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Between ＂Central Diplomacy＂ and ＂Local Diplomacy＂: A Study of Wang Zhichun's Diplomatic Mission during the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895
Wang Zhichun;the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895;Zhang Zhidong;Li Hongzhang;Local diplomacy
|Issue Date:||2019-07-18 11:11:43 (UTC+8)|
During the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895, Hubei Provincial Administration Commissioner Wang Zhichun was dispatched to Russia for condoling Alexander III 's death and celebrating Nicholas II 's enthronement. Originally, he was on a mission to lobby Russia, but it was cancelled halfway. After the mission in Russia was finished, he stayed in France to be engaged in some activities such as purchasing armament, raiding Japan, borrow foreign loan and lobby France to protect Taiwan. at the time, Wang took up two roles, Imperial Commissioner of Qing government and subordinate of Zhang Zhidong, acting Superintendent of Trade for the Southern Ports. It made this mission a special case in the diplomatic history of the Late Qing Dynasty. Following the established practice, he voluntarily conducted his activities under the leadership of Li Hongzhang, Superintendent of Trade for the Northern Ports, at the beginning of the mission. However, Wang's activities came under the aegis of Zhang during the latter half of the mission, as Li was dispatched to negotiate with Japan. Some of these activities were undertaken in Zhang's interests without requesting instructions from Qing government, while other activities related to the overall situation of the war were presented to the Emperor for permission. Because of Wang's dual roles, interactions involving both cooperation and contradiction between central and local government could be found in these activities.
|Relation:||國立政治大學歷史學報, 50, 1-43|
|DOI 連結:||https://doi.org/ 10.30383/TJH.201811_(50).0001|
|Appears in Collections:||[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文|
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