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Title: 集體行動觀點下的跨域合作、行動支持度感知及行動成果-以地方政府節能減碳為例
Collective Action Perspectives on Interlocal Collaboration, Perception of Action Support and Action Outcomes: A Study of Local Government Energy Saving and Carbon Reduction Movement
Authors: 陳思先
Chen, Ssu-Hsien
Contributors: 公共行政學報
Keywords: 地方政府 ; 集體行動 ; 節能減碳 ; 跨域合作 ; 行動支持度感知 ; local governments ; collective actions ; energy saving and carbon reduction ; interlocal collaboration ; perception of action support
Date: 2019-03
Issue Date: 2020-10-08 11:17:35 (UTC+8)
Abstract: 本研究以地方政府為分析單位,探討集體行動樣態在跨域合作機制的實踐及其對節能減碳行動成果的影響,並以地方政府對行動支持度的感知為調節變項,探討支持度感知對跨域合作與行動成果之間的干擾效果。變項數據資料蒐集來源有二種,其一以政府公開次級資料蒐集整理地方政府相關客觀資訊(包括行政院環保署低碳永續家園資訊網及各個跨域平台網站),其二以公文發送方式,請地方政府依據實況填答問卷,問卷量表工具除已進行專家效度之外,並均通過信度與效度檢定;直轄市及縣市回覆率100%(有效樣本數=22),鄉鎮市及具公法人地位的自治區(直轄市山地原住民自治區)回覆率66.67%(有效樣本數=136);本研究以描述性統計、相關分析及迴歸分析進行變項之統計分析。研究結果發現,在鄉鎮市及原住民自治區層級的地方政府中,跨域合作機制的涉入,對其減碳通勤行動與降低碳足跡誘因行動的落實有顯著幫助,而其所在轄區已進行環保議題合作(於跨域平台運作)的時間(資歷/年),亦對其低碳永續家園銀級評等的得獎狀況有正向影響效果。在直轄市與縣市層級的地方政府中,跨域合作機制僅對於縣市落實降低碳足跡誘因行動有正向影響,卻對實務上低碳永續家園得獎率沒有顯著效果。至於行動支持度的感知方面,無論是在鄉鎮市/自治區層級,或是直轄市/縣市層級,都對節能減碳政策行動有幫助,亦顯現出在跨域合作與節能減碳政策行動之間的增強性調節效果。本研究歸結,我國地方政府集體行動在跨域合作機制的實踐,對節能減碳行動有幫助,尤其,當地方政府感受到民眾與團體支持態度時,其影響效果愈正面。
Using local governments as analytic units, this research defined interlocal collaboration as a pattern of collective actions among local governments, and tried to detect the impact of the collective actions on local policy movement on energy saving and carbon reduction. Local government perception of the action support was treated as an intervening variable. Data collection was derived based on two approaches: one was from the government open data systems and websites to establish the secondary data set in this research; the other was from a general questionnaire survey to measure local government perception and identification of relevant concepts of the policy actions. The operational instruments of the measurement had already been confirmed by the reliability and validity tests. The questionnaires were delivered to local governments through the bureaucratic-official document system, and the respondents were requested to answer the questions corresponding to the empirical situation or conditions. The responsive rates were 100% of the special-city/county/city samples (with total observation=22), and 66.67% of the country/township/county-administrative-city/special-district samples (with total observations=136). The methods of descriptive statistics, pair correlations and ordinal least square regression were employed in this research. Research findings indicate that, regarding the country/township/county-administrative-city/special-district observations, the participation in interlocal collaboration could generate a positive and significant effect to carry the low-carbon commuting actions and the low-carbon footprint incentive actions. With a longer time participating in the collaboration networks, local governments experienced a better chance to win the designation of national champion among low-carbon sustainability communities. Regarding the special-city/county/city observations, though interlocal collaboration could help facilitate low-carbon footprint incentive actions, it has an insignificant effect on the ability to gain the status and awards of national champion. Perception of action support enhanced local government actions toward energy saving and environmental sustainability on each of the two levels of municipalities. Moreover, action support perception could extend the effect of interlocal collaboration on the action outcomes. To conclude, the collective actions among local governments emerge as a useful mechanism toward local actions on energy saving and carbon reduction. In particular, when local governments perceive a positive image on action support from the public, the effect of interlocal collaboration is enhanced and the action outcome is promoted.
Relation: 公共行政學報, 56, 1-39
Data Type: article
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Appears in Collections:[公共行政學報 TSSCI] 期刊論文

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