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Ecosystem Services and Sustainable Development Science Plan
biodiversity;core research programmes;ecosystem services;sustainable development
|Issue Date:||2019-03-28 09:17:45 (UTC+8)|
According to ＂the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment＂ published by the United Nations in 2005, the global ecosystems can provide four categories of services, i.e. supporting, provisioning, regulating and cultural services, which are vital to human welfare. However, ecosystems around the world have been modified at an unprecedented speed and scale to meet the various development needs of mankind. While promoting economic development, these changes have also caused serious degradation of ecosystem service, elevating environmental risk and the extent of poverty, etc. Therefore, international scientific organizations initiated several projects and programmes to deal with the complex issues of impact on sustainable development due to global loss of biodiversity and changes of ecosystem service. In 2014, these research projects and programmes were integrated into ＂the Future Earth＂, which is an international scientific platform aiming to study scientific issues of global sustainable development. The platform's global plans also include a number of research projects associated with ecosystem services, which are expected to provide scientific knowledge to meet the needs of policy makers in addressing the issue of sustainable development. The diverse ecosystems of Taiwan can provide multiple services which are critical to national sustainable development. Therefore, ＂ecosystem services＂ was included as one of the seven themes included in the core research programmes of the Department of Natural Science and Sustainable Development of the Ministry of Science and Technology in 2013. Natural divisions of the Department of science and technology ＂sustainable＂ in 2013, according to the school’s future in the seven core programmes of research, development and planning, which includes the ＂ecosystem services＂ theme. In this article, we provided recommendations on research priorities of ecosystem service that will meet the needs of sustainable development in Taiwan, by recalling the global progress in ecosystem service research, and taking into account the status of relevant research and scientific knowledge needed by the government and societal in this field in Taiwan.
|Relation:||臺灣土地研究, 21(2), pp.137-152|
|Appears in Collections:||[臺灣土地研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文|
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