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Title: Political enthusiasm for social pensions and its eventual decline in Taiwan: an institutional account of pension dynamics in a new democracy
Authors: 林宜輝
Lin, Yei-Whei
Contributors: 社工所
Keywords:  Social Pensions; Electoral Linkage; Taxation Regime; Policy Feedback; Clientelism; Pension Politics
Date: 2017-01
Issue Date: 2019-12-19 10:46:02 (UTC+8)
Abstract: Over the last two decades, there has been a remarkable transformation of the demography and political economy of East and Southeast Asia, thus raising pensions as an important policy issue. In addressing the pension needs of those outside formal sector employment, Taiwan was the regional forerunner regarding social pension provision. However, the immense political popularity of these schemes waned and from the mid-2000s onwards the government began to substitute them with a contributory system for the socially disadvantaged. This paper analyses the political dynamics of social pensions in Taiwan, from expansion of coverage through to gradual dismantlement. The politics surrounding these benefits has received scant attention in international scholarship, with the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank Institute, in particular, having focused most of their attention on policy design issues. The contention here is that a specific configuration of political factors featured prominently in Taiwan, thus providing an explanation for the evolution of its pension policy. Also, these political dimensions can shed light on how this type of pension could evolve in other East and Southeast Asian countries, which is pertinent given that many have increasingly ageing populations.
Relation: Asian Journal of Political Science, Vol.25, No.1, pp.68-88
Data Type: article
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