Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||實踐與挑戰 : 台灣在亞太地區的政府開發援助|
The implementation and challenge: Taiwan’s official development assistance to the Asia-Pacific region
Official development Assistance (ODA)
he New Southbound Policy
a Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy
|Issue Date:||2020-01-03 16:01:29 (UTC+8)|
This research aims at providing objective analysis and comparison of Official Development Assistance (ODA) models of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in the Asia-Pacific region. The thesis tries to build a theoretical framework on Taiwan’s ODA by examining empirical evidence and case studies to shed light on the perspective and possible improvement of Taiwan’s ODA. Through deliberating and summing up targets of Taiwan’s ODA policy, the author analyzes related international cooperation and regional security. This paper defines ODA in the very beginning, followed by framing the research target into two groups— Southeast Asia counties and Pacific countries. Then the author builds a framework based on two distinctive ODA’s characteristics. First, technical assistance and capacity-building assistance, which are related to the Taiwan International Cooperation and Development Fund (TaiwanICDF). Second, investment, loans, and interest subsidy assistance, which are related to the Office of Trade Negotiations (OTN) under the Executive Yuan (the Cabinet). By interviewing ten stakeholders — two TaiwanICDF officials, three scholars in international relation and ODA, two trade representatives of the Office of Trade Negotiations, one official from Ministry of Foreign Affairs, one representative from overseas investment and development cooperation, and one official from the National Security Bureau — the author indicates the challenges of Taiwan’s ODA policy and improvement of execution capability while concludes with Taiwan’s government carried out its ODA projects through two framework: financing facility by OTN and technical assistance by TaiwanICDF. The government has two roles in the ODA program, to review and approve the proposed infrastructure plan and subsidize the interest on the loans disbursed. In addition, it is suggested that the government should establish a suitable policy-based financial institution and initiate a state government level of ODA, which takes social infrastructure like sanitary and medical services into concern.
|Reference:||American Institute in Taiwan, “Global Cooperation and Training Framework (GCTF),” webpage, undated(a).|
Asian Development Bank. (2012). The Saemaul Undong Movement in the Republic of Korea: Sharing Knowledge on Community-Driven Development. https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/29881/saemaul- undong-movement-korea.pdf
Alam, S. (2017, July 11). Estimating the costs of SDGs implementation. Daily Sun. Retrieved from http://www.daily- sun.com/printversion/details/239574/Estimating-the-costs-of-SDGs-implementation
Breuning, M. (2002). Foreign Aid, Development Assistance, or Development Cooperation: What's in a Name? International Politics, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 369-377.
Bisbee, J. H., Hollyer, J. R., Rosendorff, B. P., & Vreeland, J. R. (2016). The millennium development goals and education: Accountability and substitution in global assessment.
Council on Hemispheric Affairs, “The Big China and Taiwan Tussle: Dollar Diplomacy Returns to Latin America,”
Crawford, Gordon. (2001). Foreign Aid and Political Reform: A comparative Analysis of Democracy Assistance and Political Conditionality. New York: Palgrave.
Fidrmuc, J., Kostagianni, S. (2015), Impact of IMF Assistance on Economic Growth Revisited. Economics and Sociology, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 32-40.
Gardner, Cory, “Gardner, Markey Introduce Legislation to Ensure Taiwan’s Role on World Stage Is Not Diminished by China,” Washington, D.C., May 25, 2018.
Gray, Kevin. (2014). U.S. Aid and Uneven Development in East Asia. ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 656, No. 1, pp. 41-58.
Gwin, C. (1997). US relations with the World Bank. In D. Kapur, J. P. Lewis, & R. Webb (Eds.), The World Bank: Its First Half Century, 2, 195–275. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
Horton, Chris, “In Taiwan, U.S. Official Says Commitment ‘Has Never Been Stronger,’” New York Times, March 21, 2018a.
Hughes, H. (2003). Trade Or Aid? Which Benefits Developing Countries More? Economic Papers: A Journal of Applied Economics and Policy, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 1-19.
Huang, Kuei-Bo, Rong-Hui Chou, 2014/8, 〈我國「南向政策」之 回顧與影響展望與探索〉, Prospect & Exploration, Vol. 12, No. 8, pp. 61-69.
Jones, Sam, “World Heading for Catastrophe over Natural Disasters, Risk Expert Warns,” The Guardian, April 24, 2016.
Kan, Shirley A., and Wayne M. Morrison, U.S.-Taiwan Relationship: Overview of Policy Issues, Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service, R41952, December 11, 2014.
Kaul, I., P. Conceicao, K. Le. Goulven, and R. U. Mendoza. (2003). Providing Global Public Goods: Managing Globalization. New York: Oxford University Press.
Kelly, James, “Overview of U.S. Policy Toward Taiwan,” testimony at hearing on Taiwan, House International Relations Committee, Washington, D.C., April 21, 2004.
Kosack, Stephen. (2003). Effective Aid: How Democracy Allows Development Aid to Improve the Quality of Life. World Development, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 1-22.
Kathuria, Rajat, Mansi Kedia, Yu-Yin Wu, & Yu-Chia Hsu, 2013. “The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Sector,” in Parthapratim Pal, Arpita Mukherjee, & Kristy Tsun-Tzu Hsu eds., Enhancing Trade, Investment and Cooperation between India and Taiwan. New Delhi: Academic Foundation. pp. 245-286.
Khan, Haider A., “Technology and Economic Development: The Case of Taiwan,” Journal of Contemporary China, Vol. 13, No. 40, 2004, pp. 507–521.
Lanteigne, M. (2015). Chinese foreign policy: An introduction. New York: Routledge.
Lee, P. P. (2016). Managing International Development and Cooperation. Great Coronora Press.
Lu, Zhenhua, “U.S. Urges China–Taiwan ‘Dialogue’ Despite Panama’s Jilting of Taipei,” South China Morning Post, June 14, 2017
Lu, I-Hsuan, and Sherry Hsiao, “Taiwan Force for Good in World, U.S. Official Says,” Taipei Times, April 28, 2018.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China. (2016). White Paper on Foreign Aid Policy (Summary).
Ministry of Economic Office of the R.O.C.(Taiwan), 2001/4/25. 〈「加強對東南亞及紐澳地區經貿工作綱領」專案報告〉, Library Legislative Yuan, R.O.C.(Taiwan), <http://npl.ly.gov.tw/ npl/re port/900425/5.pdf>.
Ministry of Economic Office of the R.O.C.(Taiwan), 2003/3/26. 〈我 國推動南向政策面臨問題與解決之道〉, Library Legislative Yuan, R.O.C.(Taiwan), <http://npl.ly.gov.tw/npl/report/920326/3. pdf>
Manyin, M.E., S. Daggett, B. Dolven, S.V. Lawrence, M.F. Martin, R. O’Rourke, & B. Vaughn. (2012). Pivot to the Pacific?: The Obama administration’s “rebalancing” toward Asia. Washington, D.C: Congressional Research Service.
MOFA. (2016). Japan’s official development assistance white paper 2016. Government of Japan. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA). Retrieved from: http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/oda/page22e_000815.html
MOFA. (2014), International Cooperation and Development Report 2013
Ndiaga, Thiam, and Jess Macy Yu, “Taiwan ‘Sad, Angry’ as It Loses Second Ally in a Month Amid China Pressure,” Reuters, May 24, 2018.
OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). (2018). DAC glossary of key terms and concepts. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/dac/dac-glossary.htm
Office of the President, Republic of China (Taiwan), 2016/5/20. “Inaugural address of ROC 14th-term President Tsai Ing-wen,” Office of the President, Republic of China (Taiwan), <http://eng lish.president.gov.tw/NEWS/4893>.
Office of the President of the R.O.C.(Taiwan), 2016/8/16.〈總統召 開「對外經貿戰略會談」通過「新南向政策」政策綱領〉, Office of the President of the R.O.C.(Taiwan), <http://www.presi- dent.gov.tw/NEWS/20639/>.
Prizzon, A., Greenhill, R., & Mustapha, S. (2016). An age of choice for development finance: Evidence from country case studies. Synthesis Report. Overseas Development Institute.
Pryke, J. (2018). The bad – and good – of China’s aid in the Pacific, January 11. The Interpreter. Retrieved from https:// www.lowyinstitute.org/the-interpreter/bad-and-good-china-aid- pacific
Pompeo, Michael R., “Remarks on ‘America’s Indo-Pacific Economic Vision,’” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Indo-Pacific Business Forum, July 30, 2018
Rich, Timothy, and Andi Dahmer, “Taiwan, International Aid, and the Challenge of Official Recognition,” Taiwan Sentinel, May 6, 2018. As of February 1, 2019: https://sentinel.tw/taiwan-intl-aid-recognition/
“Taiwan, U.S. Sign MOU to Extend Partnership in Global Health, Aid,” Focus Taiwan, June 1, 2015.
Taiwan International Cooperation and Development Fund, “About Us > Executive Officers,” webpage, undated(b).
Taiwan International Cooperation and Development Fund, “Bilateral Projects, Central America and South America,” webpage, undated(d).
Taiwan International Cooperation and Development Fund, “History > History of the Taiwan ICDF,” webpage
The ASEAN Secretariat, 2015. ASEAN 2025: Forging Ahead Together. Jakarta: The ASEAN Secretstiat.
Tubilewicz, Czeslaw, and Alain Guilloux, “Does Size Matter? Foreign Aid in Taiwan’s Diplomatic Strategy, 2000–2008,” Australian Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 65, No. 3, June 2011, pp. 322–339.
U.S. Agency for International Development, “Foreign Aid Explorer: U.S. Foreign Aid by Country,” webpage, undated(b).
USAID—See U.S. Agency for International Development.
U.S. Agency for International Development, “Missions, Visions and Values,” webpage
“U.S. Lawmakers Introduce TAIPEI Act,” Taipei Times, September 7, 2018.
Schmidt-Traub, G., & Shah, A. (2015). Investment needs to achieve the sustainable development goals. Paris and New York: Sustainable Development Solutions Network.
Shambaugh, D. (2015). China’s soft-power push: The search for respect. Foreign Affairs, (July/August).
WHO (2017, July 17). WHO estimates cost of reaching global health targets by 2030. World Health Organization (WHO). Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2017/cost-health-targets/en/
Woods, E. (2013). Smart city progress report: Japan. Smart Cities Council. Retrieved from:
World Bank. (2016). IDA 18 replenishment. Retrieved from: http://ida.worldbank.org/financing/replenishments/ida18- replenishment
Xinhua. (2017). China's FDI inflow rises 4.1 pct in 2016, January 13. Retrieved from http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2017-01/13/ c_135980877.html
Yu, Jess Macy, and Ben Blanchard, “Taiwan Says China Dangled $3 Billion to Grab Ally Dominican Republic,” Reuters, April 30, 2018.
Zawacki, B. (2017). America's biggest southeast Asian ally is drifting toward China, September 29. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from foreignpolicy.com/2017/09/29/its-on-trump-to-stop- bangkoks-drift-to-beijing/
|Appears in Collections:||[國際研究英語碩士學位學程] 學位論文|
Files in This Item:
All items in 學術集成 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.