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The Integration and Takeover of Irrigation and Farmers' Associations in Wartime and Postwar Taiwan
irrigation association;farmers' association;total war;takeover
|Issue Date:||2019-07-18 11:21:12 (UTC+8)|
This article discusses and compares the integration and takeover of irrigation associations and farmers' associations in wartime and postwar Taiwan. Over a long period of time, irrigation associations and farmers' associations were the principal agricultural organizations in Taiwan. During the Second World War, Japan changed its agricultural policies in Taiwan in order to increase the production of food. To better control the water consumption in each area, more than 100 irrigation associations were forced to merge into 38. Many agricultural groups were integrated by force, and later were given the task to serve the Japanese government in the forced procurement of food. The personnel reshuffle in these two types of associations was carried out alongside the institutional adjustment. As a result, the Japanese chiefs of the local administration held the posts of chairmen of these associations. While the expulsion of the Taiwanese from these associations was not mandatory, the Taiwanese members still consisted of the majority of the board of councilors. However, the lowest-level farmers' associations, which were very much based in local societies, became subordinates to the Japanese chairmen who at the same time were chiefs of local administrations. After the Nationalist government took over Taiwan in 1945, local administrative chiefs continued to hold the posts of chairmen of the two types of associations, but polls were carried out in the following year. In the early postwar period, those who had considerable power in the local administrations quickly took charge of the irrigation associations, while the old leaders of Taiwanese local societies regained their control of the farmers' associations.
|Relation:||國立政治大學歷史學報, 51, 121-172|
|DOI 連結:||https://doi.org/ 10.30383/TJH.201905_(51).0004|
|Appears in Collections:||[政治大學歷史學報 THCI Core ] 期刊論文|
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