Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ah.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/131852


Title: 烏克蘭頓巴斯戰爭的人道主義之研究
A Study on Humanitarianism of the War in Ukraine’s Donbass
Authors: 陳資閔
Chen, Tzu-Min
Contributors: 林永芳
Lin, Yung-Fan
陳資閔
Chen, Tzu-Min
Keywords: 烏克蘭
頓巴斯戰爭
人道主義
人道干預
人道救助
Ukraine
War in Donbass
Humanitarianism
Humanitarian intervention
Humanitarian assistance
Date: 2020
Issue Date: 2020-09-02 12:58:37 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 隨著頓巴斯戰爭的持續燃燒,烏克蘭頓巴斯地區的人道危機,以及俄羅斯境內的難民問題也隨之生成與擴大。儘管,俄羅斯自始自終否認各項介入烏克蘭內政與入侵烏克蘭領土的指控,但不論是戰爭的緣起、還是人道危機與難民問題的生成、抑或是救助行動的發起,皆與俄羅斯的作為習習相關。是以,當俄羅斯成為該地區最大救助與接收國時,本文主要研究動機與目的亦油然而生,也就是試圖解答俄羅斯在其中的人道主義立場。透過對頓巴斯戰爭的歷史緣由、俄羅斯在頓巴斯地區的人道干預,以及俄羅斯對烏克蘭難民的政策規定的探討與分析,本文得出,俄羅斯對頓巴斯地區的所作所為,皆出自其對烏克蘭這片土地與歐亞大陸的長久關注與執著,並在西方的催化下加速行動,而為了達到其文明整合戰略與地緣政經平衡的目標,俄羅斯則藉由人道主義價值的軟實力輸出,進而向國際社會表達其行為的正當性與合法性。
As the War in Donbass rages on, the humanitarian crisis in Donbass, Ukraine and the problem of refugees in Russian emerged and continued to worsen. Despite the fact that Russian has always denied various accusations of intervention in Ukraine’s internal affairs and invasion of Ukraine’s territory, the origin of the war, the emergence of humanitarian crisis and refugee problems, and the initiation of relief actions are all related to Russia’s behaviors. Therefore, the development of circumstances in which Russia became the country in that region that provided most relief and received most refugees contributed to the development of the major research motivation and objectives of this study. Specifically, this study aimed to clarify Russia’s humanitarianism stance in the War in Donbass. By analyzing the history and the causes of the War in Donbass, Russia’s humanitarian intervention in Donbass, and Russia’s policy toward Ukraine refugees, this study discovered that Russian’s actions in Donbass were all out of its long-term attention and fixation with Ukraine and Eurasia. Under the catalysis of the West, Russia sped up its actions. To achieve its strategy of cultural integration and its goal of reaching geopolitical and economical balance, Russia utilized the output of humanitarianism values as a soft power to demonstrate its legitimacy and legality to the international society.
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Presidential Executive Office’s Information Office. (2014c, Aug. 29). President of Russia Vladimir Putin Addressed Novorossiya Militia. Retrieved from President of Russia: http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/46506
Presidential Executive Office’s Information Office. (2017, Oct. 19). Meeting of the Valdai International Discussion Club. Retrieved from President of Russia: http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/55882
Resnick, B. (2014, Mar. 4). How the Russian Constitution Justifies War in Ukraine. Retrieved from The Atlantic, National Journal: https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2014/03/how-the-russian-constitution-justifies-war-in-ukraine/453810/
Roudik, P., & Yatsunska, O. (2016, Jun. 21). Refugee Law and Policy: Russian Federation. Retrieved from The Library of Congress: https://www.loc.gov/law/help/refugee-law/russianfederation.php#_ftn13
Rumer, E., & Sokolsky, R. (2019, Jun. 20). Thirty Years of U.S. Policy toward Russia: Can the Vicious Circle Be Broken? Retrieved from Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: https://carnegieendowment.org/2019/06/20/thirty-years-of-u.s.-policy-toward-russia-can-vicious-circle-be-broken-pub-79323
Semenovich, A. (2016, Mar. 28). Seeking shelter: Russia’s refugees from eastern Ukraine, 2 years on. Retrieved from Russia Beyond: https://www.rbth.com/politics_and_society/2016/03/28/seeking-shelter-russias-refugees-from-eastern-ukraine-2-years-on_579789, (accessed 2018/07/26)
Steinberg, J. B., & Gordon, P. H. (2001, Nov. 15). NATO Enlargement: Moving Forward; Expanding the Alliance and Completing Europe’s Integration. Retrieved from Brookings: https://www.brookings.edu/research/nato-enlargement-moving-forward-expanding-the-alliance-and-completing-europes-integration/
Stent, A. (2020, Apr. 27). Why are US-Russia relations so challenging? Retrieved from Brookings: https://www.brookings.edu/policy2020/votervital/why-are-us-russia-relations-so-challenging/
Teitel, R. (2002, Sep.-Oct.). A Cornerstone of International Law-and an Obstacle to Protecting Citizens. Retrieved from Legal Affairs: https://www.legalaffairs.org/issues/September-October-2002/feature_teitel_sepoct2002.msp
The Economist. (2016, Jan. 23). The economic impact of refugees: For good or ill. Retrieved from https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/2016/01/23/for-good-or-ill
Tlemcani, R. (2007, May 29). Electoral Authoritarianism. Retrieved from Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: https://carnegieendowment.org/2007/05/28/electoral-authoritarianism-pub-19176
Tonkin, H. (2017, Feb.). OCHA On Message: Humanitarian Principles. Retrieved from OCHA: https://www.unocha.org/sites/unocha/files/OOM-humanitarianprinciples_eng_28Feb2017_0.pdf, (accessed 2018/09/12)
UNHCR. (2020a, Jul. 12). Refugee Data Finder. Retrieved from UN High Commissioner for Refugees: https://www.unhcr.org/refugee-statistics/download/?url=zBB9
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Weitz, R. (2013, Jun. 22). Russia, NATO, and The Yugoslav Wars. Retrieved from Second Line of Defense: https://sldinfo.com/2013/06/russia-nato-and-the-yugoslav-wars/
Yegorov, O. (2019, Sep. 5). Is Russia refugee-friendly? Retrieved from Russia Beyond: https://www.rbth.com/lifestyle/330927-refugees-in-russia-asylum

三、俄文部分
(一)專書
Буртина, Е. Ю., Коростелева, Е. Ю., & Симонов, В. И. (2015). Россия Как Страна Убежища. Москва: Комитет Гражданское Содействие.
Левада-Центр. (2015). Война на Донбассе. В Общественное Мнение-2014 (стр. 178-184). Москва: Аналитический Центр Юрия Левады.
Левада-Центр. (2016). Война на Донбассе. В Общественное Мнение-2015 (стр. 229-236). Москва: Аналитический Центр Юрия Левады.
Левада-Центр. (2017). Война на Донбассе. В Общественное Мнение-2016 (стр. 211-213). Москва: Аналитический Центр Юрия Левады.
Левада-Центр. (2018). Война на Донбассе. В Общественное Мнение-2017 (стр. 187-188). Москва: Аналитический Центр Юрия Левады.
Левада-Центр. (2020). ДНР-ЛНР. В Общественное Мнение-2019 (стр. 143-144). Москва: Аналитический Центр Юрия Левады.

(二)網路資料
ВЦИОМ. (12 Сентября 2014 г.). Гуманитарный конвой для Украины: за и против. Получено из Всероссийский центр изучения общественного мнения: https://wciom.ru/index.php?id=236&uid=719
ВЦИОМ. (4 Февраля 2015 г.). Война до победного конца - или замораживание конфликта? Россияне о гражданской войне на Украине. Получено из Всероссийский центр изучения общественного мнения: https://wciom.ru/index.php?id=236&uid=615
ВЦИОМ. (20 Марта 2015 г.). Мужественные люди. Получено из Всероссийский центр изучения общественного мнения: https://wciom.ru/index.php?id=236&uid=581
ВЦИОМ. (30 Сентября 2015 г.). Россия и Донбасс на фоне Минска. Получено из Всероссийский центр изучения общественного мнения: https://wciom.ru/index.php?id=236&uid=115410
ВЦИОМ. (21 Июля 2017 г.). Россия-Донбасс-Украина: на контркурсах. Получено из Всероссийский центр изучения общественного мнения: https://wciom.ru/index.php?id=236&uid=116324
ГАРАНТ. (27 декабря 2018 г.). Федеральный закон от 19 февраля 1993 г. N 4530-I "О вынужденных переселенцах". Получено из ГАРАНТ.РУ Информационно-правовое обеспечение: http://ivo.garant.ru/#/document/10105693/paragraph/15660/doclist/%D0%97%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BD%20%D0%A0%D0%A4%20%D0%BE%D1%82%2019%20%D1%84%D0%B5%D0%B2%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%8F%201993%20%D0%B3.%20N%204530-I%20%22%D0%9E%20%D0%B2%D1%8B%D0%BD%D1%83%D0%B6%D0%B
ГАРАНТ. (26 июля 2019 г.). Федеральный закон от 19 февраля 1993 г. N 4528-I "О беженцах". Получено из ГАРАНТ.РУ Информационно-правовое обеспечение: http://ivo.garant.ru/#/document/10105682/paragraph/28119/doclist/%D0%9E%20%D0%B1%D0%B5%D0%B6%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%86%D0%B0%D1%85:0
ГАРАНТ. (24 апреля 2020 г.). Федеральный закон от 31 мая 2002 г. N 62-ФЗ. Получено из ГАРАНТ.РУ Информационно-правовое обеспечение: http://ivo.garant.ru/#/document/184539/paragraph/12701/doclist/%D0%9E%20%D0%B3%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B6%D0%B4%D0%B0%D0%BD%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D0%B5%20%D0%A0%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%B9%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B9%20%D0%A4%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%86%D0%B8%D0
Комитет Гражданское содействие. (7 Окт. 2014 г.). Беженцы из Украины в Российской Федерации. Получено из https://refugee.ru/publications/bezhentsy-iz-ukrainy-v-rossijskoj-federatsii/, (accessed 2018/08/14)
Лория, Е., & Марченко, П. (28 января 2020 г.). Число желающих приобрести российское гражданство постоянно растет. Получено из Известия: https://iz.ru/969161/elena-loriia-petr-marchenko/chislo-zhelaiushchikh-priobresti-rossiiskoe-grazhdanstvo-postoianno-rastet
РИА Новости. (25 Сентября 2014 г.). Роухани: Ближний Восток и Кавказ превратили в убежище для террористов. Получено из https://ria.ru/20140925/1025625884.html
Росстат. (5 Июня 2020a г.). Беженцы 1998-2020г. Получено из Федеральная служба государственной статистики: http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/population/demo/migr4-2.xls
Росстат. (5 Июня 2020b г.). Вынужденные переселенцы 1995-2020г. Получено из Федеральная служба государственной статистики: http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/population/demo/migr4-1.xls
Росстат. (5 Июня 2020c г.). Численность лиц, получивших временное убежище 2007-2020г. Получено из Федеральная служба государственной статистики: http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/population/demo/migr4-3.xls
Смородин, Н. (28 Январь 2016 г.). ФМС: продолжает расти число граждан Украины, переезжающих в Россию. Получено из РИА Новости: https://ria.ru/20160128/1366392744.html
Троицкий, К. (20 Июня 2017 г.). 39 Признанных Беженцев в 2016 Году. Российские Антирекорды и Почему Мальта Сильнее России. Получено из Гражданское содействие: https://refugee.ru/dokladyi/39-priznannyh-bezhentsev-v-2016-godu-rossijskie-antirekordy-i-pochemu-malta-silnee-rossii/
Description: 碩士
國立政治大學
俄羅斯研究所
105263002
Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0105263002
Data Type: thesis
Appears in Collections:[俄羅斯研究所] 學位論文

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