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Dao and Sang: Daoist Traditions in the Shanghang Area of Western Fujian
|Keywords:||做道;做覡;閩西;道教;儀式傳統;Dao 道;Sang 覡|
western Fujian;Daoism;ritual tradition
|Issue Date:||2019-11-29 09:22:12 (UTC+8)|
Based on the author's fieldwork in the Shanghang area of western Fujian, this paper undertakes a systematic investigation of the local Daoist traditions. Daoism in this area is mainly composed of two traditions: ＂dao＂(道), closely related to the Heavenly Master mansion at Mount Longhu, that is, the tradition of Orthodox Unity (Zhengyi 正一) Daoists; and ＂sang＂(覡), characterized by veneration of the Lady of Linshui (Linshui furen 臨水夫人), that is, the tradition of exorcist ritual masters. On the basis of documents from local Daoist altars and Daoists' understanding of their self-identity, this paper analyzes the ritual traditions and ritual classification of these Daoist altars, and finally discovers the following points. First, the authority of the Heavenly Master mansion at Mount Longhu has had a profound influence on the ecology of Daoism in the Shanghang area in recent generations. Second, the Daoists in this area have a clear understanding of the distinctions between different rituals and their sectarian attributes. Third, the ubiquitous existence of the demarcation between civil and military rituals in Daoism and Chinese religion also appears in western Fujian Daoism. Fourth, the traditions of the Daoist exorcist ritual masters of western Fujian and those of surrounding regions as southern Jiangxi and eastern Guangdong have a fixed origin.
|Relation:||華人宗教研究, 8, 107-134|
|Appears in Collections:||[華人宗教研究] 期刊論文|
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