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Propagandizing China's War against Japanese Aggression to Black Americans: Liu Liang-Mo's ＂China Speaks＂ Column in the Pittsburgh Courier, 1942-1945
Liu, Philip H. O.
|Keywords:||對日抗戰 ; 有色人種 ; 種族歧視 ; 劉良模 ; 宋美齡 ; 蔣介石 |
China's War against Japanese Aggression ; People of Color ; Racial Discrimination ; Liu Liang-mo ; Soong May-ling ; Chiang Kai-shek
|Issue Date:||2020-02-26 13:31:42 (UTC+8)|
Scholars generally believe that the ＂China Speaks＂ column in the Pittsburgh Courier from 1942 to 1945 encouraged solidarity among Black American readers with war-time China, and that the termination of this column expressed the disappointment Black Americans felt with the Chinese Nationalist regime's lack of attention to people of color. This paper begins with a review of the relationship between Black Americans and Chinese at the time. It argues that although Black Americans and Chinese both pursued racial equality relative to Whites, Black Americans cared little about Chinese and some even supported Japan's invasion of China; at the same time, Chinese imitated white people to discriminate against black people. Black Americans and Chinese did not have much interaction with each other and only found common cause after the attack on Pearl Harbor. This study then analyzes the political background of the column's writer, Liu Liang-mo, and argues that the column's interpretation of China's War against Japanese Aggression was merely propagating the writer's own belief in Chinese nationalism and communism. Liu's promotion of a friendship between Chinese and Black Americans was, in fact, a means to realize his own political ambition; hence, the column presented a distorted view of the Chinese Nationalists' attitude toward people of color. The column led Black American readers to misunderstand the real China and overestimate Chinese attention to people of color, thereby reinforcing their frustration with the Nationalist regime.
|Relation:||國家發展研究, Vol.17, No.1, pp.129-172|
|Appears in Collections:||[國家發展研究所] 期刊論文|
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