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Main Strategies and Principles of the PRC's Foreign Policy
multi-polarization;multi-literal diplomacy;diplomatic strategy toward big power;partnership;hegemony
|Issue Date:||2019-04-25 11:15:52 (UTC+8)|
Tracking back past five decades, this paper observes the basic principles of the PRC's foreign affairs. In the founding stage, China's fundamental principal was to fight isolation and blockade by the United States alliance while safeguarded her sovereignty. Then, the PRC sought both U.N. membership and establishing diplomatic ties with the U.S. In the 1980s, she adepted the open door policy to attract foreign investments so as to develop her economy. Recently, the PRC has focused on increasing its ”Comprehensive National Power,” with the aim of becoming a hegemon. The main diplomatic strategies deplored by PRC have changed time by time according to the above principles. Before entering the U.N. in 1971, the main-stream of PRC's diplomatic strategy was ”turning to one side.” In addition, it strove for the support of the newly independent developing countries. After acquiring a seat in the U.N., the PRC's diplomatic strategies turned to ”engaging the U.S. while resisting the U.S.S.R.” and ”extending mutual relationships with other nations.” In the 1980s, in order to develop its domestic economic, the PRC avoided intervening in international conflicts. Moreover, China used its vast market as an incentive not only to attract but also strengthen its diplomatic relations with other nations. In the 1990s, it has applied several diplomatic guidelines so as to promote the development of multi-polarization, which has included taking an active part in multilateral diplomacy, exploiting its status and prestige in the UN and other international organizations, adopting diplomatic strategies toward big powers, and establishing partnership and bilateral strategic cooperation. Although the PRC's diplomatic policy alternated between the USSR and the US throughout these five decades, now China has prepared itself for hegemony.
|Relation:||中國大陸研究, 42(10), 29-44|
|Appears in Collections:||[中國大陸研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文|
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