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Research on River Ecological Value Assessment and Ecological Compensation - Focus on no Net Loss
Ecological Compensation Priciple;Fazih River;no net loss;Wetland Rapid Assessment Procedure
|Issue Date:||2019-03-28 09:16:07 (UTC+8)|
In order to confirm the core value of ecological compensation, the United States established the principle of no-net-loss in 1990. The principle is used to balance water economic development and ecological conservation. No net loss is also provided in the Taiwan Wetland Conservation Act of 2013. However, there are no more specific provisions on how to implement it, and there are no examples or models of practical operation. Although the law in taiwan already provides the ecological compensation system on the coastal, wetlands, transportation. However, there is no discussion of ecological compensation in the ＂river and streams＂, which is inseparable from human activities. It seems that the authorities' oversight of the ecological value of river streams seems to be too neglected. This paper attempted to find the appropriate way to evaluate the ecosystem value of the river, and calculated the ecological compensation of the Taichung Fa-Tzu River by WRAP. This paper finds that ecosystem values are not the same as ecosystem services. Therefore, the definition of ＂no net loss＂ should be defined first and implemented from the legal system. In addition, there is no high degree of testability ecological value of the rivers in Taiwan, and the restoration of ecological compensation can not be determined. In this paper, it is suggested that the original ecological coefficient should be maintained and the compensation area should be increased, but there must be a clear and enforceable monitoring mechanism. If the area and ecological factors are to be increased, the ecological conditions of the original conservation site may be replaced by other ecological conditions to enhance the ecological coefficient of the area. How to implement the ecological compensation to avoid the illegal use of river lands, there must be a clear legal norm.
|Relation:||臺灣土地研究, 20(1), pp.37-70|
|Appears in Collections:||[臺灣土地研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文|
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