “Japan Beating China in Race for Indian Ocean Deep-Sea Port”, Bloomberg, June 24, 2015, https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-06-23/japan-beating-china-in-race-for-bangladesh-s-first-deep-sea-port
“Matarbari port to be turned into a deep-sea port”, The Daily Star, January 7, 2018, https://www.thedailystar.net/frontpage/matarbari-port-be-turned-deep-sea-port-1515973
Shahani, Imran, “Gwadar Vs Chabahar”, Eurasia Review, February 9, 2018, https://www.eurasiareview.com/09022018-gwadar-vs-chabahar-oped/
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Giang, Nguyen Khac, “China is making Mekong friends”, East Asia Forum, May 19, 2018, http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/05/19/china-is-making-mekong-friends/
“Myanmar will attract Asian more than Western investors”, Oxford Analytica, May 18, 2018, https://dailybrief.oxan.com/Analysis/DB233823/Myanmar-will-attract-Asian-more-than-Western-investors
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Ng, Teddy, “India and China must be frank with each other to prevent another Doklam, ambassador warns”, South China Morning Post, March 24, 2018, https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2138678/india-and-china-must-be-frank-each-other-prevent
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三、法文部分
一、新聞媒體
Sébastien Le Belzic, “Pourquoi le Burkina Faso tourne le dos à Taïwan”, Le Monde, 29 mai 2018, consulté le 30 mai 2018, https://www.lemonde.fr/afrique/article/2018/05/28/pourquoi-le-burkina-faso-tourne-le-dos-a-taiwan_5305923_3212.html
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
外交學系戰略與國際事務碩士在職專班
105922024
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105922024
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[戰略與國際事務碩士在職專班] 學位論文

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