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Title: 高速鐵路對於住宅價格之影響分析—臺灣實證研究
The Impact Analysis of Taiwan High-speed Rail on Housing Prices
Authors: 陳奕真
Chen, Yi-Chen
Contributors: 蔡育新
Tsai, Yu-Hsin
Chen, Yi-Chen
Keywords: 高速鐵路
High-speed Rail
Location of HSR station
Housing price
Hedonic price method
Hierarchical Linear Model (HLM)
Date: 2018
Issue Date: 2019-02-12 15:51:06 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 交通運輸設施能使地區間的可及性產生變化,造成人們的旅次行為模式及場站周邊的土地使用產生改變,進而影響房地產市場之供給與需求,使得房地產價格連帶受到影響。臺灣高鐵開通營運至今已屆滿十年,其大幅縮短臺灣西岸的旅行時間,全國各地區之可及性將重新配置,可能影響臺灣整體房地產市場。本研究目的在於實證分析高鐵對於住宅價格之影響,並針對不同空間尺度與高鐵不同設站區位對於房地產價格之影響效果進行探討。
Transportation facilities could change the accessibility between regions, causing changes in people's travel behavior patterns and land use around the station, which in turn affects the supply and demand of the real estate market, and finally affects the housing prices. High-speed Rail (HSR) has been in operation for ten years in Taiwan. It has significantly shortened the travel time on the west coast of Taiwan. The accessibility of the country will be restructured, which may affect overall real estate market. The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of HSR on housing prices, and to examine whether different spatial scales and different station locations will cause different impact on housing prices.
This study applies Hedonic Price Method and Hierarchical Linear Modeling for empirical research. The result shows that the accessibility of HSR has a significant impact on housing price that housing price will decrease when the housing distance (Euclidean distance) increase from the station, and this impact also works in the country level. Furthermore, the housing price will also increase with higher service level. In addition, the location of the HSR station will led to different impacts on housing prices. If the nearest HSR station is located in the city center, the housing price will be the highest.
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UIC (2016). GENERAL DEFINITIONS OF HIGHSPEED from UIC on the World Wide Web:
行政院經濟建設委員會(2007年12月),「愛臺 12 建設」總體計畫。
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