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Ideas and Attitudes on "Military Nationalization"in China and Taiwan
Military Nationalization;Civilian Control;Civil-Military Relations;Party-State System;Political Neutrality;Military Professionalism
|Issue Date:||2019-03-28 10:18:54 (UTC+8)|
This essay attempts to investigate and comment on the perceptions and attitudes of people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait regarding the nationalization of the military. In Taiwan, in the effort to gain control over the military, the oppositions Chinese Communist and Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) made strategic use of this concept, criticizing the rules or the Kuomintang of monopolizing control over the military and calling for nationalization of the military. However, it has sung a totally different tune since coming into power.The Chinese Communist political structure is essentially a Leninist party-state system that emphasizes supreme control of the party over the mechanisms of the state. Under such an arrangement, civil-military relations follow a model of party leadership over the military, where the party exercises supremacy over the state, government, military, and the people. Consequently, the system holds that the military belongs to the party and is thus resolutely opposed to military nationalization, Military de-politicization, and non-party affiliation of the military. Having made the transition from authoritarian rule to an open democratic model, Taiwan’s political system stresses civil sovereignty, civil supremacy, and civilian control over the military. Consequently, it holds that the military belongs to the nation and its people, and that military personnel should maintain political neutrality. Taiwan has essentially put this concept into practice. With the ongoing modernization and professionalization of the People’s Liberation Army, mainland China’s emphasis on absolute party leadership over the military, while based on conventional and practical considerations, is bound to face increasing pressure to confront the challenges of military nationalization.
|Relation:||東亞研究, 35(2), pp.33-70|
|Appears in Collections:||[East Asia Studies] Periodical Articles|
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