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Title: 非營利組織社會企業化之研究-以財團法人基金會為例
The Research on Nonprofit Organizations Adapting Social Enterprise Approach: Case Study on Foundations
Authors: 陳定銘
Contributors: 第三部門
Keywords: 非營利組織;財團法人基金會;社會企業化;課責
nonprofit organizations;foundation;social enterprise;accountability
Date: 2007-03
Issue Date: 2020-02-05 14:38:11 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 臺灣非營利組織蓬勃發展之後,在目前經濟不景氣、捐款數額逐漸降低的情況下,有些基金會開始走向社會企業化的現象,本研究欲了解社會企業化的基金會是否會造成其公益使命的偏離,因而發生「目標置移」的危機,並探討非營利組織社會企業化後,基金會如何應用社會企業化的觀念,強化其經營策略,藉以有效地實踐其公益使命。因此,本研究以質化研究法做深入探究分析,針對國內非營利組織運用社會企業化經營進行析探,並以喜瑪拉雅基金會、陽光基金會、心路基金會、喜憨兒基金會、富邦慈善基金會、信誼基金會、主婦聯盟環境保護基金會等個案進行深度訪談,以了解其社會企業實際運作狀況,且配合非營利組織社會企業化相關理論,析探非營利組織社會企業化經營策略。研究發現,我國非營利組織普遍對社會企業化採取肯定與正面的態度,而在經營策略上可以歸納為社會企業化的經營理念、管理途徑、行銷策略及財務結構; 而在社會企業化議題與課責機制中, 論述社會企業化的目標置移、政策工具、法律規範,以及公信力、公開化與透明化等課責機制的建立。最後,本研究採取Martin與Osberg界定社會企業型態,並將之分成社會服務提供者、社會行動者及社會企業精神等三大類,但是,三者之間以混合型態呈現,而非單一型態運作,如此,才能發揮真正的社會企業精神。
After the booming of the nonprofit organizations in Taiwan, some foundations start to adapt social enterprise approach due to the depression and the decreasing of donation at present. Therefore, the research would try to find out whether the vocation of the foundations has diverged from the public interest mission and hence caused the crisis of "subject divergence". The research would also discuss how the foundations adapt the social enterprise approach to reinforce their management strategy and efficiently put the public mission into practice. Basing on the qualitative method, the research has done in-depth analysis on the nonprofit organizations that are practicing social enterprise approach in Taiwan. Case studies has been done on some foundations, such as Himalaya Foundation, Sunshine Social Welfare Foundation, Syin-Lu Social Welfare Foundation, Children Are Us Foundation, Fubon Charity Foundation, Hsin-Yi Foundation, and Homemaker's Union and Foundation, to realize how the social enterprise approach actually works in the foundation management. The research would also analyze and discuss the management strategy of these nonprofit organizations accommodating other correlative theories of social enterprise approach. The result of the research shows that the nonprofit organizations in Taiwan generally hold an approval and positive view on the social enterprise approach. The management strategy when adapting social enterprise approach can be divided into managing concept, administrate avenue, marketing strategy, and financial structure. The issue of social enterprise approach has been discussed about its subject divergence, policy tools, legal codes, and the establishing of an open, transparency and accountability. Finally, the research adopts Martin and Osberg's pure form of social engagement which identifies social entrepreneurship and distinguishes it from social service provision, and social activism. Only when combining the three social ventures and creating new hybrid models can carry out the true social entrepreneurship.
Relation: 第三部門, 7, 73-113
Data Type: article
Appears in Collections:[第三部門] 期刊論文

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