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|Other Titles:||Global and Local:Leaming Regions of Hsin-chu and Taichung Compared|
globalization;localization;science park;machine tools industry;learning region
|Issue Date:||2008-12-02 15:16:05 (UTC+8)|
In the age of globalization, regions that have competitive advantages in the world market have been due mainly to factors of geographical proximity, social capitals and institutional learning mechanisms. In this paper, we investigate the historical trajectories of how and why the Hsin-chu scientific industrial park and Taichung's machine tools industry have restructured to become learning regions. We argue that the machine tools industry in Taichung area was a self-propelled one. It was after the 1980s that an industrial network has been developed to form the area to become a machine tools region. However, it was only in the 1990s, because of the set up of various research and development institutes and their functions to integrate the existing intensive learning mechanisms of the networking firms, the characteristics of a learning region appear. Different from the Taichung machine tools region, the Hsin-chu scientific industrial park was a creation of the state. The sources of knowledge and technology of the firms were mainly transferred from the Industrial and Technology Research Institute, overseas Chinese and foreign firms. It was from the late 1980s that the industrial network has developed to enhance the networking interactions and learning mechanisms, plus the increasing intensity of strategic alliances among firms, this area has become a learning region toward innovation. Finally, we argue that the Taichung region lacked strong global connection which shows characteristics of weak competition. On the contrary, the Hsin-chu scientific industrial park has integrated various learning mechanisms with global firms and synergized to become an innovative milieu, which have shown the characteristics of a strong competition type that involves more intensive learning and knowledge-creation activities."
|Relation:||台灣社會學刊, No.24, pp.179-237.|
|Appears in Collections:||[勞工研究所] 期刊論文|
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