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Indonesia-Taiwan Cooperation Revisited: A Perspective of Historical Institutions
|Issue Date:||2018-10-01 12:19:38 (UTC+8)|
本研究認為，印度 - 台灣的製度性渠道是通過過去發生的一系列事件建立起來的，這些事件迄今為止產生了路徑依賴。路徑依賴允許機構渠道創造互利合作而不損害彼此的利益。此外，機構渠道使印度尼西亞和台灣能夠根據機構渠道本身質量的提高獲得更多合作。
The absence of diplomatic recognition between Indonesia and Taiwan does not hinder both entities to secure cooperation in various fields. The existence of the institutional channel, namely Taipei Economic and Trade Office (TETO) and Indonesia Economic and Trade Office (IETO), makes it possible for Indonesia and Taiwan to maintain interaction. Indeed, the institutional channel plays a pivotal role but there is a lack of research focusing on this institutional channel at this time. Past researches emphasized on either the domestic situation, national interests, or changing of international community, but never discussed the institutional matters in assessing Indonesia and Taiwan relation.
This research attempts to analyze Indonesia-Taiwan relation from institutional perspective by seeking clarification on the establishment of the institutional channel, its role to increase the cooperation as well as its impact to Indonesia and Taiwan’s cooperation. In order to find the answers, this research will employ historical institutionalism theory, which consists of critical juncture and path dependence as the main variables.
This research is using a case study of IETO and TETO as the methodology. Data is collected through quantitative and qualitative methods. Quantitatively, a content analysis of official texts and collecting existing secondary data will be utilized to collect all relevant data. The quantitative data is gathered through in-depth interview and policy analysis in order to obtain primary data from the policy makers, officials, and experts of Indonesia-Taiwan relation.
This research argues that Indonesia-Taiwan institutional channel was established through a series of event occurred in the past which created path dependence among them up to now. The path dependence allows the institutional channel to create mutually beneficial cooperation without harming each other’s interests. Additionally, the institutional channel enables Indonesia and Taiwan to secure more cooperation in line with the increasing quality of the institutional channel itself.
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