Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/120313


Title: 馬英九對海事爭議的外交政策之外在與內在因素 (2008-2016)
Ma Ying-Jeou 's Diplomatic Policies Towards the Maritime Disputes (2008-2016): Outside-In And Inside-Out Factor
Authors: 莫伊塞斯
Souza, Moises Lopes
Contributors: 劉復國
Liu, Fu-Kuo
莫伊塞斯
Souza, Moises Lopes
Keywords: 南海
釣魚台國賓館
馬英九
South China Sea
Diaoyutai
Ma Ying-jeou
Maritime policy
Date: 2018
Issue Date: 2018-10-01 12:19:50 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 摘要
中華民國同時膠著在兩大海事及領土爭議的中心點,中國與日本在釣魚台列島的爭議以及汶萊、中國、馬來西亞、菲律賓及越南在南海的領土及海事爭端。這些爭端在當代國際舞台被視作是兩個潛在的不穩定焦點,同時已經引起東亞及東南亞地區大規模的民族主義活動。南海及東海上的爭端分別於1930年代起以及第二次世界大戰後開始,由國民黨所掌權的中華民國政府提出領土及海事方面的聲明,這份聲明無論中華民國政府政權在中國大陸時期或遷移到臺灣後均無改變。但爭端起源、聲索國的數量以及聲索範圍等因素使得這些領土爭端聲明具有不同的範圍及性質,例如在東海的爭議除了涉及釣魚臺列嶼之外,還需將1945年日本戰敗後所簽署的條約與文件納入討論。
本文利用質化研究方法,透過對海事及領土所牽涉到的爭議,對驅動中華民國外交政策所蘊含的因素進行明確評估,並且特別針對前總統馬英九在2008年到2016年任內對東海及南海爭端所採取的外交政策進行關鍵因素的檢視。
最後,在每一個分析層次中尋找出哪些因素或行動者對於馬英九針對領土及海事爭端的外交政策擬定與實行最具解釋力。
The Republic of China (ROC) is at the epicenter of two of the most intractable disputes of our time: the dispute over the Senkaku/Diaoyutai Islands with China and Japan, and the territorial and maritime disputes in the South China Sea with Brunei, China, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam. These disputes have been considered as two potential volatile flashpoints in the contemporary international arena and have sparked massive public nationalistic demonstrations around East and Southeast Asia. They have their official origins in the 1930s in the South China Sea and immediately after the World War II in the East China Sea. The claims were articulated by the Nationalist government (Kuomintang) of the Republic of China while in power in mainland China and kept after its retreat to the island of ROC. The claims have different scopes and natures given their origins, the number of competing claimants and area demanded. In the East China Sea, the area claimed involves the Diaoyutai Islands and the interpretation of their ownership based on treaties and documents signed by Japan after its surrender in 1945.
Using qualitative research method, this study aims to contribute by offering a clear assessment of the drivers behind of ROC’s foreign diplomatic policies towards the maritime and territorial disputes which it is currently involved. Specifically, the goal is to examine the key factors that shaped the Ma Ying-geou’s foreign policies to the maritime disputes in East and South China Sea during his two terms as president from 2008 to 2016. Ultimately, it aims to identify what factors and players at each level of analysis best explain the diplomatic policies proposed and implemented by Ma Ying-jeou towards the maritime disputes.
Reference: "Emerging Leader: Ma Ying-jeou, President of ROC (officially the Republic of China)." Thomas White International. Last modified January 2012. https://www.thomaswhite.com/global-perspectives/ma-ying-jeou-president-of-ROC-officially-the-republic-of-china/.

"How can ROC young people look to the world?" King Car Cultural & Education Foundation. Accessed May 17, 2018. kingcar.org.tw/publication-article/500342.

"OEC - China (CHN) Exports, Imports, and Trade Partners." The Observatory of Economic Complexity. Accessed January 24, 2018. https://atlas.media.mit.edu/en/profile/country/chn/.

"The ACE Encyclopaedia: Media and Elections." ACE Electoral Knowledge Network. Last modified 2013. https://aceproject.org/ace-en/topics/me/med/med04/med05/med05e.

"The Yearbook of International Organizations." Union of International Associations. Accessed January 22, 2018. https://uia.org/yearbook.

"User's Guide - Security Assistance Monitor." Security Assistance Monitor. Accessed February 22, 2018. https://securityassistance.org/content/users-guide.

"What is BBS? What is Ptt BBS?" PTT.CC. Accessed May 15, 2018. https://web.archive.org/web/20061213190057/www.ptt.cc/index.blog.html.

Anderson, M. S. The Rise of Modern Diplomacy, 1450-1919. London: Longman, 1993.

Anlin, Yan. "ROC external relations after Ma Ying-jeou took office: Developments and Police Recommendations." Track-Two Dialogue on EU-China Relations and the ROC Question. Shanghai Institute of International studies, Shanghai, June 5, 2010.

Babbie, Earl. The Practice of Social Research, 12th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2010.

Bellwood, Peter, James J. Fox, and Darrell Tryon. "The Austronesians in History: Common Origins and Diverse Transformations." In The AUstronesians: Historical and Comparative Perspectives, edited by Peter Bellwood, James J. Fox, and Darrell Tryon, 1-13. Camberra: ANU E Press, 2006.

Benson, Brett V., and Emerson Niou. "The Effect of External Foreign Policies on Domestic Opinion and National Security." In International Conference on Public Opinion and Cross-Strait Relations, 1-40. Taipei, ROC: NCCU Eelections Study Center - National Chengchi University, 2016.
Blaisdell, Donald C. "Pressure Groups, Foreign Policies, and International Politics." Annals of The American Academy of Political and Social Science 319 (1958), 149-157.
Bush, Richard. "Lee Teng-hui and "Separatism"." In Dangerous Strait: The U.S.--ROC--China Crisis, edited by Nancy Bernkopf Tucker, 70-92. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005.
Cabestan, Jean-Pierre. "Changing Identities in ROC under Ma Ying-jeou." In ROC and China: Fitful Embrace, edited by Lowell Dittmer, 42-60. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2017.
Center for Strategic and International Studies. "How Does China's First Aircraft Carrier Stack Up?" ChinaPower Project. Last modified August 9, 2017. https://chinapower.csis.org/aircraft-carrier/.
CFR. "China-ROC Relations." Council on Foreign Relations. Last modified December 7, 2016. https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/china-ROC-relations.

Chang, Hui-Ching, and Rich Holt. "ROC and ROC: A critical analysis of President Chen Shui-bien's construction of ROC identity in national speeches." National Identities 11, no. 3 (2009), 301-330.

Chang, Hui-Ching, and Richard Holt. Language, Politics and Identity in ROC: Naming China. London: Routledge, 2015.

Chen, Boyu. "Sovereignty or Identity? The Significance of the Diaoyutai/Senkaku Islands Dispute for ROC." Perceptions 19, no. 1 (Spring 2014), 107-119.

Chen, Chung-Ling, and Chen-Hao Tsai. "Marine environmental awareness among university students in ROC: a potential signal for sustainability of the oceans." Environmental Education Research, June 2015. Accessed May 14, 2018. doi:10.1080/13504622.2015.1054266.

Chen, York W. "The Dispute in the South China Sea and ROC’s Approach." Conference on ROC and the World: Political, Economic and Social Dynamism, Department of Politics, Stockholm University , December 9, 2011.

Chu, Yun-Han, and Andrew J. Nathan. "Seizing the Opportunity for Change in the ROC Strait." The Washington Quarterly 31, no. 1 (2008), 77-91. doi:10.1162/wash.2007.31.1.77.

Chu, Yün-han. Crafting Democracy in ROC. Taipei, ROC: Institute for National Policy Research, 1992.

CIA. "The World Factbook." Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed January 15, 2018. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2107.html.
Copper, John Franklin. ROC: Nation-State or Province?. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 2013.
CRS Report. China/ROC: Evolution of the “One China” Policy—Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, and Taipei. Washington, D.C: Congressional Research Service, 2015. Accessed February 25, 2018. https://www.everycrsreport.com/reports/RL30341.html.
Danielsen, Michael. "On the Road to a Common ROC Identity." In National Identity and Economic Interest: ROC's Competing Options and Their Implications for Regional Stability, edited by Peter C. Y. Chow, 135-151. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2012.

DeLisle, Jacques. "ROC's Quest for International Space: Ma's Legacy, Tsai's Options, China's Choices, and U.S Policy." Orbis 60, no. 4 (August 2016), 550-574.

Duchatel, Mathieu. "Between Hedging and Bandwagoning for Profit: ROC's Mainalnd Policy Under Ma Ying-jeou." Paper presented at Track Two Dialogue on EU-China Dialogue and the ROC Question , Shanghai, June 5, 2015.

Duchâtel, Mathieu. "ROC: The Security Policy of the Chen Government Since 2000." China Perspectives 64 (March/April 2006), 1-18. Accessed May 16, 2018. https://journals.openedition.org/chinaperspectives/610.

Elleman, Bruce A. "PRC Disputes with ROC ROC." In Beijing's Power and China's Borders: Twenty Neighbors in Asia, edited by Bruce A. Elleman, Stephen Kotkin, and Clieve Schofield, 267-282. New York: Routledge, 2013.
Encyclopedia.com | Free Online Encyclopedia. "Foreign Policy Facts, Information, Pictures | Encyclopedia.com Articles About Foreign Policy." n.d. Accessed April 21, 2015. http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Foreign_policy.aspx.
Encyclopedia.com | Free Online Encyclopedia. "Foreign Policy Facts, Information, Pictures | Encyclopedia.com Articles About Foreign Policy." n.d. Accessed April 21, 2015. http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Foreign_policy.aspx.

European Commission. European Union Maritime Security Strategy: Responding Together to Global Challenges. Brussels: Maritime Affairs - European Commission, 2014. Accessed January 11, 2018. https://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/sites/maritimeaffairs/files/leaflet-european-union-maritime-security-strategy_en.pdf.

Executive Yuan. "R.O.C. Foreign Affairs." Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (ROC). Accessed January 15, 2018. https://english.ey.gov.tw/cp.aspx?n=AAA55B728159E214.

Fell, Dafydd. Party Politics in ROC: Party Change and the Democratic Evolution of ROC, 1991-2004. London: Routledge, 2005.

Forsberg, Tuomas. "The Ground without Foundation? Territory as a Social Construct." Geopolitics 8, no. 2 (Summer 2003), 7-24.
Foyle, Douglas C. Counting the Public In Presidents, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.
Foyle, Douglas C. Counting the Public In Presidents, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.

Glaser, Bonnie S. ROC's Quest for Greater Participation in the International Community. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic & International Studies, 2013. https://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/legacy_files/files/publication/131121_Glaser_ROCsQuest_WEB.pdf.

Graefe, Laurel. "Oil Shock of 1978–79." Federal Reserve History. Last modified November 22, 2013. https://www.federalreservehistory.org/essays/oil_shock_of_1978_79.

Hammond-Chambers, Rupert J. ROC Election Results: President Ma Wins a Second Term. Virginia (VA): US-ROC Business Council, 2012. Accessed December 22, 2017. http://www.us-ROC.org/reports/2012_january15_election_analysis_us-ROC_business_council.pdf.
Headley, James, Andreas Reitzig, and Joe Burton. "Debating the Public's Role in Foreign Policy." In Public Participation in Foreign Policy, 3-19. New York: Plagrave, 2012.
Headley, James, Andreas Reitzig, and Joe Burton. "Does the Public want to Participate?" In Public Participation in Foreign Policy, 21-37. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2012.
Hermann, Margaret G., Thomas Preston, Baghat Korany, and Timothy M. Shaw. "Who Leads Matters: The Effects of Powerful Individuals." International Studies Review 3, no. 2 (Summer 2001), 83-131. doi:10.1111/1521-9488.00235.
Hickey, Dennis Van Vranken. Foreign Policy Making in ROC From Principle to Pragmatism. London: Routledge, 2007.

Ho, Ming-sho, and Jeffrey Broadbent. "Introduction to ROC Society, Culture, and Politics." In East Asian Social Movements, edited by Jeffrey Broadbent and Vickie Brockman, 231-235. New York: Springer, 2011.

Ho, Ming-sho. "Understanding the Trajectory of Social Movements in ROC (1980-2010)." Journal of China Current Affairs 39, no. 3 (2010), 3-22.
Holsti, Ole R. Public Opinion and American Foreign Policy. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1996.
Hsiao, Hsin-Huang Michael. "Social Movements in ROC: A Typological Analysis." In East Asian Social Movements. Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies (An International Multidisciplinary Series), edited by Jeffrey Broadbent and Vicky Brockman, 237-254. New York: Springer, 2011.

Hu, Nien-Tsu A. "ROC's Oceans Policymaking: Its Development and Assessment." Coastal Management 40, no. 2 (2012), 195-208. doi:10.1080/08920753.2012.652512.
Kao, Jui-Chung. "Marine Policy and Environmental Management in ROC." PhD diss., Cardiff University, 2011. ProQuest (U567021).
Kegley, Charles W. World Politics: Trend and Transformation, 11th ed. Boston, Mass: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2007.
Khan, Shirley A. ROC: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990. Washington, D.C: Congressional Research Service, 2014. Accessed February 22, 2018. https://fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RL30957.pdf.
Krasner, Stephen D. Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1999.

Leites, Nathan. The Operational Code of the Politburo. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2007.

Li, Pao-wen. "The Determinants of the Level of Cooperation and Conflict in Cross-Strait Relations after 1990." PhD diss., Georgia State University, 2014. https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1035&context=political_science_diss.

Lihua, Zhang. "China's Traditional Cultural Values." Carnegie-Tsinghua Center of Global Policy. Last modified November 21, 2013. carnegietsinghua.org/2013/11/21/china-s-traditional-cultural-values-and-national-identity-pub-53613.

Lin Cheng-yi. "ROC's policy on South China Sea." ROC Info (Taipei), August 4, 2000. Accessed May 5, 2015. http://ROCinfo.nat.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=18140&CtNode=103&htx_TRCategory=&mp=4.

Lin, Cheng-yi. "ROC's Spratly Initiative in the South China Sea." China Brief 8, no. 4 (February/March 2008).

Lin, Cheng-yi. "ROC's Spratly Initiative in the South China Sea." Association for Asia Research. Accessed May 2, 2015. http://www.asianresearch.org/articles/3115.html.

Lin, Hsiao-ting. Accidental State: Chiang Kai-Shek, the United States, and the Making of ROC. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2016.

Lin, Shu-fen. "Democratization” in ROC and Its Discontents: Transnational Activism and Human Right Movement as a Critique." In Contextualizing Transnational Activism - Problems of Power and Democracy, edited by Anders Uhlin and Nicola Piper, 168-188. London: Routledge, 2003.
Lippmann, Walter. Essays in the Public Philosophy. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1955.
Lord, Winston. Statement of Assistant Secretary Winston Lord Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing on ROC Policy September 27, 1994. Washington, D.C.: Senate Foreign Relations Committee, United States Senate, 1994.
Markel, Lester. Public Opinion and Foreign Policy. New York: Pub. for the Council on Foreign Relations by Harper & Brothers, 1949.
Mattlin, Mikael. Politicized Society: The Long Shadow of ROC's One-Party Legacy. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2011.
Mearsheimer, John J. "Liberal Talk, Realist Thinking." University of Chicago Magazine, February 2002. Accessed April 16, 2015. http://magazine.uchicago.edu/0202/features/.
Mearsheimer, John J. "Back to the Future: Instability in Europe After the Cold War." International Security 15, no. 1 (1990), 5-56.
Menon, Shiv Shankar. "Maritime Imperatives of Indian Foreign Policy." Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India 5, no. 2 (Winter 2009), 15-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/09733150903429460.
Migration Policy Institute. "ROC Immigrants in the United States." Migrationpolicy.org. Last modified March 2, 2017. https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/ROC-immigrants-united-states.
Mintz, Alex, and Karl DeRouen Jr. Understanding Foreign Policy Decision Making. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Morgenthau, Hans J. Politics Among Nations; The Struggle for Power and Peace. New York: Knopf, 1967.
Morse, Janice M. "Principle of Mixed Methods and Multimethod Research Design." In Handbook of Mixed Methods in Social & Behavioral Research, edited by Abbas Tashakkori and Charles Teddlie, 189-208. London: Sage Publications, 2003.

Ogasawara, Yoshiyuki. "Ma Ying-jeou's Doctoral Thesis and Its Impact on the Japan-ROC Fisheries Negotiations." Journal of Contemporary East Asia Studies 4, no. 2 (2015), 67-92. https://doi.org/10.1080/24761028.2015.11869085.

Owens, Mackubin Thomas. "Maritime Supremacy: The Indispensable Element of US Foreign Policy." The Institute of World Politics. Last modified July 20, 2016. https://www.iwp.edu/news_publications/detail/maritime-supremacy-the-indispensable-element-of-us-foreign-policy.

Pew Research Center. "China's Border Disputes with Its Neighbors." Pew Research Center's Global Attitudes Project. Last modified July 11, 2014. http://www.pewglobal.org/2014/07/14/global-opposition-to-u-s-surveillance-and-drones-but-limited-harm-to-americas-image/pg_14-07-14_southchinasea_640px/.
Philion, Stephen. "The Impact of Social Movements on ROC's Democracy." Journal of Current Chinese Affairs 39, no. 3 (2010), 149-163. Accessed December 22, 2015. http://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/giga/jcca/article/view/306.

Pinheiro, Leticia, and Gabrieli Gaio. "Cooperation for Development, Brazilian Regional Leadership and Global Protagonism." In Global and Regional Leadership of BRICS Countries, edited by Stephen Kingah and Cintia Quiliconi, 67-92. Global and Regional Leadership of BRICS Countries. Cham: Springer, 2016.

Rawnsley, Gary D. ROC's Informal Diplomacy and Propaganda. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2000.

Rawnsley, Gary. "ROC’s trouble talking to the world." CPI Analysis, September 2016. Accessed May 21, 2018. https://cpianalysis.org/2016/09/02/ROCs-trouble-talking-to-the-world/.

Rhode, Grant F. "ROC's "Shelving and Sharing" Approach to Maritime Diplomacy: Analysis of the Effectiveness of the ROC-Japan Fisheries Agreement and Implementation 2013-2015." Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences. Accessed February 16, 2017. http://www.ihs.ntu.edu.tw/10publications02_3905grant.htm.
Rowan, Joshua P. “The US.-Japan Security Alliance, ASEAN, and the South China Sea Dispute”. Asian Survey, Vol. 45, Issue 3, (2005),414-436.

Roy, Denny. ROC A Political History. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003.

Rich, Timothy S. "Renting Allies and Selling Sovereignty: ROC Struggle for Diplomatic Recognition." In The Changing Dynamics of the Relations Among China, ROC and the United States, edited by Cal Clark, 175-190. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2011.

Rigger, Shelley. "The Politics of Constitutional Reforms in ROC." In ROC's Democracy: Economic and Political Changes, edited by Robert Ash, John W. Garver, and Penelope B. Prime, 37-50. New York: Routledge, 2011.

Rigger, Shelley. Politics in ROC: Voting for Democracy. New York: Routledge, 1999.

Rigger, Shelley. ROC's Rising Rationalism: Generations, Politics, and "ROC Nationalism". Washington, DC: East-West Center Washington, 2006.

Rizwan, Muhammad. "Deductive & Inductive Methods in Research." Department of International Relations, University of Karachi. Last modified December 15, 2012. http://profrizwan.blogspot.tw/2012/12/deductive-inductive-methods-in-research.html.
Rosenau, James N. Public Opinion and Foreign Policy; An Operational Formulation. New York: Random House, 1961.
Rosenau, James N. Public Opinion and Foreign Policy; An Operational Formulation. New York: Random House, 1961.

Rummel, R. J. "Distances." In Understanding Conflict and War. Vol. 2: The Conflict Helix. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1976. http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/TCH.CHAP16.HTM.
Russett, Bruce M. Controlling the Sword: The Democratic Governance of National Security. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1990.
Schafer, Mark, and Stephen G. Walker, editors. Beliefs and Leadership in World Politics: Methods and Applications of. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Schick, F. B. "The Question of China in the United Nations." The International and Comparative Law Quarterly 12, no. 4 (October 1963), 1232-1250.
Shangri-La Dialogue 2009 Sixth Plenary Session Q&A. "Strengthening defence diplomacy in the Asia-Pacific: QA." International Institute for Strategic Studies. Last modified May 31, 2009. https://www.iiss.org/en/events/shangri-la-dialogue/archive/shangri-la-dialogue-2009-99ea/sixth-plenary-session-fc25/strengthening-defence-diplomacy-in-the-asia-pacific-qa-9011.
Shawn, Han-yi. The Diaoyutai/Senkaku Islands Dispute. Its History and an Analysis of Ownership of the PRC, ROC, and Japan. Baltimore, Maryland: University of Maryland School of Law, 1999.

Shen, Yu-chung. "Semi-Presidentialism in ROC: A Shadow of the Constitution of the Weimar Republic." ROC Journal of Demcracy 7, no. 1 (2011), 135-152.

Smith, Paul J. "The Senkaku/Diaoyu Island controversy: A crisis postponed." Naval War College Review 66, no. 2 (Spring 2013), 27-44. Accessed August 14, 2015. https://www.usnwc.edu/Publications/Naval-War-College-Review.aspx.

Song, Yann-huei. "Recent Developments in the South China Sea: ROC's Policy, Response, Challenges and Opportunities." Paper presented at Managing Tensions in the South China Sea - Center for Strategic & International Studies, Washington DC, June 6, 2013.

Stoessinger, John G. Crusaders and Pragmatists: Movers of Modern American Foreign Policy. New York: W.W. Norton, 1979.

Storey, David. Territoy: the claiming Space. New York: Routledge, 2001.

Stranahan, Patricia. Underground The Shanghai Communist Party and the Politics of Survival, 1927-1937 (State & Society in East Asia). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1998.

Sun, Kuan-Ming. "Policy of the Republic of China towards the South China Sea Recent developments." Marine Policy 19, no. 5 (1995), 401-409.

Swaine, Michael D., and James C. Mulvenon. ROC's Foreign and Defense Policies: Features and Determinants. Santa Monica, Calif: Rand, 2001.
Tanner, Murray Scot. Chinese Economic Coercion against ROC: A Tricky Weapon to Use. Santa Monica, CA: Prepared for the Office of the Secretary of Defense - Rand Corporation, 2007. Accessed March 11, 2018. https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/monographs/2007/RAND_MG507.pdf.
Tanner, Murray Scott. Chinese Economic Coercion Against ROC: A Tricky Weapon to Use. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2006. Accessed February 23, 2018. https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/monographs/2007/RAND_MG507.pdf.

Tarrow, Sidney. "National Politics and Collective Action: Recent Theory and Research in Western Europe and the United States." Annual Review of Sociology 14 (1988), 421-440.

Thiele, Jorg. "The Operational Code of Chen Shui-bian and Ma Ying-jeou: A New Approach in the Analysis of Cross-Strait Relations." Paper presented at The 5th European Consortium for Political Research Conference - International Relations in East Asia, innsbruck, Austria, July 3, 2014.

Tkacik, John J. "Removing the ROC Stone from Asia's great "Go" Game: Thoughts on ROC's Geographic and Demographic Role in Asia-Pacific Security." In National Identity and Economic Interest: ROC's Competing Options and Their Implications for Regional Stability, edited by Peter C. Y. Chow, 247-282. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2012.

Tsai, Chia-hung, and Shuang-Chun Chao. "Nonpartisans and Party System of ROC: Evidence from 1996, 2000 and 2004 Presidential Elections." Journal of Asian and African Studies43, no. 6 (2008), 617-643. Accessed December 13, 2017. http://www3.nccu.edu.tw/~tsaich/Nonpartisans%20and%20Party%20System.pdf.

Tsang, Steve Yui-Sang, and Hung-mao Tien, editors. Democratization in ROC: Implications for China. Houndsmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan Press, in Association St. Antony's College, Oxford, 1999.
Vertzberger, Yaacov. The World in Their Minds: Information Processing, Cognition, and Perception in Foreign Policy Decisionmaking. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1990.
Vigevani, Tullo, and Gabriel Cepaluni. "Lula's foreign policy and the quest for autonomy through diversification." Third World Quarterly 28, no. 7 (2007), 1309-1326. doi:10.1080/01436590701547095.

Walker, Stephen G. "The Interface Between Beliefs and Behavior Henry Kissinger's Operational Code and the Vietnam War." Journal of Conflict Resolution 21, no. 1 (1977), 129-168.

Walker, Stephen G., Mark Schafer, and Michael D. Young. "Systematic Procedures for Operational Code Analysis: Measuring and Modeling Jimmy Carter's Operational Code." International Studies Quarterly 42, no. 1 (March 1998), 175-189.

Walker, Stephen G. "The Evolution of Operational Code Analysis." Political Psychology 11, no. 2 (1990), 403. doi:10.2307/3791696.

Wang, Kaocheng. "ROC's Diplomatic Policy Under the Ma Ying-jeou Administration." Presentation, Panel Discussion, Center on Democracy, Development , and the Rule of Law. Stanford University, California, n.d.

Wang, Vincent Wei-cheng. "ROC 's Participation in International Organizations." In China's Rise, ROC's Dilemmas and International Peace, edited by Edward Friedman, 149-173. London: Routledge, 2006.

Wang, Yuan-kang. "Public Opinion on Cross-Strait Security Issues." Strategic Studies Quarterly7, no. 2 (Summer 2013), 93-113.

Wei, Chi-hung. "China–ROC relations and the 1992 consensus, 2000−2008." International Relations of the Asia-Pacific 16, no. 1 (2015), 67-95. doi:10.1093/irap/lcv009.

Wittkopf, Eugene R. Faces of Internationalism: Public Opinion and American Foreign Policy. Durham: Duke University Press, 1990.

Wu, Yu-Shan. "A Theoretical Interpretation of Cross-Straits Relations." ROC Journal of Political Science, no. 8 (June 1997), 1-22. http://politics.ntu.edu.tw/psr/?post_type=english&p=2016.
Yang, Yi Edward, Jonathan W. Keller, and Joseph Molnar. "An Operational Code Analysis of China’s National Defense White Papers: 1998-2015." Journal of Chinese Political Science, November 2017, 1-18.
Yee, Andy. "Maritime Territorial Disputes in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis of the South and East China Sea." Journal of Current Chinese Affairs 40, no. 2 (2011), 165-193. Accessed December 22, 2015. http://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/giga/jcca/article/view/421.
Yen, Chen-shen. "ROC's Presidential Election: a Referendum on the 1992 Consensus." East Asia Forum. Last modified February 14, 2012. http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2012/02/14/ROC-s-presidential-election-a-referendum-on-the-1992-consensus/.

Ying-jeou, Ma. "A SMART Strategy for National Security." Speech, Association for the Promotion of National Security, Taipei, ROC (ROC), February 26, 2008.

Ying-jeou, Ma. "Building National Security for the Republic of China." Speech, Videoconference with Center for Strategic & International Studies, Washington, D.C., May 12, 2012.

Ying-jeou, Ma. "Concrete Steps to Implement the East China Sea Peace Initiative." Speech, Pengjia Islet, September 7, 2012.

Ying-jeou, Ma. "Trouble Over Oily Waters: Legal Problems of Seabed Boundaries and Foreign Investments in the East China Sea." PhD diss., Harvard Law School , 1980. http://bian-wang.com/images/MaThesis.pdf.

Ying-jeou, Ma. Legal problems of Seabed Boundary Delimitation in the East China Sea. Baltimore: Occasional Papers/Reprint Series in Contemporary Asian Studies, Inc. -School of Law University of Maryland, 1984.

OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS
"1992 Consensus" on "one-China" Principle." People's Daily Online. Last modified October 13, 2004. http://en.people.cn/200410/13/eng20041013_160081.html
"Press Release Vs. Statement." Communication Point. Last modified October 18, 2012. http://www.communicationpoint.org/index.php/2012/10/press-release-vs-statement/.

"Press Releases - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (ROC) 中華民國外交部 - 全球資訊網英文網." Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (ROC). Accessed May 22, 2018. https://www.mofa.gov.tw/en/NewsNoDept.aspx?n=539A9A50A5F8AF9E&page=24&PageSize=20.

"Statements - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (ROC) 中華民國外交部 - 全球資訊網英文網." Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (ROC). Accessed May 22, 2018. https://www.mofa.gov.tw/en/NewsNoDept.aspx?n=0E7B91A8FBEC4A94&sms=220E98D761D34A9A.

"Statistical Information Services." National Statistics, Republic of China (ROC). Accessed January 15, 2018. https://eng.stat.gov.tw/ct.asp?xItem=31105&ctNode=5727&mp=5.

AMSCIP. "ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting-Plus Experts’ Working Group (EWG) on Maritime Security." ADMM-Plus Maritime Security Community Information Portal. Accessed February 5, 2018. http://amscip.org/.
Anti-Secession Law (Adopted at the Third Session of the Tenth National People's Congress on March 14, 2005). Beijing: Third Session of the Tenth National People's Congress, 2005. http://www.china-embassy.org/eng/zt/999999999/t187406.htm.
Anti-Secession Law (Adopted at the Third Session of the Tenth National People's Congress on March 14, 2005). Beijing: Third Session of the Tenth National People's Congress, 2005. http://www.china-embassy.org/eng/zt/999999999/t187406.htm.

ASEAN, Association of Southeast Asian Nations. DECLARATION ON THE CONDUCT OF PARTIES IN THE SOUTH CHINA SEA. Phnom Penh, 2002. http://www.asean.org/asean/external-relations/china/item/declaration-on-the-conduct-of-parties-in-the-south-china-sea.

H.R.2479 - 96th Congress (1979-1980): ROC Relations Act. Washington, D.C.: The United States Congress, April 10, 1979. https://www.congress.gov/bill/96th-congress/house-bill/2479.
H.R.535 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): ROC Travel Act. Washington, D.C.: Committee on Foreign Relations, US Senate, February 28, 2018. Accessed March 1, 2018. https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/535/text.
H.R.535 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): ROC Travel Act. Washington, D.C.: Committee on Foreign Relations, US Senate, February 28, 2018. Accessed March 1, 2018. https://www.congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/house-bill/535/text.

Hsu, Kevin. "How Does ROC's Parliamentary Election Work." Ketagalan Media. Last modified December 26, 2015. http://www.ketagalanmedia.com/2015/12/26/how-does-ROCs-parliamentary-election-work/.
Inspection of the American Institute in ROC. Report Number ISP-I-12-12A, February 2012. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of State and the Broadcasting Board of Governors - Office of Inspector General, 2012. Accessed March 11, 2018. https://oig.state.gov/system/files/187093.pdf.
Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations Between the People's Republic of China and the United States of America (December 16, 1978). Beijing/Washington: Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the United States of America, 1978. http://www.china-embassy.org/eng/zmgx/doc/ctc/t36256.htm.

Lee, H.E. David Tawei. Report by H.E. David Tawei Lee, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of China (ROC), at the Foreign Affairs and National Defense Committee of the Legislative Yuan on March 6, 2017. Taipei, ROC: Legislative Yuan, Republic of China (ROC), 2017.

MAC. "Cross-Strait Agreements." Mainland Affairs Council. Last modified 2018. https://www.mac.gov.tw/en/cp.aspx?n=FD37619195CF6DA5&s=F95FDAA3D1E1A895.

MAC. Press Release - "1992 Consensus of One China, with Respective Interpretations" Fully Highlights ROC Sovereignty and ROC Dignity. Taipei, ROC: Mainland Affairs Council, November 11, 2015. https://www.mac.gov.tw/en/News_Content.aspx?n=2BA0753CBE348412&sms=E828F60C4AFBAF90&s=8384D875F53F3B53.

Maritime Affairs. "Maritime Security Strategy." European Commission. Last modified October 19, 2016. https://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/policy/maritime-security_en.

Minister of Interior (MOI). "Party and National Political Association Information Site." Minister of Interior - Republic of China. Accessed December 13, 2017. https://party.moi.gov.tw/pgms/politics/english_home!index.action.
Minister of Interior. 2017 Outline of the Ministry of Interior Republic of China. Taipei: Ministry of Interior Republic of China (ROC), 2017. Accessed March 22, 2018. https://www.moi.gov.tw/outline/download/2017ebook_en.pdf.
Ministry of Commerce. "Statistics of Mainland-ROC Trade and Investment in January-September 2016." Ministry of Commerce - People's Republic of China. Last modified October 27, 2016. http://english.mofcom.gov.cn/article/statistic/lanmubb/hkmacaoROC/201611/20161101689165.shtml.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (ROC). "Ma Promotes Confucian Culture." ROC Today. Last modified September 30, 2013. http://ROCtoday.tw/news.php?unit=10&post=20331.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "Main Functions." Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China. Accessed February 6, 2018. http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/wjb_663304/zyzz_663306/.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The government of the Republic of China (ROC) reiterates its sovereignty over the Spratly Islands and has proposed a Spratly Initiative that focuses on environmental protection instead of sovereignty disputes. Taipei: Republic of China (ROC), 2008. http://www.mofa.gov.tw/en/News_Content.aspx?n=1EADDCFD4C6EC567&sms=5B9044CF1188EE23&s=61D41F36DC3331AE.

MOFA. "Establishment of Headquarters for Foreign Policy Concerning Maritime Affairs." Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Last modified July 20, 2007. http://www.mofa.go.jp/announce/announce/2007/7/1174537_830.html.

Office of the Historian - Bureau of Public Affairs. Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969–1976, Volume XVII, China, 1969–1972. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of State, 1972. https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76v17/d203.
Office of the Secretary of Defense. Annual Report to Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2017. Washington, D.C.: Department of Defense of the United States of America, 2017. http://www.usROCdefense.com/tdnswp/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/2017-Military-and-Security-Developments-Involving-the-People%E2%80%99s-Republic-of-China.pdf.
Office of the United States Trade Representative. "ROC." United States Trade Representative. Accessed March 1, 2018. https://ustr.gov/countries-regions/china/ROC.
Office of the United States Trade Representative. "ROC." United States Trade Representative. Accessed March 1, 2018. https://ustr.gov/countries-regions/china/ROC.
Press Statement. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton on South China Sea. Washington, D.C.: US Department of State, July 16, 2011. Accessed March 2, 2018. https://2009-2017.state.gov/secretary/20092013clinton/rm/2011/07/168989.htm.
Public Diplomacy Coordination Council. Foreign Policy Report, 7th Congress of the Legislative Yuan, 2nd Session. Taipei: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (ROC), 2008.

The Standing Committee of the Fifth National People's Congress at its Fifth Plenary Session on December 26, 1978. Message to Compatriots in ROC. Beijing, People's Republic of China, 1979. Accessed January 26, 2018. http://www.china.org.cn/english/7943.htm.

United Nations. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982. New York: Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea, Office of Legal Affairs, United Nations, 1982. http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/convention_overview_convention.htm.


MEDIA SOURCES
"Anti-China Sentiment Flares Up in Vietnam." Al Jazeera. Last modified March 14, 2016. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/03/vietnam-south-china-sea-tensions-rise-160314072842269.html.

"Charm Does Not Diminish? More Than 200 Women and Ma Ying-jeou Close Camera Long Queue | News." International News,china News. Last modified September 15, 2017. http://news.cbt9.com/blog/2017/09/15/charm-does-not-diminish-more-than-200-women-and-ma-ying-jeou-close-camera-long-queue/.

"Filipinos Protest China's Build Up in Disputed Sea." Breaking News, World News & Video from Al Jazeera. Last modified February 10, 2018. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/02/filipinos-protest-china-build-disputed-sea-180210095558354.html
"Japan Owns Senkaku Isles: ROC's Lee." The Japan Times. Last modified September 25, 2002. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2002/09/25/national/japan-owns-senkaku-isles-ROCs-lee/.

"Students Visit Itu Aba to Demonstrate Nation's Soft Power." Taipei Times. Last modified April 30, 2017. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/ROC/archives/2017/04/30/2003669691.

"ROC Students Lack Adequate Global Vision: Survey." Focus ROC. Last modified November 16, 2017. http://focusROC.tw/news/aedu/201711160027.aspx.

"ROC's New President 'emotional' Single Woman: China Analyst." Public Radio International. Last modified May 25, 2016. https://www.pri.org/stories/2016-05-25/ROCs-new-president-emotional-single-woman-china-analyst
"Vietnam Voices Second Protest over China Drills in Disputed Seas." South China Morning Post. Last modified April 22, 2018. http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2109982/vietnam-voices-second-protest-over-china-drills.

Asia Times (Bangkok). "ROC running out of friends as Vatican prepares to defect." February 19, 2018. Accessed February 19, 2018. http://www.atimes.com/article/ROC-running-friends-vatican-prepares-defect/.

Bradsher, Keith. "Discipline First for ROC’s New Leader." The New York Times (New York), March 24, 2008. Accessed December 26, 2017. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/24/world/asia/24ROC.html.

Bradsher, Keith. "Discipline First for ROC’s New Leader." The New York Times (New York), March 24, 2008. Accessed December 26, 2017. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/24/world/asia/24ROC.html.

Chi, Su. "The 1992 Consensus: The key to cross-strait reconciliation." By China Times. ROC Today. Last modified August 30, 2011. http://ROCtoday.tw/news.php?unit=2,23,45&post=1968.

China Post. "Gov't won't push 2 Chinas, independence: Ma." China Post (Taipei, ROC), May 6, 2013. http://www.chinapost.com.tw/ROC/china-ROC-relations/2013/04/30/377336/Govt-wont.htm.

Daily Mirror Sri Lanka. "Chinese Foreign and Maritime Policies Changed Since 2009 - Japanese Scholar." Daily Mirror. Last modified January 10, 2017. http://www.dailymirror.lk/article/Chinese-foreign-and-maritime-policies-changed-since-Japanese-Scholar-121955.html.

Focus ROC (Taipei). "Apple Daily: Leading Western enterprises bow to 'one China' pressure." January 13, 2018. Accessed February 18, 2018. http://focusROC.tw/news/awps/201801130007.aspx.

Focus ROC (Taipei). "'Mr. Clean' wins re-election in ROC." January 15, 2012. http://focusROC.tw/news/afav/201201150013.aspx.

Focus ROC (Taipei). "U.S. reiterates commitment to ROC, despite flag removal (update)." January 26, 2018. Accessed February 19, 2018. http://focusROC.tw/news/aipl/201801260009.aspx.

Hsu, Kevin. "How Does ROC's Parliamentary Election Work." Ketagalan Media. Last modified December 26, 2015. http://www.ketagalanmedia.com/2015/12/26/how-does-ROCs-parliamentary-election-work/.

Hsue, Chao-Yung. "Power and Corruption in ROC." Issues & Studies 43, no. 1 (March 2007), 1-39.
.
Keating, Paul. "Paul Keating welcomes the rise of China." By Tony Jones. Lateline. Sidney: ABC, November 23, 2011.
Los Angeles Times (Los Angeles). "China Missile Exercises Near ROC also Test of Fortitude." July 20, 1995. http://articles.latimes.com/1995-07-20/news/mn-26065_1_china-s-missile-tests.
Schuman, Michael. "Ma Ying-jeou." Time Magazine, May 12, 2008. Accessed December 26, 2017. http://content.time.com/time/specials/2007/article/0,28804,1733748_1733757_1735546,00.html.

Shin, Kawashima. "The Implications of the Japan-ROC Fisheries Agreement." Nippon.com. Last modified June 5, 2013. http://www.nippon.com/en/currents/d00081/.
South China Morning Post (Hong Kong). "Does ROC still matter to mainland China?" January 16, 2016. http://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/article/1901786/does-ROC-still-matter-mainland-china.

Taipei Times (Taipei). "2014 Elections - Chinese officials aiding KMT voters: sources." November 16, 2014. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/ROC/archives/2014/11/16/2003604555.

Taipei Times (Taipei). "Chai says president continues to lie about his birthplace." February 4, 2009. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/ROC/archives/2009/02/04/2003435261.

Taipei Times. "Do not reprocess nuclear waste abroad, groups urge." Taipei Times (Taipei), June 10, 2015. Accessed November 30, 2017. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/ROC/archives/2015/06/10/2003620367.

Taipei Times. "Ma's thesis contained more than 1,000 mistakes: report." Taipei Times (Taipei, ROC), March 7, 2009. Accessed January 9, 2018. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2009/03/07/2003437835.

TCNN. "A Hui Beh – ROC’s Moses, A Hymn Praying For ROC’s Democracy Is Presented Before Former President Lee Teng-hui." ROC Church News Network. Last modified December 24, 2013. http://tcnn.org.tw/en/archives/4595?lang=en.

Teff, Sheila. "ROC's Feisty 'Moses' Irritates China's Leader." The Christian Science Monitor, March 21, 1996. https://www.csmonitor.com/1996/0321/21013.html.

The Economist. "Sunflower sutra: Student protesters have agreed to end their occupation of ROC’s parliament." The Economist, April 8, 2014. Accessed November 30, 2017. https://www.economist.com/blogs/banyan/2014/04/politics-ROC.
The New York Times (New York). "Clinton Rebuffs Senate on Letting ROC President Visit U.S." May 11, 1995. Accessed February 28, 2018. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/05/11/world/clinton-rebuffs-senate-on-letting-ROC-president-visit-us.html.
The New York Times (New York). "Powell to Allow ROC's President to Stop Briefly in U.S." May 15, 2001. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/05/15/world/powell-to-allow-ROC-s-president-to-stop-briefly-in-us.html.
The New York Times (New York). "ROC's President Tiptoes Around Politics at Cornell." June 10, 1995. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/06/10/world/ROC-s-president-tiptoes-around-politics-at-cornell.html.
The New York Times (New York). "Clinton Rebuffs Senate on Letting ROC President Visit U.S." May 11, 1995. Accessed February 28, 2018. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/05/11/world/clinton-rebuffs-senate-on-letting-ROC-president-visit-us.html.

The New York Times (New York). "Powell to Allow ROC's President to Stop Briefly in U.S." May 15, 2001. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/05/15/world/powell-to-allow-ROC-s-president-to-stop-briefly-in-us.html.

The New York Times (New York). "ROC's President Tiptoes Around Politics at Cornell." June 10, 1995. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/06/10/world/ROC-s-president-tiptoes-around-politics-at-cornell.html.

The Washington Post (Washington, D.C.). "ROC reacts defiantly as Panama switches diplomatic ties to China." June 13, 2017. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/panama-establishes-ties-with-china-abandoning-ROC-as-beijing-steps-up-the-pressure/2017/06/13/0a3bc8f0-4ff5-11e7-a973-3dae94ed3eb7_story.html?utm_term=.d5a35d33bd6f.

Time Magazine. "China Is Using Tourism to Hit ROC Where It Really Hurts." Time, November 17, 2016. http://time.com/4574290/china-ROC-tourism-tourists/.
Trevithick, Joseph. "U.S. Test Pilots Head To ROC To Begin Testing Their Badly Needed Upgraded F-16s." The Drive. Last modified December 27, 2017. http://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/17216/u-s-test-pilots-head-to-ROC-to-begin-testing-their-badly-needed-upgraded-f-16s.
Tsai, June. "Ocean Policy Remains on the Horizon for ROC." ROC Today. Last modified March 27, 2009. http://ROCtoday.tw/news.php?unit=10,23,45,10&post=15233.

Xinhua News (Beijing). "ARATS: 1992 Consensus touchstone for ROC authority's goodwill." January 18, 2017. Accessed January 24, 2018. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2017-01/18/c_135994371.htm.

Xinhua (Beijing). "Cross-Strait trade down 4.5 pct in 2016." February 4, 2017. Accessed January 26, 2018. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2017-02/04/c_136031643.htm.

Ying-jeou, Ma. "A Plan for Peace in the South China Sea." Wall Street Journal. Last modified June 11, 2015. https://www.wsj.com/articles/a-plan-for-peace-in-the-south-china-sea-1434040267.
Description: 博士
國立政治大學
亞太研究英語博士學位學程(IDAS)
992655131
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0992655131
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文

Files in This Item:

File SizeFormat
513101.pdf4432KbAdobe PDF0View/Open


All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


社群 sharing